Special Needs Midterm Flashcards Preview

Term 2 > Special Needs Midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Special Needs Midterm Deck (20):
1

Any limitation in function as a result of pathology, accident or disease

Impairment

2

A limitation felt by a person resulting from a disability that causes the person to feel inadequate within the range of normal performance

Handicap

3

One that occurs genetically or during the development period of the child (birth-age 18-22)

Developmental disabilities

4

Occurs after the age of 18-23 or caused by a disease, trauma or injury to the body

Acquired disabilities

5

Typically over age 65

Age associated disabilities

6

BADLS

Basic activities of daily living personal care like feeding, dressing, grooming

7

IADLS

Instrumental activities of daily living- more complex tasks like preparing meals, using public transportation or driving a car.

8

Barrier free design

Barriers to healthcare:

Cost
Transport
Attitudes of pt
Attitudes of healthcare proff
ADA

9

A severe condition that can be fatal.

Severe medical emergency

Increase in BP

Autonomic dysreflexia

10

Incorporating special needs persons into the mainstream of society rather than being segregated.

Mainstreaming

11

A process that enables all individuals to engage as closely as possible in normal patterns of everyday life.

Normalization

12

Name the 4 developmental disabilities?

Intellectual (Down syndrome)

Cerebral palsy

Epilepsy

Autism

13

Name 2 sensory impairments?

Visual
Hearing

14

Name the 3 orthopedic disorders

Paralysis

Spinal cord injury

Missing extremities

15

Name 8 medical disabilities

Cardiovascular disease
Autoimmune diseases
HIV/ AIDS
Cancer
Diabetes
Respiratory disease
Renal disease
Blood disorders

16

Name 4 cognitive impairments and psychiatric disorders

Anorexia and bulimia

Mood disorders

Dementia

Cerebrovascular accident

17

Substance use disorder

Abuse of alcohol and/ or psychoactive drugs

18

Degenerative nervous system disorders (9)

Alzheimer's
Parkinson's
Huntingtons disease
Cerebellar ataxias
ALS
MS
Myasthenia gravis
Neurofibromatosis
Creutzfeldt Jacob disease

19

Communication disorders

Dysarthria
Apraxia
Aphasia

20

A condition that interferes with an individual's ability to act independently within the normal range. May be physical, mental or psychological

Disability