Special Populatins: Intellectual Disability Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Special Populatins: Intellectual Disability Deck (36):
1

What is an intellectual disability?

1. significant limitations in intellectual functioning (IQ test)
2. adaptive behavior
3. disability originates before age 18

2

IQ test looks at

reasoning, processing, and new information

3

adaptive behavior (conceptual, social, and practical skills)

things that help you get through everyday life/social situations, practical situations
-conceptual skills, language and literacry, money, self directions, exectuve functioning

4

Are ID and Developmental disability sononomous?

NO!!!

5

Intelectual disability falls under the umbrella of

Developmental disability

6

A test score between 70 and 75 points to an ID on the IQ test but we also have to test what before you can make a decision?

Adaptive behavior

7

Intelligence test (Stanford Binet)

IQ tests look at various types of *verbal and nonverbal* reasoning
-nonverbal would be finding object that goes in box an dpointing
-putting block on car moving away and toward would be verbal because have to know words "toward" and "away"

8

Adaptive Skills

1. conceptual
2. social
3. practical

9

conceptual adaptive skills

language and literacy, money, time, # concepts, self direction

10

social adaptive skill

interpersonal skills, social responsibility, self-esteem, gulibility, naieve, social problem solvig, ability to follow rules/obey laws

11

practical adaptive skills

activities of daily living, occupational skills, healthcare, travel, schedules, safety, use of money, use of telephone

12

4 very important things to think about for adaptive skills

1. age related
2. culture
3. modifiable
4. moderately stable-can role play to teach about money
5. defined by performance-not just knowing what to do; crossing the street example

13

Capacity triangle includes what 3 things

1. environment
2. support
3. disability

14

The capacity triangle can improve or diminish what?

how you function

15

Epidemiology

1. prevalence
2. severity
3. gender
4. social class

16

Prevalence of ID

OVERIDENTIFIED-doesn't take into consideration adaptive skills. if have good adaptive skills they are not considered to have an ID.
-ppl w/ severe ID have shorter life span
-2.5% or less of individuals have an ID

17

Severity of ID

85% have mild so vast majority have a mild impairment-these tend to have children
-moderate = 10%
-severe = 4%
-profound = 2%

18

Gender of ID

more prevalent in males

19

Social class of ID

strong correlation between maternal education and intellectual disability

20

Mild ID

identified at school age so get milestones on time, learn basic language, social, need help academically, more likely to repeat grade in typical classrooms, struggle w/ math semi skilld jobs, live independently

21

Moderate ID

show signs as a toddler, motor skills lack, uninterested in surroundings, diagnosed in preschool, due to impairments in language development, can communicate effectively but probs w/ basic self care

22

Severe ID

identified in infancy, almost always have probs w/ developmental milestones, genetic disorder like down syndrome also, speech is limited and difficult to undersatnd, comprehension is better than expression-usually cannot read/write/work independentl

23

Profound ID

identified in infancy, genetic disorder, health probs coexist, functioning at 12 months in school, nonverbal

24

Mild intellectual disability-look at 3 areas

1. academic performance
2. cognitive performance
3. social skills performance

25

Academic performance for a mild ID person (reading and math)

general overall delays in academic development-tend to be low across the board
-reading is most important/usually difficult-see phonological problems similar to kids w/ dyslexia
-difference is that ID kids have probs w/ phonology and comprehension..dyslexic would just have phonology problem

26

Cognitive performance in Mild ID

attention, memory, and generalization

27

Attention for mild ID

orienting a task, attendint to a task, selective attention

28

Memory for mild ID

deficits; may get something one day and next day they've lost it; impaired because they can't attend to begin with so lose memory more frequent

29

generalization for mild ID

probs with this is that they may learn a word but when they go back to read it in a text, it's gone

30

Social skills performance in mild ID

difficulty knowing what things to pay attention to, can't remember what peer says
-can teach in general education; research shows that lives of these individuals and their functioning can be improved!!!

31

Associated characteristics for ID
-mainly talking about 25% of kids w/ ID here/the more severe-profound usually show these things

1. steriotypes: hand flapping, rigid repetitive movement, rocking, face grimiscing
2. self injury
3. agression: attn avoiding
4. comorbid health problems: more at risk for depression, anxiety, underdiagnosed

32

ID is characterized by significant limitations in:

self help skills and intellectual functioning

33

adaptive behavior includes

gullability, counting money

34

when measuring adaptive skills, you must consider

intellectual functioning
fine motor skills
culture

35

(t/f) the function of someone w/ id is relatively stable and is not easily influenced by external factors

false

36

maternal education and ID are correlated w/ each other (t/f)

TRUE