Special Senses Flashcards Preview

Medical terminology > Special Senses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Special Senses Deck (103):
1

Blephar/o

Eyelid

2

Corne/o

Cornea

3

Ocul/o

Eye

4

Conjuctiv/o

Conjuctiva

5

Ophthalm/o

Eye

6

Cor/o

Pupil

7

Core/o

Pupil

8

Pupil/o

Pupil

9

Irid/o

Iris

10

Opt/o

Eye,vision

11

Choroid/o

Choroid

12

Dacry/o

Tear; lacrimal apparatus (duct, sac, or gland)

13

Kerat/o

Horny tissue; hard; cornea

14

Retin/o

Retina

15

Scler/o

Hardening; sclera

16

-tropia

Turning

17

-plegia

Paralysis

18

-opia, -opsia

Vision

19

Acous/o, Audi/o, audit/o, -acusis

Hearing

20

-ptosis

Prolapse, downward displacement

21

Ot/o

Ear

22

Erythr/opia

A condition in which objects that are not red appear to be red

23

Xanth/opia

Is a condition in which objects that are not yellow appear to be yellow

24

Dipl/opia

Occurs when both eyes are used but not in focus

25

My/opia

Nearsightedness

Eyeball is too long, the visual image files in front of the retina

26

Hyper/opia

Farsightedness

Occurs when the lens focuses the visual image beyond the retina causing difficulty in seeing objects that are close

27

Emmetropia (EM)

Normal eye

28

Dacryadenalgia

Pain in a tear gland

29

Myring/o

Tympanic membrane; eardrum

30

Tympan/o

Tympanic membrane; eardrum

31

Ton/o

Tension

32

Presby/o

Old age

33

Ana-

Against, up, back

34

Salping/o

Tube

35

Erythr/o

Red

36

Xanth/o

Yellow

37

-salpinx

Tube

38

Eso-

Inward

39

Exo-

Outward, outside

40

Staped/ectomy

Removal of the stapes a replacement by a prosthesis to restore hearing loss

41

Ot/itis media

Infection of the middle ear

42

URI

Upper respiratory infection

43

PE

Pressure equalizing tube

44

ARMD

Age-related macular degeneration

45

Ast

Astigmatism

46

D

Diopter (Lens strength)

47

ECCE

Extracapsular cataract extraction

Excision of the anterior segment of the lens capsule along with the lens allowin for the insertion of an intraocular lens implant

48

EOM

Extraocular movement

49

IOL

Intraocular lens

50

IOP

Intraocular pressure

51

Mix astig

Mixed astigmatism

52

MVR

Massive Vitreous Retraction (blade)

Mitral valve replacement

53

Myop

Myopia

54

OD

Right eye

55

O.D.

Dr. of optometry

56

OS

Left eye

57

OU

Both eyes

58

REM

Rapid eye movement

59

SICS

Small incision cataract surgery

60

ST

esotropia

61

VA

Visual acuity

62

VF

Visual field

63

XT

Exotropia

64

AC

Air conduction

65

AD

Right ear

66

AS

Left ear

67

AU

Both ears

68

BC

Bone conduction

69

ENT

Ears, nose, and throat

70

NIHL

Noise induced hearing loss

71

OM

Otitis media

72

Achromatopsia

Congenital deficiency in color perception also called colorblindness

73

Astigmatism

Defective curvature of the cornea and lens which causes light rays to focus unevenly over the retina rather than being focused on the single point resulting in a distorted image

74

Cataract

Degenerative disease in which lens of the eye becomes progressively cloudy causing decreased vision

75

Diabetic retinopathy

Retinal damage marked by aneurysmal dilation and bleeding of blood vessels or the formation of new blood vessels causing visual changes

76

Glaucoma

Condition in which aqueous humor fails to drain properly and accumulates in the anterior chamber of causing elevation intraocular pressure (IOP)

77

Open angle

Most common form of glaucoma results from degenerative changes that causes congestion and reduced flow of humor through the canal of schlemm

78

Closed-angle

Type of glaucoma caused by an Anatomically narrow angle between Iris and the cornea which prevents outflow of aqueous humor from the eye into the lymphatic system causing a sudden increase in IOP

79

Hordeolum

Small, purulent inflammatory infection of a sebaceous gland of the eye, called a sty

80

Macular degeneration

Breakdown of the tissues in the macula resulting in loss of central vision

81

Retinal detachment

Separation of the retina from the choroid which disrupts vision and results in blindness if not repaired

82

Strabismus

Muscular eye disorder in which the eyes turn from the normal position so they deviate in different directions

83

Esotropia

Strabismus in which there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye towards that of the other eyes resulting in diplopia also called cross eyed and convergent strabismus

84

Exotropia

Strabismus in which there is deviation of the visual axis of one eye away from that of the other eyes resulting in diplopia also called wall-eyed and divergent strabismus

85

Acoustic neuroma

Benign tumor that develops from the eighth cranial nerve and grows w/in the auditory canal

86

Anacusis

Total deafness

87

Conductive

Hearing loss due to an impairment in the transmission of sound because of an obstruction of the ear canal or damaged that your drum or ossicles

88

Ménière disease

Rare disorder of unknown etiology within the labyrinth of the inner ear that can lead to a progressive loss of hearing

89

Serous

Noninfectious inflammation of the middle ear with accumulation of serum (clear fluid)

90

Suppurative

Inflammation of the middle ear with pus formation

91

Otosclerosis

Progressive deafness due to ossification in the bony labyrinth of the inner ear

92

Presbycusis

Impairment of hearing that results from the aging process

93

Tinnitus

Ringing or tinkling noise hears constantly or intermittently in one or both ears, even in quiet environment

94

Vertigo

Sensation of moving around in space or a feeling of dizziness or spinning

95

Tonometry

Procedure used to detect glaucoma that measures intraocluar pressure by determining the resistance of the eyeball to indentation by an applied force

96

Visual acuity test

Standard eye examination to determine the smallest letters a person can read on a snellen chart, or E chart, at 20 feet

97

Audiometry

Test that measures hearing acuity at various sound frequencies

98

Otoscopy

Visual examination of the external auditory canal and the tympanic membrane using an otoscope

99

Pneumatic

Otoscopic procedure that assesses the ability of the tympanic membrane to move in response to a change in air pressure

100

Rinne test

Hearing acuity test performed with a vibrating tuning fork that is first placed on the mastoid process and then in front of the external auditory canal to test bone and air conduction

101

Cataract surgery

Excision of a lens affected by a cataract

102

Phacoemulsification

Excision of the lens by ultrasonic vibrations that break the lens into tiny particles which are suctioned out of the eye also called small incision cataract surgery (SICS)

103

Corneal transplant

Surgical transplantation of a donor cornea from a cadaver into the eye of a recipient also called keratoplasty