Speech & Aphasia Flashcards Preview

aNeuro Exam 3- Lindsey's > Speech & Aphasia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Speech & Aphasia Deck (20):
1

What is the difference btw Broca's and Wernicke's aphasia?

  • Broca's = nonfluent speech but good comprehension
  • Wernicke's = fluent speech but poor comprehension

2

In this disorder, the pt can hear speech but can’t interpret it---similar to listening to a foreign language.

Wernicke’s aphasia

3

What is the difference btw conduction and global aphasia?

  • conduction = fluent speech but good comprehension (damage to Arcuate fasciculus)
  • global = nonfluent speech AND poor comprehension (Perisylvian region)

4

This is an acquired disorder of language caused by brain damage.

aphasia

5

What is global aphasia?

  • the most severe form of aphasia
  • destruction of entire perisylvian language zone
  • essentially no language

6

What is amnesia?

an impairment of recent memory, with deficient new learning

7

What does damage to the Arcuate fasciculus cause?

conduction aphasia

8

Wernicke’s area is in the left posterior superior temporal region in the posterior part of Broadmann’s area ____.

22

9

Wernicke’s area is involved in ______ (but not _____).

auditory comprehension but not audition

10

What is impairment of recent memory, with deficient new learning?

amnesia

11

What is aphasia?

acquired disorder of language caused by brain damage

12

______ is in the left posterior superior temporal region in the posterior part of Broadmann’s area 22

Wernicke’s area

13

Difficulty with repetition is the most salient feature of _____.

Conduction aphasia

14

This is characterized by nonfluent, effortful speech with preserved auditory comprehension.

Broca's aphasia

15

______ is made up of Broadmann’s areas 44 and 45.

Broca’s area

16

Destruction of entire perisylvian language zone results in _____.

global aphasia

17

This is characterized by fluent, paraphasic speech with poor auditory comprehension.

Wernicke’s aphasia

18

Language is represented in the _____ hemisphere in most people.

left

19

Broca’s area is made up of Broadmann’s areas ______.

44 and 45

20

______ is involved in auditory comprehension (but not audition).

Wernicke’s area