Spinal Nerve Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Spinal Nerve Anatomy Deck (95)
1

C1

No sensory axons

2

C2

Back of scalp and adams apple

3

C3

Back of neck and jugular notch

4

C4

Clavicle and shoulder tip

5

C5

Regimental badge patch

6

C6

Thumb

7

C7

Middle Finger

8

T1

Medial forearm

9

T2

Medial arm and sternal angle

10

T3

Above nipple on chest

11

T4

Nipple

12

T5

Between nipple and Unbilicus

13

T6

Between nipple and Unbilicus

14

T7

Between nipple and Unbilicus

15

T8

Xiphoid process

16

T9

Below xiphoid process but above umbilicus

17

T10

Umbilicus

18

T11

Suprapubic area

19

T12

Pubic symphisis

20

L1

Groin/ Hands in pockets

21

L2

Anterior thigh

22

L3

Knee

23

L4

Medial malleous

24

L5

Dorsum of food

25

S1

Heel

26

S2

Posterior knee

27

S3

Buttock

28

S4

Perineum

29

C8

Little finger

30

S5

Perianal skin

31

What are the spinal root levels of the femoral nerve?

L2, L3 and L4

32

What three true dermatomes does the femoral nerve cover?

L2, L3 and L4

33

What makes up the cervical plexus?

Anterior rami of C1, C2, C3 and C4)

34

What do the supraclavicular nerves supply?

the skin over the clavicle and the shoulder tip (remember the referred pain from the diaphragm)

35

What named nerve supplies the skin over the angle of the mandible and some of the external ear?

C2, 3

36

What nerve root is the subcostal nerve from?

T12 spinal nerve

37

What nerve roots make up the axillary nerve?

C5 and C6

38

Which nerve roots make up the musculocutaneous nerve?

C5, C6 and C7

39

Which nerve roots make up the radial nerve?

C6, C7 and C8

40

Which nerve roots make up the ulnar nerve?

C7, C8 and T1

41

Which nerve roots make up the median nerve?

C6, C7, C8 and T1

42

What nerve root is the ilioinguinal nerve from?

L1

43

Which nerve roots make up the genitofemoral nerve?

L1, L2

44

Which nerve roots make up the lateral cutaneous nerve of the thigh?

L2, L3

45

Which nerve roots make up the posterior cutaneous nerve of the thigh?

S1, S2 and S3

46

Which nerve roots make up the obturator nerve?

L2, L3 and L4

47

Which nerve roots make up the saphenous nerve?

L3, L4

48

Which nerve roots make up the superficial fibular nerve?

L4, L5 , S1

49

Which nerve root makes up the deep fibular nerve?

L5

50

Which nerve roots make up the tibial nerve?

L4, L5, S1 and S2

51

Which nerve supplies the muscle of facial expression?

CN VII

52

Which nerve supplies the muscles of mastication?

CN V

53

Which nerve supplies the muscles of the tongue?

CN XII

54

Which nerve supplies the muscles of the soft palate?

Cn X

55

Which nerve supplies the diaphragm?

Phrenic nerve; C3, C4 and C5

56

Which nerve supplies the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles?

CN XI

57

Which nerve supplies the muscles of the pharynx?

CN X

58

Which nerve supplies the intrinsic muscles of the larynx?

CN X

59

Which nerve supplies the intercostal muscles?

Intercostal nerve

60

Which nerve supplies the anterior abdominal wall muscles?

Thoracoabdominal nerves

61

Which nerve supplies the erector spinae and transversospinalis?

Posterior rami of spinal nerves

62

Which nerve supplies the deltoid?

Axillary nerve

63

Which nerve supplies the anterior compartment of the arm?

Musculocutaneous

64

Which nerve supplies the muscles of the anterior forearm?

Median

65

Which nerve supplies the muscles of the posterior compartment of the arm and forearm?

Radial

66

Which structures in the hand are supplies by the median nerve?

LOAF muscles
Lumbricals 1 & 2
Opponens Policis
Abductor pollicis brevis
Flexor pollicis brevis

67

Which nerve supplies the ulnar nerve?

Flexor carpi ulnaris
Flexor pollicis longus
Adductor policis
Hypothenar muscles
Lumbricals 3 & 4
All the interoossei

68

What strutures are supplies by the femoral nerve?

Anterior Thigh (Quadriceps femoris, sartorius and Pectineua)

69

Which nerve supplies the posterior leg?

Sciatic nerve (tibial branch)

70

Which nerve supplies the medial thigh?

Obturator

71

Which nerve supplies the adductor brevis, longus and magnus and gracilis?

Obturator

72

Which nerve supplies the short head of biceps femoris?

Common fibular branch of the sciatic nerve

73

Which nerve supplies the lateral compartment of the leg?

Superficial fibular nerve

74

Which nerve supplies the anterior leg?

Deep fibular nerve

75

Which nerve supplies the dorsum of the foot?

Deep fibular nerve

76

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to abduct their shoulder?

Deltoid muscle supplied by C5

77

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to adduct their shoulder?

Pectoralis major and Latissimus dorsi supplied by C7

78

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to flex at the elbow?

Biceps brachii supplied by C5, C6

79

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to extend the shoulder?

Triceps supplied by C7, C8

80

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to pronate their forearm?

Pronator teres and quadratus supplied by C6

81

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to supinate their forearm?

C8

82

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to flex their wrist?

C6, C7

83

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to extend their wrist?

C7, C8

84

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to grip?

C8

85

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to adduct their fingers?

t1

86

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to extend their fingers?

C7

87

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to abduct their fingers?

T1

88

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to flex their hip?

Psoas major supplied by L2, L3

89

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to extend the hip?

Gluteus maximus and hamstrings L5, S1

90

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to flex at the knee?

L5, S1, hamsrring

91

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to extend at the knee?

L3, L4 quadriceps

92

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to dorsiflex the ankle?

L4, L5 tibialis anterior

93

Which nerve are you testing when you ask the patient to plantar flex the ankle?

S1,2 gastrocnemius and soleus

94

What is a radiculopathy?

A single spinal nerve root lesion

95

What is a sensory mononeuropathy?

A single sensory nerve is involved