Flashcards in Spirits Deck (69):
What temperature does ethyl alcohol boil?
What is the minimum alcohol for vodka in the EU?
What is the tradition base for Korean soju & Japanese Shochu?
Sake, now made from a variety of grains & potatoes
What is awamori?
Okinawan style of shochu, always distilled from rice
Describe the style of London Dry Gin
In addition to juniper berries, it generally contains a noticeable citrus and spice element
E.g. Beefeater, Tanqueray
Today produced in a pot still, sweeter and less alcoholic than London Dry Gin
Juniper and malt are dominate aromatics
Describe Plymouth Gin
Fuller bodied than London Dry Gin and very aromatic
What is Old Tom Gin?
A lightly sweetened gin, rarely encountered today
What is the minimum percentage of corn in Bourbon?
What is "Straight" Bourbon?
Whiskey aged for at least 2 years, without any added colouring or flavouring
Less than 4 years ageing, the distiller must also state the length of ageing in the bottle
Where can Bourbon be produced?
Anywhere in the USA, though Kentucky produces 95% of it
What is "Tennesse Whiskey"?
As of 2013 legislation it must be from Tennessee
Made from minimum 51% corn and aged in new charred oak barrels
Must be filtered through maple charcoal prior to ageing
It is a sour mash whiskey
What is Rye Whiskey?
Minimum 51% Rye, aged in new charred oak barrels for a minimum of 2 years
Producers included Sazerac and Rittenhouse
Produced from min. 8-% corn. May be unaged or aged in used or uncharred new barrels
Name the 5 legal categories of Scotch
What are the minimum requirements for all Scotch Whisky?
Must be produced in Scotland
Distilled twice (or more)
Aged at least 3 years
Must be at least 40% alcohol
Name the 6 regions of Scotch Whiskey Production?
Name the 5 islands of Highland
Which island is Highland Park located?
Which island is Talisker located?
Name the 3 iconic Irish Whiskey distilleriers
New Midleton - producer of Jameson
How is Irish Whiskey produced?
Traditionally triple distilled in a pot still
Today many are produced in a continuous still
Must be aged minimum 3 years before release. Most are at least 7 years
Name Japan's most famous whiskey producer?
Suntory, offering blended and single malt whiskies
Describe Canadian Whiskey?
Generally rye whiskey are blended and must be aged 3 years before sale
No legal requirements to contain higher portions of rye, though most do anyway
Glenora Distillers on Cape Brenton Island of Nova Scotia distills malt whiskey in the Scotish style
What is the EU minimum alcohol and oak ageing for brandy?
36% and 6 months
*May be produced across the world's viticultural regions
Name the 6 areas of Cognac production
Bois Ordinaires (Bois a Terroirs)
What does "Champagne" indicate in Cognac?
Similar soil to Champagne, high chalk content in Grande Champagne & Petite Champagne
Other areas have hard limestone, sand & clay
What is the grape of Cognac?
Ugni Blanc, nearly 98% of vineyard acreage
What type of still is used for Cognac?
Charentais pot still - Twice distilled
- 1st - produces 28-32% called Brouillis
- 2nd - bonne chaffe
What are the ageing designations for Cognac?
VS - 2 years in cask
VSOP - 4 years in cask
XO - 6 years in cask
Vinatge - now legal but rare
What does "Fine Champagne" indicate?
Wines must be entirely from Grande Champagne and Petite Champagne. Grande Champagne must compose at least 50% of the blend.
Name the 3 regions of Armagnac production
What are the 4 main grapes of Armagnac?
Folle Blanche (Picpoul)
Baco Blanc - only hybrid grape authorised in any French AOP
How is Armagnac distilled?
Most are distilled in 1 distillation in a copper continuous still (95%)
It can be distilled in 2 distillations in a Charentais pot still
What is Blanche Armagnac?
A clear spirit bottled after 3 months in an inert container
What are the ageing requirements for Cognac?
VS/*** - 1-3 years in cask
VSOP - 4-9 years in cask
XO or Hors d'Age - min. 10 years in cask
Vintage - min. 10 years in cask
Name the 3 "Fine de" brandies produced in France
Fine de Bordeaux
Fine de Bourgogne
Fine de la Marne
What is the most important Spanish Brandy?
Brandy de Jerez, Andalucia
What type of still is used for Brandy de Jerez? What grapes are used?
Alquitaras, copper stills
Airen and Palomino grapes
What are the ageing designations for Brandy de Jerez?
Solera - 1 year average age
Solera Reserva - 3 years average age
Gran Reserva - 10 years average age
What is Pisco?
A brandy produced in Chile and Peru, not aged in wood
Give 3 examples of pomace spirits
Marc - France
Grappa - Italy
Bagaceira - Portugal
What do riserva, stravecchia, vecchia or invecchiata indicate on a bottle of Grappa?
Aged in wood
What is an eaux de vie?
Not technically brandy. produced from various fruits
What are the 3 delimited appellations of Calvados?
Calvados Pays d'Auge
What are the ageing requirements for Calvados & Calvados Pays d'Auge?
Fine/Trois Etoiles/Trois Pommes/VS - min. 2 years
Vieux/Reserve - min. 3 years
VO/VSOP/Vieille Reserve - min. 4 years
Hors d'Ages/XO/Tres Vieille Reserve/Tres Vieux/Extra/Napoleon - min. 6 years
Minimum ageing for Calvados Domfrontais
Vieux/Reserve - min. 3 years
Name the base fruit of Kirsch
Name the base fruit of Poire William
Name the base fruit of Framboise
Name the base fruit of Slivovitz, Mirabelle, Quetsch & Prunelle
Name the base fruit of Boukha
Name the base fruit ofBarack Palinka
What fruit can be used in Calvados production?
Apples & pears
Minimum perry in Calvados Domfrontais
Name the 4 major styles of rum
Where is Demerara rum produced?
Guyana, distilled from molasses
What type of rum is Cachaca?
Light rum, produced in Brazil
Where is Rhum agricole produced?
Mainly on Martinique, Island in the Caribbean
*Technically, Martinique AOC is the southernmost french appellation
What state of Mexico is Tequila located?
Name the 5 regions of Tequila production
What are the ageing categories for Tequila?
Blanco/silver - bottled immediately
Resposado - 60 days to 1 year
Anejo - 1 to 3 years
Extra Anejo - min. 3 years
What is the main state for Mezcal production
What are the 2 main agaves for Mezcal?
5 possible additive categories for bitters
What are wine-based bitters?
Wine base combined with spirits, herbs, spices and plants
Often referred to as aromatized spirits
What are the 2 styles of vermouth?
French style, usually dry or very dry with a light golden colour
Italian style, relatively sweet and usually deep re or amber in colour
Name the 6 key producers of Vermouth
Cinzano - Italian style
Nolly Prat - French Style
Martini & Rossi - Turin, Italy
Capano Antica - Turin, Italy
Put e Mes - Milan, Italy
Dolin Chambery - Savoie, France