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Flashcards in Spirits Deck (69):
1

What temperature does ethyl alcohol boil?

78*C

2

What is the minimum alcohol for vodka in the EU?

37.5%

3

What is the tradition base for Korean soju & Japanese Shochu?

Sake, now made from a variety of grains & potatoes

4

What is awamori?

Okinawan style of shochu, always distilled from rice

5

Describe the style of London Dry Gin

In addition to juniper berries, it generally contains a noticeable citrus and spice element
E.g. Beefeater, Tanqueray

6

Describe Genever

Today produced in a pot still, sweeter and less alcoholic than London Dry Gin
Juniper and malt are dominate aromatics

7

Describe Plymouth Gin

Fuller bodied than London Dry Gin and very aromatic

8

What is Old Tom Gin?

A lightly sweetened gin, rarely encountered today

9

What is the minimum percentage of corn in Bourbon?

51%

10

What is "Straight" Bourbon?

Whiskey aged for at least 2 years, without any added colouring or flavouring
Less than 4 years ageing, the distiller must also state the length of ageing in the bottle

11

Where can Bourbon be produced?

Anywhere in the USA, though Kentucky produces 95% of it

12

What is "Tennesse Whiskey"?

As of 2013 legislation it must be from Tennessee
Made from minimum 51% corn and aged in new charred oak barrels
Must be filtered through maple charcoal prior to ageing
It is a sour mash whiskey

13

What is Rye Whiskey?

Minimum 51% Rye, aged in new charred oak barrels for a minimum of 2 years
Producers included Sazerac and Rittenhouse

14

Describe"Corn Whiskey"?

Produced from min. 8-% corn. May be unaged or aged in used or uncharred new barrels

15

Name the 5 legal categories of Scotch

Single Malt
Single Grain
Blended Malt
Blended Grain
Blended

16

What are the minimum requirements for all Scotch Whisky?

Must be produced in Scotland
Distilled twice (or more)
Aged at least 3 years
Must be at least 40% alcohol

17

Name the 6 regions of Scotch Whiskey Production?

Highland
Lowland
Speyside
Islay
Campbeltown

18

Name the 5 islands of Highland

Skye
Jura
Mull
Arran
Orkney

19

Which island is Highland Park located?

Orkney

20

Which island is Talisker located?

Skye

21

Name the 3 iconic Irish Whiskey distilleriers

Old Bushmills
Cooley
New Midleton - producer of Jameson

22

How is Irish Whiskey produced?

Traditionally triple distilled in a pot still
Today many are produced in a continuous still
Must be aged minimum 3 years before release. Most are at least 7 years

23

Name Japan's most famous whiskey producer?

Suntory, offering blended and single malt whiskies

24

Describe Canadian Whiskey?

Generally rye whiskey are blended and must be aged 3 years before sale
No legal requirements to contain higher portions of rye, though most do anyway
Glenora Distillers on Cape Brenton Island of Nova Scotia distills malt whiskey in the Scotish style

25

What is the EU minimum alcohol and oak ageing for brandy?

36% and 6 months
*May be produced across the world's viticultural regions

26

Name the 6 areas of Cognac production

Grande Champagne
Petite Champagne
Borderies
Fin Bois
Bon Bois
Bois Ordinaires (Bois a Terroirs)

27

What does "Champagne" indicate in Cognac?

Similar soil to Champagne, high chalk content in Grande Champagne & Petite Champagne
Other areas have hard limestone, sand & clay

28

What is the grape of Cognac?

Ugni Blanc, nearly 98% of vineyard acreage
Folle Blanche
Colombard

29

What type of still is used for Cognac?

Charentais pot still - Twice distilled
- 1st - produces 28-32% called Brouillis
- 2nd - bonne chaffe

30

What are the ageing designations for Cognac?

VS - 2 years in cask
VSOP - 4 years in cask
XO - 6 years in cask
Vinatge - now legal but rare

31

What does "Fine Champagne" indicate?

Wines must be entirely from Grande Champagne and Petite Champagne. Grande Champagne must compose at least 50% of the blend.

32

Name the 3 regions of Armagnac production

Haut-Armagnac
Bas-Armagnac
Armagnac-Tenareze

33

What are the 4 main grapes of Armagnac?

Ugni Blanc
Colombard
Folle Blanche (Picpoul)
Baco Blanc - only hybrid grape authorised in any French AOP

34

How is Armagnac distilled?

Most are distilled in 1 distillation in a copper continuous still (95%)
It can be distilled in 2 distillations in a Charentais pot still

35

What is Blanche Armagnac?

A clear spirit bottled after 3 months in an inert container

36

What are the ageing requirements for Cognac?

VS/*** - 1-3 years in cask
VSOP - 4-9 years in cask
XO or Hors d'Age - min. 10 years in cask
Vintage - min. 10 years in cask

37

Name the 3 "Fine de" brandies produced in France

Fine de Bordeaux
Fine de Bourgogne
Fine de la Marne

38

What is the most important Spanish Brandy?

Brandy de Jerez, Andalucia

39

What type of still is used for Brandy de Jerez? What grapes are used?

Alquitaras, copper stills
Airen and Palomino grapes

40

What are the ageing designations for Brandy de Jerez?

Solera - 1 year average age
Solera Reserva - 3 years average age
Gran Reserva - 10 years average age

41

What is Pisco?

A brandy produced in Chile and Peru, not aged in wood

42

Give 3 examples of pomace spirits

Marc - France
Grappa - Italy
Bagaceira - Portugal

43

What do riserva, stravecchia, vecchia or invecchiata indicate on a bottle of Grappa?

Aged in wood

44

What is an eaux de vie?

Not technically brandy. produced from various fruits

45

What are the 3 delimited appellations of Calvados?

Calvados
Calvados Domfrontais
Calvados Pays d'Auge

46

What are the ageing requirements for Calvados & Calvados Pays d'Auge?

Fine/Trois Etoiles/Trois Pommes/VS - min. 2 years
Vieux/Reserve - min. 3 years
VO/VSOP/Vieille Reserve - min. 4 years
Hors d'Ages/XO/Tres Vieille Reserve/Tres Vieux/Extra/Napoleon - min. 6 years

47

Minimum ageing for Calvados Domfrontais

Vieux/Reserve - min. 3 years

48

Name the base fruit of Kirsch

Black cherries

49

Name the base fruit of Poire William

Pear

50

Name the base fruit of Framboise

Raspberry

51

Name the base fruit of Slivovitz, Mirabelle, Quetsch & Prunelle

Plum

52

Name the base fruit of Boukha

Fig

53

Name the base fruit ofBarack Palinka

Apricot

54

What fruit can be used in Calvados production?

Apples & pears

55

Minimum perry in Calvados Domfrontais

30%

56

Name the 4 major styles of rum

Light rum
Dark rum
Demerara rum
Rhum agricole

57

Where is Demerara rum produced?

Guyana, distilled from molasses

58

What type of rum is Cachaca?

Light rum, produced in Brazil

59

Where is Rhum agricole produced?

Mainly on Martinique, Island in the Caribbean
*Technically, Martinique AOC is the southernmost french appellation

60

What state of Mexico is Tequila located?

Jalisco

61

Name the 5 regions of Tequila production

Jalisco
Guanajuato
Tamaulipas
Nayarit
Michoacan

62

What are the ageing categories for Tequila?

Blanco/silver - bottled immediately
Resposado - 60 days to 1 year
Anejo - 1 to 3 years
Extra Anejo - min. 3 years

63

What is the main state for Mezcal production

Oaxaca

64

What are the 2 main agaves for Mezcal?

Maguey
Espadin

65

5 possible additive categories for bitters

Spice
Herbes
Roots
Fruits
Botanicals

66

What are wine-based bitters?

Wine base combined with spirits, herbs, spices and plants
Often referred to as aromatized spirits

67

What are the 2 styles of vermouth?

French style, usually dry or very dry with a light golden colour
Italian style, relatively sweet and usually deep re or amber in colour

68

Name the 6 key producers of Vermouth

Cinzano - Italian style
Nolly Prat - French Style
Martini & Rossi - Turin, Italy
Capano Antica - Turin, Italy
Put e Mes - Milan, Italy
Dolin Chambery - Savoie, France

69

Name 3 aromatized wines

Lillet - French aperitif wine
Dubonnet - Invented in Paris
Byrrh - Roussillon, France