Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, and Spondylolisthesis Flashcards Preview

Spinal Exam 2 > Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, and Spondylolisthesis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, and Spondylolisthesis Deck (28):
1

What is the definition of spondlosis

a vertebral condition

2

What is the definition of spondylolysis

a vertebral separation condition

3

what is the definition of spondylolisthesis

a vertebral slippage

4

what is the current limited definition of spondylosis

a vertebral condition that is acquired or age-related

5

What is the location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in spinal 2

a separation along the pars interarticularis (defect in the pars interarticularis or pars defect)

6

what is the incidence of spondylolysis in the general population

a range of 2.6%-10%

7

what is the geographic or ethnic bias for a higher incidence of spondylolysis

the native alaskan or inuit population

8

wht does lumbar spondylolysis appear to be related to

the uniquely human upright stance or erect posture

9

what is the gender bias and locational bias associated with lumbar spondylolysis

men at L5/S1; women at L4/L5

10

What is the geographic or ethnic bias for a higher incidence of spondylolysis

the native alaskan or Inuit population

11

lumbar spndylolysis has not been reported in what groups of individuals

fetuses, newborns, rarely in children under five years old, patients who have never walked and in non erect species

12

lumbar spondylolysis is associated with what characteristics

familial association, spina bifida occulta, racial/ethnic disparities, gender and locational bias, youthful incidence and activities requiring repetitive stress on the spine

13

What is the age range typically associated with lumbar spondylolysis

10-20 year olds

14

What activities are particularly stressful at the pars interarticularis of lumbar vertebrae

gymnastics, dance, soccer

15

what fills the space in a lumbar spondylolysis

fibrocartilagenous material

16

what name has been given to the material filling the space in a lumbar spondylolysis

spondylolysis ligament

17

what types of neural functions have been associated with the spondylolysis ligament

nociception, neuromodulation and autonomic function

18

what is the appearance of the lumbar vertebrae on oblique x-ray

a scotty dog

19

what is the appearance of a spondylolysis in a lumbar vertebrae upon oblique x-ray

a collared scotty dog

20

waht is the appearance of a spondylolysis below the superior articular process of a lumbar pars interarticularis is associated with what part of the scotty dog

the neck of the scotty dog

21

what part of a lumbar vertebra forms the eye of the scotty dog

the pedicle

22

what part of a lumbar vertebra forms the ear of a scotty dog

the superior articular facet

23

what part of the lumbar vertebra forms the nose of a scotty dog

the transverse process

24

hwat characteristics are associated with cervical spondylolysis

rare, congenital, gender bias is toward men, most common at C6 and linked to spondylolisthesis and spina bifida

25

What characteristics are associated with sacral spondylolysis

rare in the general population, within typial percents in the native Alaskan (inuit) population, seems to be acquired, gender biased is toward men, most common at S1 and linked to activities such as kayaking and harpooning

26

what is the incidence of sacral spondylolysis in the general population

its rare

27

is sacral spondylolysis the result of congenital conditions, acquired conditions or an age-related condition

it seems to be acquired

28

what is the ethnic, gender, and locational bias associated with sacral spondylolysis

the native Alaskan (inuit) population male at the S1 level