Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, Spondylolisthesis Flashcards Preview

Spinal Anatomy > Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, Spondylolisthesis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, Spondylolisthesis Deck (37):
1

What is the definition of spondylosis?

Vertebral condition

2

What is the definition of spondylolysis?

Vertebral separation or vertebral cleavage

3

What is the definition of spondylolisthesis?

Vertebral slippage

4

What is the current limited definition of spondylosis

Vertebral condition that is acquired or age-related

5

What is the location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in Spinal 2?

Separation along the pars interarticularis (defect in the pars interarticularis or pars defect)

6

What is the incidence of spondylolysis in the general population?

Range of 2.6% to 10%

7

What is the geographic or ethnic bias for a higher incidence of spondylolysis?

Native Alaskan (Inuit) population

8

What does lumbar spondylolysis appear to be related to?

Uniquely human upright stance or erect posture

9

What is the gender bias and locational bias associated with lumbar spondylolysis?

Men at L5/S1
Women at L4/L5

10

Lumbar spondylolysis has not been reported in what groups of individuals?

Fetuses
Newborns
Rarely in children under 5 years old
Patients who have never walked
Non-erect species

11

Lumbar spondylolysis is associated with what characteristics?

Familial association
Spina bifida occulta
Racial/ethnic disparities
Gender and locational bias
Youthful incidence
Activities requiring repetitive stress on the spine

12

What is the age range typically associated with lumbar spondylolysis?

10-20 years old

13

What activities are particularly stressful at the pars interarticularis of lumbar vertebrae?

Gymnastics
Dance
Soccer

14

What fills the space in a lumbar spondylolysis?

Hyperextension coupled with rotation

15

What has been given to the material filling the space in a lumbar spondylolysis?

Spondylolysis ligament

16

What types of neural functions have been associated with the spondylolysis ligament?

Nociception
Neuromodulation
Autonomic function

17

What is the appearance of the lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

Scotty dog

18

What is the appearance of a spondylolysis in a lumbar vertebra upon oblique x-ray view?

Collared Scotty dog

19

In oblique x-ray, spondylolysis below the superior articular process of a lumbar pars interarticularis is associated with what part of the Scotty dog?

Neck of the Scotty dog

20

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the eye of the Scotty dog?

Pedicle

21

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the ear of the Scotty dog?

Superior articular process

22

What part of the lumbar vertebra forms the nose of the Scotty dog?

Transverse process

23

What characteristics are associated with cervical spondylolysis?

Rare, congenital, gender biased towards men, most common at C6 and linked to spondylolisthesis and spina bifida

24

What characteristics are associated with sacral spondylolysis?

Rare in general population
Typical percents in the native Alaskan (Inuit) population
Acquired
Gender biased towards men
Most common at S1
Linked to activities such as kayaking and harpooning

25

What is the incidence of sacral spondylolysis in the general population?

Rare

26

Is sacral spondylolysis the result of congenital conditions, acquired conditions or an age-related conditions?

Acquired

27

What is the ethnic, gender, and locational bias associated with sacral spondylolysis?

Native Alaskan (Inuit) male at S1 level

28

Identify all names given to type III spondylolisthesis?

Degenerative spondylolisthesis

29

What is the locational bias of type I spondylolisthesis?

L5 or upper sacral segments

30

What additional conditions are linked to type I spondylolisthesis?

Spina bifida occulta
Nerve root compression of the S1 nerve

31

Which subtype of type II spondylolisthesis is stressed in Spinal II?

Lytic spondylolisthesis or stress fracture induced spondylolisthesis

32

What is the cause most frequently given for type II spondylolisthesis?

Microfractures as the result of repetitive stress during hyperflexion and rotation

33

What is the age group typically associated with type II spondylolisthesis?

Teenagers or young adults

34

What gender bias, locational bias, ans spinal canal dimensions are associated with type II spondylolisthesis?

Isthmic spondylolisthesis is common to men, located at the L5/S1 level and demonstrates an increase in sagittal diameter of the spinal cord

35

What is the gender bias, locational bias, and spinal canal dimension changes often associated with type III spondylolisthesis?

Degenerative spondylolisthesis is more common in women, particularly at L4/L5, and demonstrates no change in sagittal diameter of the spinal canal

36

What causes type IV spondylolisthesis

Fracture of the neural arch components

37

What are the causes associated with type V spondylolisthesis?

Bone diseases such as Paget disease or osteogenesis imperfecta