Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, Spondylolisthesis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, Spondylolisthesis Deck (56):
1

What is the definition of spondylosis?

A vertebral condition

2

What is the definition of spondylolysis?

Vertebral separation or vertebral cleavage

3

What is the definition of spondylosisthesis?

Vertebral slippage

4

What is the current limited definition of spondylosis?

A vertebral condition that is acquired or age-related

5

What are some of the causes of spondylolysis?

Congenital, acquired during development, the result of aging, or the result of trauma

6

What is the location of spondylolysis that will be stressed in spinal?

A separation along the pars interarticualtion (defect in the pars interarticularis or pars defect)

7

What specific parts of a vertebra are separated as a result of a pars defect?

The vertebral body, pedicle, and articular process are separated from the other articular process, lamina and spinous process

8

What are the anterior elements of the vertebra?

Vertebral body and pedicel, and articular process (the intervertebral disc is also indicated when looking at a vertebral couple)

9

What are the posterior elements of the vertebra?

The other articular process, lamina, and spinous process

10

What is the incidence of spondylolysis in the general population?

A range of 2.6-10%

11

Lumbar spondylolysis has not been reported in what groups of individuals?

Fetuses, newborns, rarely in children under 5, patients who have never walked and in non-erect species

12

Lumbar spondylolysis only been reported in what types of species>

Those species that walk erect; humans

13

What does lumbar spondylolysis appear to be relate to?

The uniquely human upright stance or erect posture

14

What is the gender bias and locational bias associated with lumbar sondylolysis?

Men at L5/S1 and women at L4/L5

15

What is the age range typically associated with lumbar spondylolysis?

10-20 year olds

16

What motions(s) is particularly associates with lumbar spondylolysis?

Hyperextension couple with rotation

17

What fills the space in a lumbar sondylolysis?

Fibrocartilagenous material

18

What types of neural function(s) have been associated with the lumbar spondylolysis?

Nociception, neurodulation and autonomic function

19

What is the appearance of a pars defect in lumbar vertebra upon oblique X-Ray view?

A Scotty dog

20

What is the appearance of a pars defect in a lumbar vertebra upon oblique X-Ray view?

A collared Scotty dog

21

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the neck of a Scotty dog?

The pars interarticularis below the superior articular process

22

In an oblique X-Ray, spondylolysis below the superior articular process of a lumbar pars interarticularis is associated with what part of the Scotty dog?

The neck of the Scotty dog

23

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the eye of a Scotty dog?

The pedicle

24

What part of a lumbar vertebra forms the ear of the Scotty dog?

The superior articular like process

25

What parts of a lumbar vertebra forms the nose of a Scotty dog?

The TVP

26

What characteristics are associated with cervical spondylolysis?

Rare, congenital, gender biased towards men, most common at C6 and linked to spondylolisthesis and spina bifida

27

What characteristics are associates with sacral spondylolysis?

Rare in the general population, within typical per cents in the native Alaskan (Inuit) population, seems to e acquired, gender biased tword men, most common at S1 and linked to activities such as kayaking and harpooning

28

What ethnic groups is associated with a high incidence of sacral sondylolysis?

The native Alaskan (Inuit) population

29

Is sacral spondylolysis the result of congenital conditions, acquired conditions or an age-related conditions?

It seems to be acquired

30

What gender bias is associated with sacral spondylolysis?

Gender bias toward men

31

What vertebral level is associated with sacral spondylolysis?

Most common at S1

32

What cities are associated with sacral spondylolysis?

Kayaking and harpooning

33

What is the ethnic, gender, and locational bias associated with sacral sondylolysis?

The native Alaskan (Inuit) make at S1 level

34

What vertebral condition results in spondylolisthesis?

Bilateral spondylolysis

35

What is the direction of sondylolisthesis?

Anterior or forward displacement

36

What is the posterior direction of vertebral slippage called?

Retrospondylolisthesis or retrolisthesis

37

ID all names given to type I spondylolisthesis?

Displastic spondylolisthesis, congenital spondylolisthesis

38

ID all names given to type II spondylolisthesis?

Isthmic spondylolisthesis

39

ID all names given to type III spondylolisthesis?

Degenerative spondylolisthesis

40

ID all names given to type IV spondylolisthesis?

Traumatic spondylolisthesis?

41

ID all names given to type V spondylolisthesis?

Pathologic spondylolisthesis

42

What is the locational bias of type I spondylolisthesis?

L5 or upper sacral segments

43

What additional conditions are linked to type I spondylolisthesis?

Spina bifida occult and nerve root compression of the S1 nerve

44

Which subtype of type II spondylolisthesis is stressed in Spinal?

Lytic spondylolisthesis or stress fracture induced spondylolisthesis

45

What is the cause most frequently given for type II spondylolisthesis?

Microfractures as the result of repetitive stress during hyperflexion and rotation

46

What is the age group typically associated with type II spondylolisthesis?

Teenagers or young adults

47

What gender bias, locational bias, ans spinal canal dimensions are associated with type II spondylolisthesis?

Isthmic spondylolisthesis is common in men, located at the L5/S1 level and demonstrates an increase in Sagittal diameter of the spinal canal

48

What conditions are often associated with type III spondylolisthesis?

Degenerative spondylolisthesis is often associated with osteoarthritis, intervertebral disc degeneration, ligament laxity and articular facet remodeling

49

What is the gender bias, locational bias, and spinal canal dimension changes often associated with type III spondylolisthesis?

Degenerative spondylolisthesis is more common in women, particularly at L4/L5, and demonstrates no change in Sagittal diameter of the spinal canal

50

What are the cause(s) associated with type V spondylolisthesis?

Bone diseases such as paget disease or osteogenesis imperfecta

51

What is the geographic or ethnic bias for a higher incidence of spondylolysis?

The native Alaskan (Inuit) population

52

What activities are particularly stressful at the pars interarticularis of lumbar vertebrae?

Gymnastics, dance, soccer

53

What is the appearance of a pars defect in a lumbar vertebra upon oblique X-Ray view?

A collared scotty dog

54

What is the incidence of sacral spondylolysis in the general population?

It's rare

55

What activities are associated with sacral spondylolysis?

Kayaking and harpooning

56

What casues type IV spondylolisthesis?

Fracture of the neural arch components