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Flashcards in Sports Medicine Deck (46):
1

Dislocation

Displacement of a bone at a joint

2

Diuretics

Drugs that increase the amount of fluid passing from the body

3

Fracture

A break in the bone

4

Hard tissue injury

Damage to the bone and teeth

5

Human growth hormone

Naturally occurring substance that increases the rate at which amino acid are transported to muscle cells

6

Immobilisation

Restricts movement in the injured area by using splints and bandages

7

Indirect injuries

Caused by intrinsic forces

8

Overuse injuries

Caused by overuse of specific body regions over extended period of time

9

Soft tissue injuries

Injuries to all tissue

10

Sprains

An injury from stretching or tearing a ligament

11

Steroids

Derivatives of testosterone and cause development of masculine characteristics

12

Strains

Occur when a muscle or tendon is stretched or torn

13

Stress fractures

Small incomplete bone fractures caused by repeated pounding

14

Contusion

A bruise

15

Haemotoma

Blood Tumour

16

Inflammatory response

Soft tissue damage activates self healing process

17

Managing injury

R.I.C.E.R
rest, ice, compression, elevation, referral

18

Assessing injury

T.O.T.A.P.S
talk, observe, touch, active movement, passive movement, skill test

19

Subluxation

Bone pops out and quickly returns to place

20

Hyperthermia

Body heat loss far in excess of body heat gain

21

Osteoporosis

Deterioration in the bone structure and increases risk of bone fractures

22

Prophylactic taping

Aims at preventing an injury

23

Taping for isolation

After an injury and throughout rehabilitation process

24

Progressive mobilisation

Gradually extending range of movement

25

Conditioning

Adapting the body to a range of agility strength and power skills

26

Thermotherapy

Application of heat in various forms to the injury

27

Erythropoietin

Natural hormone that stimulates red blood cell production

28

Direct injuries

Caused by an external factor force applied to the body

29

Indirect injuries

Caused by agents within the body
E.g sprained ankle ligament

30

Overuse injuries

Caused by excessive use and strain on body part
E.g tennis elbow

31

Ligament

Attaches bone to bone

32

Tendon

Attaches bone to muscle

33

Tears

Occur when ligaments and tendons are stressed beyond normal range of movement

34

Skin abrasions

Occur when player falls and scarves there skin across rough ground or surface

35

Lacerations

Are much deeper injuries then skin abrasions and expose underlying skin tissue

36

Blisters

Occur as a result of the skin rubbing up on another surface

37

Callus

Forms in areas that undergo continual friction. Tough and inflexible skin surrounds the callus

38

Immediate treatment of skin injuries

Danger - to the patient or first aider

Bleeding- needs to be controlled immediately

Assessment- of skin injury will determine whether it's a simple injury

Cleansing- of the skin injury using clean water, saline

Antiseptic- shld be applied to the skin

Dressings- can be adhesive, aren't allowed to become damp

Referral - to the doctor if complex injury

39

Closed fracture

One which does not pierce the skin

40

Open fracture

Broken bone pierces the skin

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Complicated fracture

Bone disturbs tissues and organs

42

Signs & symptoms of hard tissue injury

Pain & tenderness at the site of injury

Poor or decreased mobility or site of injury

Deformity or irregular alignment of limb

Swelling of the area

43

Quick on field assessment for a fracture

S - stops the athlete from participating
T - talk to the athlete and ask them questions
O - observe the injured site for any deformities/bruising
P- problem, if it be a fracture seek medical attention

44

Medical treatment is important when the following are present...

Severe bleeding
Severe pain to touch
Deformity of joints/limbs
Loss of movement to joints or limbs
Any suspected dislocation
If in doubt, check it out

45

Medical conditions in children and young athletes

Asthma
Diabetes
Epilepsy
Overuse injuries
Thermoregulation
Matching opponents
Resistance training

46

Medical conditions for adults and aged athletes

Heath conditions
Bone density
Flexibility and joint mobility