Stage 24 Flashcards Preview

Cambridge Latin Cumulative Vocabulary > Stage 24 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Stage 24 Deck (55):
1

auctōritās, auctōritātis, f.

1. support, backing
2. warrant
3. sanction, political sanction
4. power conferred, decree, order, rights, command
5. responsibility, opinion, judgment
6. legal title
7. influence, **authority**, prestige, reputation
8. influential person

2

audāx m.f.n., audācis

1. **bold, daring**

3

carcer, carceris, m.

1. **prison, jail**
2. jailbird
3. traps (barriers at start of a horse race)
4. commencement, beginning

4

comprehendō, comprehendere, comprehendī, comprehensum

1. I lay hold of something on all sides; take or catch hold of, grasp, grip.
2. I seize upon in a hostile manner, lay hold of; occupy, capture (of a place); **arrest**, detain, apprehend, catch.
3. (to a crime or deed) I discover, detect, come upon, reveal.
4. I intercept a letter.
5. (of plants) I take root, take hold.
6. (of a woman) I become pregnant, conceive.
7. (of space) I contain, comprise, enclose, include, comprehend.
8. (with ignem) I catch (fire).
9. (Late Latin, of medicines) I combine, unite.
10. (figuratively) I comprehend by sense of sight, perceive, observe, see.
11. (figuratively) I comprehend something by the mind, understand, perceive, grasp, comprehend.
12. (figuratively) I include or comprehend in words, comprise in discourse, express, describe, recount, narrate.
13. (figuratively) I number, enumerate, reckon.
14. (figuratively) I comprehend someone in affection, embrace with kindness, bind or put under obligation.
15. (figuratively, Late Latin) I shut in, include.

5

cōnscendō, cōnscendere, cōnscendī, cōnscensum

1. I climb up, ascend or scale.
2. **I climb on, mount (a horse)**
3. I board (a ship).

6

cum (+ subjunctive)

1. **when**
2. because
3. although

7

dēscendō, dēscendere, dēscendī, dēscensum

1. I climb down, **to go or come down**, to descend
2. I march down
3. I pierce, to penetrate
4. I slope down (said of mountains)
5. I sink (said of the voice)
6. I lower oneself, to stoop

8

dēserō, dēserere, dēseruī, dēsertum

1. I leave, depart, **to desert**, quit
2. I forsake, abandon, give up
3. I let down

9

eques, equitis, m.

1. A **horseman**, rider
2. A knight
3. (Later Latin, chess) knight

10

flūmen, flūminis, n.

1. **river**

11

humī (not comparable)

1. **on the ground**.
2. to the ground.

12

īnfestus, īnfesta, īnfestum

1. unsafe, dangerous
2. **hostile**
3. disturbed, molested, infested

13

intereā (not comparable)

1. **meanwhile**

14

neque (conjunction)

1. and not, also not

15

neque ... neque (conjunction)

1. **neither ... nor**

16

nusquam (not comparable)

1. **nowhere**

17

oppugnō, oppugnāre, oppugnāvī, oppugnātum

1. **I attack**, assault.
2. I storm, besiege.

18

passus, passa, passum

1. **having suffered**

19

patefaciō, patefacere, patefēcī, patefactum. (irregular passive)

1. I open, throw open
2. (figuratively) I disclose, bring to light, **reveal, make public**

20

perfidus, perfida, perfidum

1. That breaks his promise; faithless, false, dishonest, **treacherous, untrustworthy**, perfidious, deceitful.
2. (by extension) Treacherous, unsafe, dangerous.

21

pōns, pontis, m.

1. **a bridge**

22

rīpa, rīpae, f.

1. **bank (of a river)**
2. **shore (of the sea)**

23

tantum (not comparable)

1. **only**, so much, so great, so many

24

trānseō, trānsīre, trānsiī, trānsitum (irregular)

1. **I traverse, go across.**
2. I go over (to a side or faction)
3. I pass over.
4. I surpass, exceed.
5. (of time) I pass, elapse.
6. (figuratively) I cease, pass away.

25

trīstis m.f., trīste n.

1. **sad**, unhappy, melancholy, morose
2. sorrowful, mournful
3. (of taste) disagreeable, harsh, bitter
4. (of smell) foul, offensive

26

vērum, vērī, n.

1. reality, fact, **the truth**

27

altus, alta, altum

1. **high**
2. **deep**

28

sēmirutus, sēmiruta, sēmirutum

1. **half-demolished or ruined** (rickety)

29

caballus, caballī, m.

1. **horse; nag**
2. A pack-horse, jade, hack

30

labefaciō, labefacere, labefēcī, labefactum

1. I cause to totter, shake, loosen, make ready to fall.
2. (figuratively, of a person's mind) I cause to waver, shake, weaken.
3. (figuratively) **I weaken**; overthrow, ruin, destroy.

31

elapsus, elapsa, elapsum

1. **having escaped**

32

quidem (postpositive)

1. **indeed**

33

crīmen, crīminis, n.

1. A judicial decision, verdict, judgment or judgement.
2. An object of reproach, invective.
3. An object representing a crime.
4. A cause of a crime; criminal.
5. The crime of lewdness; adultery.
6. (in respect to the accuser) A charge, accusation, reproach; calumny, slander.
7. **(in respect to the accused) The fault one is accused of; crime, misdeed, offence, fault**

34

māiestās, māiestātis, f.

1. majesty
2. **treason**

35

īnferō, īnferre, intulī, illātum (irregular)

1. I carry, bring, put or throw into or to somewhere or upon something; insert; set fire to; offer, sacrifice.
2. I bring to a place for burial, bury, inter.
3. (of a tribute or tax) I pay, furnish.
4. (military) I advance, march, move forward.
5. (military) I bear the standards against the enemy, attack, make an attack upon.
6. (figuratively) I **bring forward, bring against**, introduce; produce, occasion, make; conclude; import.
7. (figuratively, with dative) I cause, inflict, impose.

36

inclūsus, inclūsa, inclūsum

1. confined, enclosed
2. bound, restrained
3. included, incorporated
4. **shut up, imprisoned**

37

omnīnō (not comparable)

1. entirely, utterly altogether, wholly, **completely**
2. (with negatives or numerals) at all, in all, altogether, only, but, just

38

dīligō, dīligere, dīlēxī, dīlēctum

1. I esteem, love, have regard for, **be fond of**.

39

"nōbīs festīnandum est"

1. ""we must hurry"

40

Define and give the comparative and superlative of:

ulter, ultra, ultrum

Definition: beyond

Comparative: ulterior m.f., ulterius n. (farther away)

Superlative: ultimus, -a, -um (furthest)

41

potestas, potestātis, f.

1. power, ability
2. mastery, control
3. authority, jurisdiction
4. **dominion, political power**
5. right, legal power
6. (of a word) meaning
7. possibility, opportunity

42

fīdus, fīda, fīdum

1. trusty, **trustworthy**, credible
2. loyal, faithful
3. steadfast
4. certain, safe

43

praetereō, praeterīre, praeteriī, praeteritum. (irregular)

1. **I pass or go by**
2. I disregard, neglect, omit or miss
3. I surpass or excel

44

pālus, pālī, m.

1. **stake, post**, prop, stay, pale

45

furtum, furtī, n.

1. **theft, robbery**

46

committō, committere, commīsī, commissum

1. **I commit**.
2. I begin.
3. I carry on.
4. I commence (a battle).

47

haesitō, haesitāre, haesitāvī, haesitātum

1. I remain fixed in place.
2. **I hesitate**; I am uncertain.

48

prior m.f., prius n. (comparative)

Definitions:
1. former, previous, prior
2. **in front**
3. (figuratively) better, superior
4. (substantive, Medieval Latin) abbot, prior

Superlative: prīmus (first)

49

clam (not comparable)

1. **clandestinely, secretly, privately**
2. stealthily

50

grōma, grōmae, f.

1. **A Roman surveying instrument** having plumb lines hanging from four arms at right angles
2. the centre of a military camp (marked by such an instrument)

51

pavimentum, pavimentī, n.

1. a floor composed of small stones beaten down
2. **The surface of a Roman road**

52

agger, aggeris, m.

1. **rampart**, bulwark (or the materials used to make one)
2. causeway, pier, dam, dyke

53

dīplōma, dīplōmatis, n.

1. **letter of recommendation**

54

mūtātiō, mūtātiōnis, f.

1. change, alteration
2. **interchange, exchange, posting station**

55

mansiō, mansiōnis, f.

1. An act or instance of staying, remaining; stay, continuance.
2. A dwelling, abode, habitation, home.
3. **(on a journey) A stopping place or halting place, station**; stage.
4. Night quarters, place for lodging or renting, inn.