Flashcards in Standard 2 - Terms & Definitions for Brainscape Deck (46):
Southerners argued that slavery was good for their slaves because they were clothed, fed, and disciplined
Religious revival that stressed reforming society - led to rise of the abolitionist movement
2nd Great Awakening
Polk wanted to claim the Oregon Territory up to this like of latitude, but wasn't able to get it
Parallel that currently makes up the northern boundary of the US
People who wanted to abolish (get rid of) slavery
Henry Clay's compromise - the West would support the tariff and the North would send $$ to the west for internal improvements - this upset the south
1st President from the West - "Age of the Common Man" - Democrat - Trail of Tears
Term that means adding land to the US
Period before the Civil War
Native American tribe displaced from GA to OK despite trying to assimilate into American culture - Trail of Tears
Segregation "by fact" - It isn't enforced by law, it just exists. (example - White & black people live in different parts of town)
De facto segregation
Not allowed to vote
Section of the Constitution stating that Congress may do anything "necessary and proper" - used by loose constructionists to prove they can do things not in the Constitution
Along with Lucretia Mott, wasprohibited from entering an abolitionist conference because she was a woman so she started the Seneca Falls Convention
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Term meaning "Freedom from slavery"
Former slave - became a leading abolitionist
Wanted the right to own property, divorce, and get an education
Goals of Women's Movement
Abolitionists from SC who grew up on a plantation who also supported women's rights
Abolitionist who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin - Many northerners learned of the evils of slavery from this book
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Led hundreds of slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad
Politician who designed the compromise known as the "American System" to provide a tariff for the north and internal improvements for the west
President who completed America's "Manifest Destiny"
James K. Polk
Belief that the Constitution can be stretched to allow things that it doesn't specifically state - Jefferson DID NOT believe in this, but bought the Louisiana Purchase anyway
Explorers who claimed the Oregon Territory for the US
Louis & Clark
Land purchased by Jefferson from France for $15 million, doubling the size of the US - land was sold to settlers at VERY low prices, allowing many to vote for the first time
Along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was prohibited from entering an abolitionist conference because she was a woman so she started the Seneca Falls Convention
Belief that God wanted America to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific
Term given to California, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Nevada when they were added after the Mexican War
Mexican Cession (land added to US)
Wat that began when Polk stationed troops at the Rio Grande river knowing that Mexico claimed that land - Polk wanted a war so that we could complete our "Manifest Destiny"
President James Monroe's statement that Europe should not colonize the Western Hemisphere any further - could only be enforced with the help of Britain's navy
Slave who led a violent uprising
Territory organized under the Articles of Confederation - prohibited slavery in those states
Mexico claimed that this river was the southern border of Texas
Belief of SC (and other southern states) that they could treat laws passed by the central government as if they didn't exist .
Claimed by Lewis & Clark - Shared by Britain & the US until an agreement set the northern boundary of the US at the 49th parallel
Believed ALL had an "Inner Light" so they were among the first Abolitionists
The US claimed that this was the southern boundary of Texas - James K. Polk sent troops there, which started the Mexican War
Rio Grande River
Native American tribe that fought to maintain control of their land during the period of displacement - they lost their land anyway
Women's Rights Convention organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton after being denied access to an antislavery convention because they were women
Seneca Falls Convention
Belief that states have the right to ignore laws passed by the central government (Nullification / Tariff of Abominations)
High tariff passed after compromise between N & S (the American System) South Carolina nullifies the tariff & Andrew Jackson threatens to use the army. SC backs down, but still believes it can nullify laws.
Tarifff of Abominations
Americans move into Mexico, then Mexico outlaws slavery so the Americans fight to rule themselves. This led to the?
Normally believes in strict interpretation of the Constitution, but interprets it loosely to add the Louisiana Purchase to the US
When the Cherokee Indians were forcibly moved by Andrew Jackson from GA to OK. 1/3 of them die on the way.
Trail of Tears
Treaty ending the Mexican War. Forced Mexico to give us land including California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah for $15 million.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo