Standard 2 - Terms & Definitions for Brainscape Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Standard 2 - Terms & Definitions for Brainscape Deck (46):
1

Southerners argued that slavery was good for their slaves because they were clothed, fed, and disciplined

"Positive Good"

2

Religious revival that stressed reforming society - led to rise of the abolitionist movement

2nd Great Awakening

3

Polk wanted to claim the Oregon Territory up to this like of latitude, but wasn't able to get it

54 40

4

Parallel that currently makes up the northern boundary of the US

49

5

People who wanted to abolish (get rid of) slavery

Abolitionists

6

Henry Clay's compromise - the West would support the tariff and the North would send $$ to the west for internal improvements - this upset the south

American System

7

1st President from the West - "Age of the Common Man" - Democrat - Trail of Tears

Andrew Jackson

8

Term that means adding land to the US

Annexation

9

Period before the Civil War

Antebellum

10

Native American tribe displaced from GA to OK despite trying to assimilate into American culture - Trail of Tears

Cherokee

11

Segregation "by fact" - It isn't enforced by law, it just exists. (example - White & black people live in different parts of town)

De facto segregation

12

Not allowed to vote

Disenfranchised

13

Section of the Constitution stating that Congress may do anything "necessary and proper" - used by loose constructionists to prove they can do things not in the Constitution

Elastic Clause

14

Along with Lucretia Mott, wasprohibited from entering an abolitionist conference because she was a woman so she started the Seneca Falls Convention

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

15

Term meaning "Freedom from slavery"

Emancipation

16

Former slave - became a leading abolitionist

Frederick Douglass

17

Wanted the right to own property, divorce, and get an education

Goals of Women's Movement

18

Abolitionists from SC who grew up on a plantation who also supported women's rights

Grimke Sisters

19

Abolitionist who wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin - Many northerners learned of the evils of slavery from this book

Harriet Beecher Stowe

20

Led hundreds of slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad

Harriet Tubman

21

Politician who designed the compromise known as the "American System" to provide a tariff for the north and internal improvements for the west

Henry Clay

22

President who completed America's "Manifest Destiny"

James K. Polk

23

Belief that the Constitution can be stretched to allow things that it doesn't specifically state - Jefferson DID NOT believe in this, but bought the Louisiana Purchase anyway

Loose Interpretation

24

Explorers who claimed the Oregon Territory for the US

Louis & Clark

25

Land purchased by Jefferson from France for $15 million, doubling the size of the US - land was sold to settlers at VERY low prices, allowing many to vote for the first time

Louisiana Territory

26

Along with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, was prohibited from entering an abolitionist conference because she was a woman so she started the Seneca Falls Convention

Lucretia Mott

27

Belief that God wanted America to stretch from the Atlantic to the Pacific

Manifest Destiny

28

Term given to California, Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Nevada when they were added after the Mexican War

Mexican Cession (land added to US)

29

Wat that began when Polk stationed troops at the Rio Grande river knowing that Mexico claimed that land - Polk wanted a war so that we could complete our "Manifest Destiny"

Mexican War

30

President James Monroe's statement that Europe should not colonize the Western Hemisphere any further - could only be enforced with the help of Britain's navy

Monroe Doctrine

31

Slave who led a violent uprising

Nat Turner

32

Territory organized under the Articles of Confederation - prohibited slavery in those states

Northwest Ordinance

33

Mexico claimed that this river was the southern border of Texas

Nueces River

34

Belief of SC (and other southern states) that they could treat laws passed by the central government as if they didn't exist .

Nullification

35

Claimed by Lewis & Clark - Shared by Britain & the US until an agreement set the northern boundary of the US at the 49th parallel

Oregon Territory

36

Believed ALL had an "Inner Light" so they were among the first Abolitionists

Quakers

37

The US claimed that this was the southern boundary of Texas - James K. Polk sent troops there, which started the Mexican War

Rio Grande River

38

Native American tribe that fought to maintain control of their land during the period of displacement - they lost their land anyway

Seminoles

39

Women's Rights Convention organized by Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton after being denied access to an antislavery convention because they were women

Seneca Falls Convention

40

Belief that states have the right to ignore laws passed by the central government (Nullification / Tariff of Abominations)

States' Rights

41

High tariff passed after compromise between N & S (the American System) South Carolina nullifies the tariff & Andrew Jackson threatens to use the army. SC backs down, but still believes it can nullify laws.

Tarifff of Abominations

42

Americans move into Mexico, then Mexico outlaws slavery so the Americans fight to rule themselves. This led to the?

Texan Revolution

43

Normally believes in strict interpretation of the Constitution, but interprets it loosely to add the Louisiana Purchase to the US

Thomas Jefferson

44

When the Cherokee Indians were forcibly moved by Andrew Jackson from GA to OK. 1/3 of them die on the way.

Trail of Tears

45

Treaty ending the Mexican War. Forced Mexico to give us land including California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, and Utah for $15 million.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

46

Abolitionist newpaper publisher.

William Lloyd Garrison