Standard 3 - Terms & Definitions for Brainscape Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Standard 3 - Terms & Definitions for Brainscape Deck (56):
1

Year that Northern troops are pulled out of the South - Reconstruction ends

1877

2

Promise of the Freedman's Bureau to former slaves, although they eventually lost both

"40 Acres & a Mule"

3

Southern Democrats elected when the Union troops leave - They take rights from AA's

"Redeemers"

4

The idea that the South voted solidly for Democrats for about 100 years after the Civil War

"Solid South"

5

Amendment that freed the slaves

13th Amendment

6

Amendment that grants citizenship to anyone born in the US, gives all"Equal protection", and guarantees "Due process"

14th Amendment

7

Amendment that gives voting rights to all male citizens

15th Amendment

8

Famous black regiment that fought @ Ft. Wagner

54th Massachusetts

9

Union's battle plan: Blockade the south, take the Mississippi, control Richmond

Anaconda Plan

10

President after Lincoln - one of 2 presidents to be impeached

Andrew Johnson

11

One of two major northern battles; Bloodiest day of the war; South loses

Antietam

12

Site where Lee surrenders to Grant

Appomattox Courthouse

13

Laws restricting the rights of AA's - basically ignore the fact that slaves are free

Black Codes

14

Popular sovereignty in KS leads Free-Soilers & pro-slavery supporters to KS - John Brown murders 5

Bleeding Kansas

15

Started the Tuskegee Institute to train AA's & gave the "Atlanta Compromise" speech where he proposed that AA's accept segregation temporarily in exchange for employment

Booker T. Washington

16

First major Southern victory of the Civil War - Proved the war will NOT end quickly

Bull Run

17

Northerners moving to the South during Reconstruction - hated by Southerners

Carpetbaggers

18

Agreement where CA enters as a Free Soil state, the rest of the Mexcian cession will be decided by Popular sovereignty, slave trade in DC will end, new fugitive slave law

Compromise of 1850

19

Agreement between the N & S stating that Hayes (R) would get to be President if the Union troops were removed from the South - ended Reconstruction

Compromise of 1877

20

Slave who sued for his freedom - Court rules that slaves are property & cannot sue - slavery can exist ANYWHERE in the US

Dred Scott

21

Election when Radical Republicans were elected to Congress in large numbers to bring order to the South

Election of 1866

22

Election when Lincoln was elected - the South freaks out & breaks away out of fear he'll free their slaves

Election of 1860

23

Executive order that freed slaves in territory in rebellion against the Union

Emancipation Proclamation

24

Former slaves who leave the South to go to Kansas during Reconstruction

Exodusters

25

Government organization seeking to help free AA's - "40 acres & a mule" - set up schools - held court to protect against black codes

Freedman's Bureau

26

Movement to stop the SPREAD of slavery - is NOT an anti-slavery movement

Free-Soil

27

Famous battle of the 54th Massachusetts regiment - they lose, but prove AA's are brave

Ft. Wagner

28

States that the North MUST help return slaves to the South - North hates it because of Uncle Tom's Cabin - Part of Compromise of 1850

Fugitive Slave Law

29

Agreement that Congress would not bring up slavery

Gag Rule

30

Bloodiest Battle of the Civil War - Lee invades the north trying to put pressure on Washington DC & loses

Gettysburg

31

Anyone could vote if their grandfather was able to - this allowed uneducated & poor whites to vote while prohibiting AA's

Grandfather Clause

32

Weapons depot raided by John Brown to give guns to slaves. Brown is captured & hung, but gets sympathy from many in the north

Harper's Ferry

33

President of the CSA

Jefferson Davis

34

Laws passed that segregated the south

Jim Crow Laws

35

Radical abolitionist known for his actions at both Bleeding KS & Harper's Ferry. He frightened the South & gained attention from the north while awaiting his execution by hanging for the deaths at Harper's Ferry.

John Brown

36

Law that stated that KS & NE would be decided through popular sovereignty - undoes the Missouri Compromise

Kansas-Nebraska Act

37

Group organized in TN to intimidate AA's from voting

KKK

38

Anti-slavery party that didn't win any elections - eventully joins with northern Democrats to form the Republican party

Liberty Party

39

The idea that when 10% of the Southern states swore allegiance to the Union, they could be readmitted to Congress

Lincoln 's 10% Plan

40

Tests given to keep AA's from voting

Literacy Tests

41

Sherman's march from Atlanta to Savannah destroying everything in his path

March to the Sea

42

Missouri enters as a slave state, Maine enters as a free state, a line is drawn at the 36 30 to make future states obvious

Missouri Compromise

43

Southern nickname for slavery

Peculiar Institution

44

Last major battle before the South Surrenders

Petersburg

45

Supreme Court case declaring that "separate but equal" was legal

Plessy v. Ferguson

46

Tax on voting used to keep AA's from voting

Poll Taxes

47

Republicans who wanted to treat the south like conqured territory after the Civil War

Radical Republicans

48

The period of time when the South was readmitted to the Union after the Civil War

Reconstruction

49

Party of Lincoln - Made from Northern Democrats & members of the Liberty party - a Free Soil party - NOT ANTI-SLAVERY!

Republican Party

50

Term for southerners who agreed with the Republicans during Reconstruction - hated by South!

Scalawags

51

Arrangement where former slaves worked fields & gave a % of the food to the owner - often forced AA's back into an arrangement like slavery

Sharecropping

52

War against every part of your enemy's land - houses, fields, livestock, etc.

Total War

53

Book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe about the evils of slavery - convinces many in north to disobey the Fugitive slave laws

Uncle Tom's Cabin

54

Turning point of the Civil War - Grant takes this city & gains control of the Mississippi

Vicksburg

55

Led the "March to the Sea" from Atlanta to Savannah, GA - Destroyed everything in his path

William Tecumseh Sherman

56

Failed bill in Congress proposing that all the land gained from Mexico enter as "Free Soil" states

Wilmot Proviso