Standard 4 - Terms & Definitions for Brainscape Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Standard 4 - Terms & Definitions for Brainscape Deck (47):
1

Amendment giving women the right to vote

19th Amendment

2

Leader of the women's suffrage movement who used protests and hunger strikes to gain attention for the movement.

Alice Paul

3

Negotiation between unions and management

Arbitration

4

Forcing one group (Indians) to take on cultural characteristics of another group (white men)

Assimilation

5

Carnegie's process used to turn iron into steel

Bessemer Process

6

Indians depended on them to survive, but RR companies hired men to kill them because they blocked RR track

Bison

7

Destroyed many crops in the south - Many AA sharecroppers moved north

Boll Weevil

8

Economic system with private ownership of property that can be used to make a profit

Capitalism

9

US Steel - Introduced the Bessemer Process to the US - Believed in the Gospel of Wealth

Carnegie

10

Leader of the women's sufffrage movement who believed that the right to vote for women should be won at the state level

Carrie Chapman Catt

11

Law preventing Chinese from coming into the US - Passed after the Chinese helped complete the transcontinental RR

Chinese Exclusion Act

12

Speech given by William Jennings Bryan encouraging silver to be added to the $$ supply - Connected to the Populist movement

Cross of Gold Speech

13

Case where the government first recognizes contracts as binding

Dartmouth v. Woodward

14

Law granting Indians large amounts of land if they behaved like "Good white citizens" for 25 years

Dawes Act

15

Native American ceremony they believed would rid their land of the white men

Ghost Dance

16

Case determining that the federal government can control interstate commerce

Gibbons v. Ogden

17

Carnegie believed that it was the duty of the rich to give of their wealth to help the poor

Gospel of Wealth

18

Many AA's moved from the south to the north at the end of the 1800's because of bad crops, Jim Crow, etc.

Great Migration

19

Law granting land to settlers promising to build a home on it

Homestead Act

20

Author who wrote "rags to riches" stories

Horatio Alger

21

Buying all of one kind of industry (ex. All car producers)

Horizontal Integration

22

Wars fought to remove Indians from their lands in the west

Indian Wars

23

Law passed by Congress to limit prices RR's could charge farmers to transport their crops - severely limited by the Supreme Court

Interstate Commerce Act

24

Founder of "Hull House", which taught skills to immigrants to help them integrate into American society

Jane Addams

25

Idea that government should keep its hands off the economy

Laissez-faire capitalism

26

Journalists in the early 1900's who reported on social problems & political corruption

Muckrakers

27

Belief that immigrants are bad and should be kept out of the US

Nativism

28

Congressional act giving land to RR companies in order to complete the transcontinental RR

Pacific Railway Act

29

Political organizations in big cities that helped immigrants in order to gain power

Political Machines

30

Political organization made up of farmers & others - wanted silver added to the money supply (William Jennings Bryan / Cross of Gold)

Populists

31

Overproduction drove down prices

Problem of Farmers

32

Group that wanted the government to deal with problems of crime, poverty, sanitation, etc.

Progressives

33

RR strike - the military was called out & many were arrested - the Sherman Anti-Trust act was used to prosecute strikers

Pullman Strike

34

First time the military was called to put down a strike

Railway Strike of 1877

35

Standard Oil - Organized trusts & used many tricks to control the oil market

Rockefeller

36

Derogatory term for people who work during a strike

Scabs

37

Law passed to break up trusts - eventually used to break up unions instead

Sherman Antitrust Act

38

Belief that survival of the fittest should apply to society (if people are poor, they should be allowed to die off)

Social Darwinism

39

Women who campaigned for the right to vote in the late 1800's and early 1900's

Suffragettes

40

Organization created to address the concerns of farmers

The Grange

41

Corporation made up of many corporations

Trust

42

Shorter hours, better pay, better working conditions

Union Goals

43

Organization made up of workers to address their problems

Unions

44

Muckraker journalist best known for writing "The Jungle", which was a book about lax standards in the meat industry

Upton Sinclair

45

Populist presidential candidate who gave the "Cross of Gold" speech - Ran for President against McKinley - lost; He later prosecuted the Scopes monkey trial

William Jennings Bryan

46

Site where many Native Americans were massacred after surrendering to the military.

Wounded Knee

47

Contract where workers promise not to join unions

Yellow Dog Contracts