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Flashcards in State crime Deck (13):
1

what do Green and Ward (2005) describe state crime as?

illegal or deviant activities perpetrated by, or with the complicity of, state agencies

2

what are the four categories of state crime that McLaughlin (2001) identified?

political crimes

crimes by security and police forces

economic crimes

social and cultural crimes

3

what are natural rights?

Because people are alive they have the right to life, liberty, and free speech

4

what are civil rights?

The right to vote, a fair trial, privacy, education etc. These rights are based on being a citizen of a particular country

5

What is the official secrets act?

An act that restricts media in the UK. The government can prevent the media from publishing information that may in principle cause a threat to national security

6

what are citizen journalists?

People who use their mobile phones to record and upload human rights abuses by the military etc.

7

What type of criminologists argue that state crime should be anything that goes against basic human rights?

critical criminologists

8

What type of criminologists argue that state crime should be anything that breaks a law?

Traditional criminologists

9

What is the spiral of state denial?

when democracies try to justify their actions and in doing so creates a spiral of state denial which consists of three stages

10

What are the three stages of the spiral of state denial?

Claiming it didn't happen

Claiming that it's not what it seems

Claiming it's justified

11

What are crimes of obedience?

state crimes often occur when the behaviour of the state is seen as acceptable or required.

12

What three things have to happen in order for crimes of obedience to occur?

Authorisation

Routinisation

Dehumanisation

13

Who came up with the idea of crimes of obedience?

Kelman & Hamilton