Stem changing verbs in the Preterit Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Stem changing verbs in the Preterit Deck (30):
1

What are the four stem changing verbs?

ir, ser, hacer and tener

2

How do they change?

A complete or partial change of the infinitive form of the verb stem, or raiz, when conjugated

3

Which 2 verbs involve a complete stem change?

ir and ser

4

Which 2 verbs involve a partial stem change?

hacer and tener

5

conjugate preterit of ir and ser?

yo fui
tú fuiste
él, ella, Ud fue
nosotros/as fuimos
vosotros/as fuisteis
ellos, ellas, Uds fueron

6

how tell ir from ser in the preterit?

by context

7

what surrounding words point to ir in the preterit?

"ir" is always followed by the preposition "a," plus a place, indicating movement or direction.

8

what surrounding words point to ir in the preterit?

"ser" is is followed by a description of the subject.

9

Elena fue a las islas Galápagos. Ir or ser and why?

Ir because followed by "a", "Elena went to the Galapagos Islands."

10

Elena fue muy amable con todos los invitados. Ir or ser and why?

Ser because followed by a description of the subject, "Elena was very kind with all the guests."

11

Elena fue una mujer muy feliz durante su matrimonio. Ir or ser and why?

Ser because followed by a description of the subject, "Elena was a very happy woman during her marriage."

12

Conjugate the preterit of hacer

yo hice
tú hiciste
él, ella, Ud hizo
nosotros/as hicimos
vosotros/as hicisteis
ellos, ellas, Uds hicieron

13

Why does the "c" change to "z" in the 3rd person singular of hacer in the preterit?

z is required instead of c, because the vowel following is o.

14

Conjugate the preterit of tener

yo tuve
tú tuviste
él, ella, Ud tuvo
nosotros/as tuvimos
vosotros/as tuvisteis
ellos, ellas, Uds tuvieron

15

What structure use for "X went to a place"?

Ir + a + [place]

16

Ellos fueron a Alemania.

They went to Germany.

17

what structure use when the place went to is a feminine noun?

Ir + a + la + [feminine noun]

18

Nosotros fuimos a la biblioteca/a la playa/a la discoteca/a la tienda.

we went to the library, the beach, the disco, the store

19

what structure use when the place went to is a masculine noun?

Ir + al (contraction of a + el) + [masculine noun]

20

Vosotros fuisteis al museo/al parque/al zoológico/al mercado/al restaurante.

we went to the museum, the park, the zoo, the market, the restaurant

21

what structure use when ir is followed by a verb?

Ir + a + [infinitive]

22

¿Cuándo fuiste a correr?

When did you go running?

23

Fui a nadar con mis amigos.

I went swimming with my friends.

24

¿Dónde fuisteis a bailar ayer por la noche?

Where did you guys go dancing last night?

25

Antonio e Isabel fueron a vivir juntos.

Antonio and Isabel moved in together.

26

What form does the verb take following a tener + que construction?

The infinitive.

27

Yo tuve que estudiar toda la noche.

I had to study all night.

28

Ellas tuvieron que trabajar todo el día.

They had to work all day long.

29

Él tuvo que pedir disculpas a su esposa.

He had to apologize to his wife.

30

¿Tuvisteis que leer cuatro novelas en una semana?

You guys had to read four novels in a week?