Members of one class of stereoisomers are called _________.
Enantiomers are ______________ mirror image molecules.
The term ______ is used to describe objects that cannot be superimposed on their mirror image.
Superimposable vs. Nonsuperimposable
Superimposable = Identicle
Nonsuperimposable = Isomers(enantiomers)
What is the criteria for Chirals?
Often, must be surrounded by 4 different atoms.
Pairs of enantiomers are identical in almost every way.
What ways are they similar in?
How can you determine the number of Stereoisomers?
Chiral Carbons = n
2n = # of stereoisomers
FYI: As chirals increase, stereoisomers increase
Light that has passed through a filter that blocks all light waves except those vibrating in one particular orientation.
One property that can be used to distinguish enantiomers is the difference in how they interact with _____________.
One stereoisomer of the drug may have a very different biological effect than its enantiomers. The (+) enantiomers are either more effective drugs or are safer to use than their (-) counterparts.
How can having too much (-) have negative effects?
Stereoisomers that are not enantiomers are called ___________.
________ isomers have different connectivity of atoms
__________ are nonsuperimposable, mirror images.
_________ diastereomers, multiple stereocenters
________ diatereomers, restricted rotation.
How many chiral carbon atoms does 3-bromo-4-methylhexan have?
How many stereoisomers are possible for this molecule?
2 chiral carbons
22 = 4 stereoisomers