STIs and STDs Flashcards Preview

CMS! > STIs and STDs > Flashcards

Flashcards in STIs and STDs Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

what sexually transmitted infections can be tansmitted orally

- Herpes simplex virus
- human papilloma virus
- gonorrhoea
- chlyamydia
- syphilis
- HIV
- Hep B
- Hep c?

2

which orally transmitted infections can give oral manifestations? 3 things

- herpes simplex virus
- human papilloma virus
- syphilis

3

which is the most common herpes simplex virus?

type 1

4

primary infection of herpes simplex virus can bring about what 2 oral symptoms?

- gingivostomatitis
- pharyngitis

5

with recurrant herpes simplex virus what can be seen orally?

herpes labalis (cold sores)

6

how is herpes simplex virus infectious?

- through kissing
- through oral sex

7

herpes simplex epidemiology for seropositivity and recurrences?

seropositivity = 56-85% adults

recurrance = 20-40% adults

8

how to manage orolabial herpes?

- symptom control
- avoid kissing and oral sex
- wash hands after touching
- reassurance that nothing to serious
- no treatment

9

which type of herpes simplex virus is spread to the genitals?

type 2 usually

10

how is genital herpes treated?

oral aciclovir

11

genital herpes increases the risk of...

HIV transmission

12

how many strains of human papilloma virus are there?

over 70

13

95% of genital warts are caused by...

HPV 6 and HPV 11

14

what are the 2 strains of HPV that are oncogenic?

HPV 16 and HPV 18

15

what type of bacteria is syphilis caused by?

A spirochete - Treponema pallidum

16

how does the syphilis infection infect?

invading the mucous membranes

17

which group is more at risk of getting syphilis?

MSM

18

what are the 5 stages of the syphilis infection?

1. exposure
2. primary syphilis
3. secondary syphilis
4. early latent
5. late latent

19

3 possible outcomes of late latent stage of syphilis

1. neurological issues
2. CVS issues
3. Gummatous (a form of glaucoma)

20

what is a chancre and how commonly does it occur in primary syphilis?

a painless ulcer that can be seen in the mouth and occurs in 70% of cases

21

how long does it take for a chancre to resolve?

around 3-6 weeks

22

what is the incubation period from exposure to primary syphilis?

10-90 days (usually 14-21)