Flashcards in stress and coping Deck (14):
what is the three stage reaction to stress
what is primary appraisal
evaluating event for personal meaning
what is secondary appraisal
possible coping strategies
Coping > person’s effort to manage psychological stress
personal characteristics that influence response to a stressor is
Level of personal control
Presence of a social support system
Feelings of competence
what is chronic stress
Chronic stress occurs in stable conditions and results from stressful roles.
what is acute stress
Time-limited events that threaten a person for a relatively brief period provoke acute stress.
what is posttramatic stress disorder
An acute stress disorder that begins when a person experiences, witnesses, or is confronted with a traumatic event
May include flashbacks = Recurring and intrusive recollections of the event
what is a crisis
a person is facing a turning point in life and previous ways of coping are not effective.
what is a developmental crisis
Developmental crises occur as a person moves through the stages of life.
what is a situational crisis
External sources such as a job change, motor vehicle crash, death, or severe illness provoke situational crises.
what is a adventitisous crisis
A major natural or man-made disaster or a crime of violence can create an adventitious crisis.
where do situational factors come from
Arise from job changes, illness, caregiver stress
where do maturational factors come from
vary with life stages