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Flashcards in stress and coping Deck (14):
1

what is the three stage reaction to stress

alarm reaction
resistance stage
exhaustion stage

2

what is primary appraisal

evaluating event for personal meaning

3

what is secondary appraisal

possible coping strategies
Coping > person’s effort to manage psychological stress

4

personal characteristics that influence response to a stressor is

Level of personal control
Presence of a social support system
Feelings of competence

5

what is chronic stress

Chronic stress occurs in stable conditions and results from stressful roles.

6

what is acute stress

Time-limited events that threaten a person for a relatively brief period provoke acute stress.

7

what is posttramatic stress disorder

An acute stress disorder that begins when a person experiences, witnesses, or is confronted with a traumatic event
May include flashbacks = Recurring and intrusive recollections of the event

8

what is a crisis

a person is facing a turning point in life and previous ways of coping are not effective.

9

what is a developmental crisis

Developmental crises occur as a person moves through the stages of life.

10

what is a situational crisis

External sources such as a job change, motor vehicle crash, death, or severe illness provoke situational crises.

11

what is a adventitisous crisis

A major natural or man-made disaster or a crime of violence can create an adventitious crisis.

12

where do situational factors come from

Arise from job changes, illness, caregiver stress

13

where do maturational factors come from

vary with life stages

14

where do sociocultural factors come form

Environmental, social, and cultural stressors perceived by children, adolescents, and adults