stretching for impaired mobility Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in stretching for impaired mobility Deck (14)
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1

move joint/s smoothly/easily thru unrestricted ROM

flexibility

2

active MUSCLE contrx moves body segment

dynamic movement

3

degree to which a jt can bee moved with assistance

passive motion

4

adaptive musc tendon unit/ST shortening surrounding joint
-signif resistance to pass/active stretch/ROM

contracture

5

sensory organ near muscle tendon jxns of musc fibers that monitor changes in tension of musc tendon unit

GTO

6

tissue taken to end of its ROM w/ gentle stretch, will have complete recovery to orig size/shape

ELASTIC range/linear phase

7

pt beyond which tissue doesnt return

elastic LIMIT

8

beyond elastic limit, extending to rupture; perm deform when stress is released from tissue

PLASTIC range

9

as a load is applied for an extended time, the tissue elongates and creates perm deform
-is time dependent, POSSIBLE complete recovery over time

creep

10

indications for stretching - 5

limited ROM
restricted motion (deform)
musc weakness/shortening of opposing tissues
injury prevention
prior to/after exercise to minimize soreness

11

contraindications to stretching

bony block limits motion
recent frx
acute inflam infx
sharp acute pain w/ jt movem
hematoma/tissue trauma
hypermobil

12

if a joint is hypermobile, where should you adjust

above/below jt

13

static
cyclic/intermitant
ballistic
pnf
manual
mechanical
self
passive/active
---all types of

stretches

14

5 things to do adjunct to stretches

relaxation tech
heat
massage
biofeedback
joint trx/oscillation