Flashcards in Structuralsim Deck (19):
Structuralism market he return of what?
Who is the key proponent of structuralism?
What were the idea of structuralism rooted in?
What did structuralism hold?
That societies were structure by base concepts expressed in every symbol, ritual and myth that often became expressed in basic categories and cultural opposites such as red and green.
What LS rescue?
What does Saussurean linguistics say about the levels of language?
That language exists at two levels: langue and parole
What is langue?
All the grammar etc structures that make up a given language. Everything that is out there on an abstract level
What is parole?
How the interconnected structure is deployed or mobilised in everyday conversation
How does Saussurean linguistics manifest itself in day to day understanding?
You can only make sense of the individual utterances if you have the brand structure in your head
Who translates LS?
How did LS reorientate anthropology?
Away from cultural particularism to human universals
How does what LS says differ from Radcliffe Brown?
LS says that structure is the principle of social life in the mind, not not on the ground social relations as Radcliffe Brown does
What does not necessarily travel between cultures?
The way we group and structure things
What is an example of a differing structure?
Edmund Leach's 1964 idea of how to classify English Animals
What is Bricolage?
The idea that you take what you have around you and make stuff, so when we hear people say how they think this reflects their material world
Name the criticism described here: why does it have to be the same structural principles for everywhere and everyone and give an example
Universalism, the apparent and later disproved universal binary of nature and culture.
What was the criticism regarding ethnography of structuralism?
LS lacked depth, particularly in regard to the Brazilian tribes that he studied
To whom was it said that structuralism did not give a voice?