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A1 Anthropology Being Human > Structuralsim > Flashcards

Flashcards in Structuralsim Deck (19):
1

Structuralism market he return of what?

Grand narrative

2

Who is the key proponent of structuralism?

Levi strauss

3

What were the idea of structuralism rooted in?

Linguistics

4

What did structuralism hold?

That societies were structure by base concepts expressed in every symbol, ritual and myth that often became expressed in basic categories and cultural opposites such as red and green.

5

What LS rescue?

Armchair anthropology

6

What does Saussurean linguistics say about the levels of language?

That language exists at two levels: langue and parole

7

What is langue?

All the grammar etc structures that make up a given language. Everything that is out there on an abstract level

8

What is parole?

How the interconnected structure is deployed or mobilised in everyday conversation

9

How does Saussurean linguistics manifest itself in day to day understanding?

You can only make sense of the individual utterances if you have the brand structure in your head

10

Who translates LS?

Edmund Leach

11

How did LS reorientate anthropology?

Away from cultural particularism to human universals

12

How does what LS says differ from Radcliffe Brown?

LS says that structure is the principle of social life in the mind, not not on the ground social relations as Radcliffe Brown does

13

What does not necessarily travel between cultures?

The way we group and structure things

14

What is an example of a differing structure?

Edmund Leach's 1964 idea of how to classify English Animals

15

What is Bricolage?

The idea that you take what you have around you and make stuff, so when we hear people say how they think this reflects their material world

16

Name the criticism described here: why does it have to be the same structural principles for everywhere and everyone and give an example

Universalism, the apparent and later disproved universal binary of nature and culture.

17

What was the criticism regarding ethnography of structuralism?

LS lacked depth, particularly in regard to the Brazilian tribes that he studied

18

To whom was it said that structuralism did not give a voice?

Women

19

Apart form women, what is there not room for in structuralism? (4)

Creativity, resistance, alternative and subaltern voices