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Flashcards in Study Guide Deck (25):
1

The innermost bone of the ear, it gets its name from its appearance. Also called the stapes

Stirrup

2

A spiral shaped cavity of the inner ear that resembles a snail shell. It contains nerve endings essential for hearing

Cochlea

3

A thin, semi-transparent, oval-shaped membrane. Also known as the tympanic membrane

Eardrum

4

A bone between the malleus and the stapes in the middle ear. Also known as an incus

Anvil

5

The clear gelatinous substance fills the eyeball except for the cornea

Vitreous body

6

Where in the eye are the rods and cones contained ?

Retina

7

This is a delicate, multi layered, light sensitive membrane lining the inner eyeball and connected by the optic nerve to the brain

Retina

8

What is the process by which the lens adjusts focus images ?

Accommodation

9

A thin protective membrane that doubles over to cover the visible sclera

Conjunctiva

10

The tongue is covered with tiny bumps, what are those called ?

Papillae

11

Each of the above described bumps contain several taste receptors, what are those taste receptors called ?

Taste buds

12

Far back in the nasal cavity there are small hairs like structures that sweep back and forth; what are they called ?

Cilia

13

What is about the size of a postage stamp; they are microscopic nerve cells that detect smell and send signals onto the brain ?

Olfactory receptors

14

The eye is similar to a camera; the lens cover

Eye lid

15

Opening

Pupil

16

Shutter

Iris

17

Lens

Eye lens

18

Photoreceptive film

Retina

19

The ear has three major divisions

1. Outer ear
2. Middle ear
3. Inner ear

20

The ear is an organ for ________ and maintaining a sense of ___________

Hearing, balance

21

The sense of taste is also known as the ______ sense

Gustatory

22

The sense of smell arises from the ______ region of the nose

Olfactory

23

The number is taste buds ______ with age

Decrease

24

What cells extend hairs through a narrow taste pore ?

Gustatory cells

25

This is a tough white fibrous outer tissue the covers the eyeball except for the cornea

Sclera