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Flashcards in Study Guide -- Drug Test Deck (53):
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Alcoholism

A disease in which the person is addicted to alcohol

1

Abstain

When a person chooses NOT to take a particular action

2

A blackout

A period of time that a person who has been drinking cannot recall

3

BAC or Blood Alcohol Concentration

A measure of the amount of alcohol in a person's blood, stated as the number of milligrams of ethanol per 100 milliliters of blood.

4

Dependance

A state in which a person's body has become resistant to a drug and requires the drug to function normally.

5

Depressant

A drug that slows the activity of the central nervous system

6

Detoxification

The process of removing all of an abused substance from a person's body.

7

Drug

Any chemical that causes changes in a person's body or behavior

8

Ethanol

The alcohol found in beverages such as beer, wine, and liquor

9

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

A group of birth defects caused by the effects of alcohol on an unborn child

10

Illegal Drug

A chemical that is forbidden by law because its dangerous and often unpredictable effects outweigh any useful purpose it may have

11

Inhibitions

The controls people put on their emotions and behavior in order to behave in socially accepted ways

12

Overdose

A serious reaction to an excessive amount of a drug that can result in coma or death

13

Refusal Skills

The skills needed to say "NO" when others are pressuring a person to do something against his or her will.

14

Rehabilitation

The process of learning to cope with stress of everyday living without using alcohol

15

Synergism

The interaction of two or more drugs in a way that increases each other's effects

16

Tolerance

A state in which a person's body becomes resistant to a drug

17

Withdrawal

A group of symptoms that occur when a dependent persons stops taking a drug

18

Carbon Monoxide

A poisonous, colorless, odorless gas produced when substances are burned

19

Carcinogens

A substance or agent that causes cancer

20

Chewing Tobaccco

Leaves of poor-quality tobacco mixed with molasses or honey, placed between the cheek and gums

21

Chronic Bronchitus

a condition when the bronchial tubes are swollen and clogged with mucus

22

Emphysema

A breathing disorder in which the small air sacs in the lungs lose their ability to expand and contract

23

Mainstream smoke

Tobacco smoke that a smoker inhales into the lungs and then exhales

24

Nicotine

The drug in tobacco that may act as a stimulant and cause addiction

25

Nicotine withdrawal

The reaction to the lack of nicotine in the body

26

Passive smoker

A smoker who involuntarily breathes side stream smoke

27

Side Stream Smoke

Smoke that goes directly into the air from burning tobacco

28

Snuff

Finely ground tobacco that may be either sniffed through the nose or held between the lower lip and teeth

29

Stimulant

A drug that speeds up the activities of the central nervous system, the heart, and other organs

30

Tar

A dark, sticky mixture of chemicals that is formed when tobacco burns

31

Anabolic Steroids

Any of a group of synthetic drugs that resemble the male hormone testosterone

32

Designer Drug

A new chemical substance that has been designed to be chemically similar to a controlled substance

33

Drug Abuse

The intentional misuse of any kind of drug for nonmedical purposes

34

Drug's action

What a drug does

35

Drug's effect

The physical and mental response to a drug's action

36

Drug misuse

The improper use of drugs

37

Look-alike-drug

A drug that is made to look like a commonly abused drug but may actually contain any kind of substance

38

opium

A narcotic drug obtained from the seed pod of a poppy plant

39

Over-the-counter-drugs

A medicine that can be purchased legally without a prescription

40

Medicine

A legal drug that helps the body fight injury, illness, or disease

41

Prescription Drug

A medicine that can ONLY be obtained through a doctor's prescription

42

Psychoactive Drug

A chemical that affects the activity of brain cells to alter perception, thought, and mood

43

Side Effect

An unwanted or even dangerous physical or mental effect caused by a drug or medicine

44

The five factors that can effect a person's BAC

1. Gender 2. Age 3. Weight 4. Height 5. Amount of food

45

Three reasons people abstain from tobacco?

1. bad breath 2. bad for your health 3. stinky

46

List three reasons people start smoking?

1. family members smoke 2. friends smoke (peer pressure) 3. advertisements

47

Define legal drugs and give two examples

Ex. Aspirin, Cold Medicines

48

Examples of Over-the-counter drugs

Aspirin and cold medicines

49

Define and give Two examples of illegal drugs

A drug that is against the law to use. Ex. LSD or Crack

50

Stimulant

A drug that speeds up the central nervous system, heart, and other organs. ex. nicotine, smoking

51

Depressant

A drug that slows down the activity of the central nervous system. EX. alcohol

52

Five health risks of tobacco products

1. increases heart rate
2. increase blood pressure
3. harmful gases settle in lungs
4. causes shortness in breath
5. decreases response level of some reflexes
6. cancer