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Flashcards in Study guide mid term Deck (253):
0

inter

between

1

hypo

under
below

2

epi

above
upon

3

retro

backward
behind

4

sub

under
below

5

quadri

4

6

micro

small

7

tri

3

8

an

without
not

9

intra

within
in

10

supra

above
excessive
superior

11

dia

through
across

12

peri

around

13

brady

slow

14

tachy

rapid

15

dys

bad
painful
difficult

16

eu

good
normal

17

hetero

different

18

mal

bad

19

pseudo

false

20

pseudocyesis

false pregnancy

21

dyspepsia

difficult digestion

22

amastia

without breast

23

eupnea

good or normal breathing

24

Building medical words
rule #1

A word root links a suffix that begins with a vowel

25

Building medical words
Rule #2

A combining form links a suffix that begins with a consonant

26

Building medical words
Rule #3

A combining form links one root to another root to form a compound word

27

centesis

surgical puncture

28

clasis

surgical fracture

29

desis

binding fixation

30

ectomy

excision

31

lysis

loosening
separation

32

pexy

fixation

33

plasty

surgical repair

34

rraphy

suture

35

stomy

forming an opening

36

tome

instrument to cut

37

tomy

incision

38

tripsy

crushing

39

algia

pain

40

cele

herniations

41

ectasis

dialation

42

emia

blood conditiona

43

genesis

producing
forming

44

iasis

abnormal condition

45

malacia

softening

46

megaly

enlargement

47

oma

tumor

48

osis

abnormal condition

49

pathy

disease

50

penia

deficiency

51

phagia

difficulty
pain

52

phasia

speech

53

plegia

paralysis

54

rrhage

bursting forth

55

rrhea

discharge
flow

56

rrhexis

rupture

57

spasm

twitching

58

nephro

kidney

59

hepat

liver

60

dystocia

difficult childbirth

61

homeoplasia

formation of the same tissue

62

eversion

turning outward

63

inversion

turning inward

64

lumbar

part of the spine known as loin

65

proximal

near the center

66

thoracic

ventral cavity that contains heart,lungs,associated structures

67

-gnosis

knowing

68

viscer/o

internal organs

69

caud/o

tail

70

poli/o

gray

71

eti/o

cause

72

ad-

toward

73

cytolysis

destruction of the cell

74

diagnosis

knowing through (exam)

75

cirrhosis

abnormal condition of yellow

76

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity

77

sign

objective indicator of disease

78

symptom

subjective indicator of disease

79

mycosis

fungal infection in or on the body

80

CBC

broad screening blood test panel for anemias, infections, and other diseases

81

endoscopy

visual exam of a cavity or canal using lighted instrument

82

fluoroscopy

directs x-rays to a fluorescent screen and displays live images

83

Dx

establishing the nature and cause of disease
diagnosis

84

Revision

Surgery to compensate or correct previous surgery

85

Anastomosis

surgical joining of 2 ducts, vessels, bowel segments

86

Resection

removal of part or all of a structure

87

Computed tomography

Imaging procedure that generates cross-sectional images

88

adip/o, lip/o

fat

89

oid

resembling

90

mycosis

abnormal condition

91

onych/o

nail

92

osis

abnormal condition

93

onychocryptosis

abnormal condition of a hidden (ingrown) nail

94

trich/o

hair

95

pyo

pus

96

an

without
not

97

erythema

redness of the skin

98

TO

no evidence of primary tumor

99

Malignant

cancerous
may be life threatening

100

1st degree burn

burn that heals without scar formation

101

Grading

determines degree of abnormal cancer cells compared with normal cells

102

Squamous cell carcinoma

develops from keratinizing epidermal cells

103

benign

noncancerous

104

TI

Primary tumor size, small with minimal invasion

105

MO

No evidence of metastasis

106

3rd degree burn

extensive damage to underlying connective tissue

107

pediculosis

infestation with lice

108

vitiligo

skin depigmentation with milk white patches

109

tinea

fungal skin infection (ringworm)

110

scabies

contagious skin disease transmitted by itch mite

111

impetigo

bacterial skin infection with pustules that become crusted and rupture

112

urticaria

allergic reaction of the skin
characterized by elevated red patches called hives

113

Chlosma

hyperpigmentation of the skin
characterized by yellow brown patches or spots

114

Ecchymosis

hemorrhagic spot or bruise on the skin

115

Petechiae

minute or small hemorrhagic spots on the skin

116

Abscess

localized collection of pus at the site of infection

117

Eschar

damaged tissue following a severe burn

118

Puritis

intense itching

119

Verruca

epidermal growth caused by a virus (wart)

120

Antifungals

tx athletes foot
onychomycosis

121

Fulguration

tissue destruction by high frequency electrical current

122

Corticosteroids

decrease inflammation or itching

123

Dermabrasion

wire brushes or abrasive materials to remove scars, tattoos, or fine wrinkles

124

parasiticides

agents that kill parasitic skin infestations

125

Keratolytics

Soften the outer layer of skin so it sloughs off

126

Intradermal test

extracts of suspected allergens injected subcutaneously

127

Patch test

Allergens are applied topically

128

xenograft

skin graft taken from another species (usually pig) to a human

129

Onocologist

physician who specializes in tumors

130

pruritic

itchy

131

Chemotherapy

using chemicals

132

Erythmatous

Reddened

133

Seb/o

sebum

134

ic

pertaining to

135

an/o

without

136

colon/o

colon

137

dent/o

teeth

138

esophag/o

esophagus

139

gingiv/o

gums

140

hemat/o

blood

141

jejun/o

jejunum (second part of small intestine)

142

pharyng/o

pharynx (throat)

143

sial/o

saliva
salivary gland

144

stomat/o

mouth

145

-orexia

appetite

146

proct/o

anus
rectum

147

chol/e

bile
gall

148

cachexia

state of ill health
malnutrition
wasting

149

Crohn disease

form of inflammatory bowel disease, usually of the ileum

150

fecalith

fecal concretion

151

flatus

gas

152

halitosis

foul-smelling breath

153

hematemesis

vomiting bloodq

154

leukoplakia

formation of white patches on the mucous membrane of the cheek

155

lesion

open sore

156

obstipation

intractable constipation

157

steatorrhea

passage of fat in large amounts in the feces

158

anastomosis

surgical formation of a passage or opening between 2 hollow viscera or vessels

159

antacids

neutralize excess acid in the stomach and help to relieve gastritis and ulcer pain

160

antiemetics

agents that control nausea and vomiting

161

antispasomodics

agents that alleviate muscle spasms

162

bariatric

surgery that treats morbid obesity

163

choledochoplasty

surgical reconstruction of the bile duct

164

emetics

agents that produce vomiting

165

ESWL

procedure in which shock waves are used to break up calculi in the biliary sucts

166

intubation

insertion of a tube into any hollow organ

167

laxatives

used to treat constipation

168

liver function test

measures the levels of certain enzymes

169

lower GI series

administration of a barium enema while a series of radiographs are taken of the colon

170

MRCP

procedure to visualize biliary and pancreatic ducts by using magnetic resonance imaging

171

Proctosigmoidoscopy

endoscopic procedure for visualization of the rectosigmoid colon

172

stat

immediately

173

stool culture

test to identify microorganisms present in feces

174

stool guaiac

detects presence of blood in the feces; also called hemoccult

175

upper GI series

radiographic imaging of the esophagus, duodenum, and stomach after ingestion of barium

176

gastric reflux

regurgitation of stomach acids

177

hepatomegaly

enlarged liver

178

hiatal hernia

part of the stomach herniating up through the opening of the diaphragm

179

sclerae

whites of the eyes

180

bronch/o, bronchi/o

bronchus

181

cyan/o

blue

182

ox/i

oxygen

183

pneumon/o

air
lung

184

-capnia

carbon dioxide

185

-phonia

voice

186

pnea

breathing

187

atelectasis

collapsed or airless lung

188

deviated septum

displacement of the cartilage dividing the nostrils

189

emphysema

disease characterized by a decrease in alveolar elasticity

190

epistaxis

nosebleed
nasal hemorrhage

191

exudate

inflammatory fluid high in protein with blood and immune cells

192

ptysis

spitting

193

pertussis

whooping cough

194

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleural membrane

195

coni/o

dust

196

surfactant

phospholipid that allows the lungs to expand with ease

197

transudate

noninflammatory fluid that resembles serum but with less protein

198

tubercles

granulomas associated with tuberculosis

199

ABGs

lab test to assess gases and pH of arterial blood

200

aerosol therapy

inhalation of medication directly into the respiratory system via a nebulizer

201

AFB

TB organism

202

antihistamine

relieves sneezing, runny nose, itchiness, and rashes

203

antitussive

relieves or suppresses coughing

204

antral lavage

washing or irrigating sinuses

205

CXR

imaging procedure to evaluate lungs

206

decongestant

decreases mucous membrane swelling by constricting blood vessels

207

expectorant

reduces the viscosity of sputum to facilitate productive coughing

208

laryngoscopy

visual exam of the voice box to detect tumors and other abnormalities

209

oximetry

Noninvasive test used to monitor the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen

210

sputum culture

microbial test used to identify disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract

211

sweat test

used primarily in children to confirm cystic fibrosis

212

throat culture

used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci

213

cephalodynia

headache

214

coryza

head cold

215

T&A

removal of the tonsils and adenoids

216

arther/o

fatty plaque

217

phleb/o

vein

218

therapy

treatment

219

angi/o

vessel

220

aneurysm

localized abnormal dilation of a vessel

221

angina

pain in the chest

222

arrhythmia

inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm

223

bruit

soft, blowing sound heard on auscultation; murmur

224

coarctation

narrowing of a vessel,especially the aorta

225

diaphoresis

profuse sweating

226

embolism

condition in which a mass (usually blood clot) blocks a blood vessel

227

hyperlipidemia

excessive amounts of lipids in the blood

228

infarction

area of tissue that undergoes necrosis

229

insufficiency

failure of a valve to close completely

230

ischemia

difficiency of blood supply due to circulatory obstruction

231

palpation

awareness of an irregular heartbeat

232

regurgitation

backflow of blood due to valve failure

233

stenosis

narrowing

234

thrombosis

abnormal condition of a blood clot developing in a blood vessel

235

varices

varicose veins of the esophagus

236

Holter monitor test

24 hour ECG tracing taken with a small, portable recording system

237

echocardiography

US diagnostic test used to visualize internal cariac structures

238

valvotomy

incision to increase the size of the opening of the mitral valve

239

nitrates

agents used to treat angina

240

statins

drugs that have powerful lipid-lowering properties

241

diuretics

increase urine output
used to treat edema, hypertension, and heart failure

242

cardiac enzymes studies

Provides levels of troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine kinase in the blood

243

doppler

untrasound procedure that measures blood flow through the heart and vessels

244

catheter abalation

tx of cardiac arrhythmias in which energy is transmitted through a catheter to remove the pathway of an abnormal heart rhythm

245

commissurotomy

surgical separation of the leaflets of the mitral valve

246

ICD insertion

implanting of a device that corrects ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation

247

stent placement

insertion of a device that holds open tubular structures

248

CABG

surgery that creates a bypass around a blocked segment of a coronary artery

249

endarterectomy

removal of occluding material from the interior of an artery

250

PTCA

dilation of an occluded vessel using a balloon catheter passed through the skin

251

thrombolysis

destruction of a blood clot

252

angina pectoris

chest pains