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Flashcards in Sub Deck General & Safety Deck (164):
1

The class of fire on which a blanketing effect is essential is class...

A

B

C

D

B

2

Dry chemical extinguishers may be used on what class of fires?

A only

B only

B and C only

A, B or C as marked on the extinguisher

A, B or C as marked on the extinguisher

3

All of the following are part of the fire triangle EXCEPT...

Electricity

Fuel

Oxygen

Heat

Electricity

4

Fire extinguishers are numbered by size I through V, with I being...

Used for electrical fires only

The smallest

The most accessible

The most effective

The smallest

5

Which statement is TRUE concerning carbon dioxide?

It is heavier than air

It is non-conductive

It is used on class B and C fires

All of the above are true

All of the above are true

6

Fixed CO2 systems would not be used on crew's quarters or...

The paint locker

Spaces open to the atmosphere

Cargo holds

The engine room

spaces open to the atmosphere

7

The difference in water spray pattern between the high-velocity tip and low-velocity applicator used with the all purpose nozzle is due to...

A difference in water pressure

The method of breaking up the water stream

The length of the applicator

All of the above

The method of breaking up the water stream

8

What is the primary hazard, other than fire damage, associated with a class C fire?

Possibility of reflash

Electrocution or shock

Explosion

Flashover

Electrocution or shock

9

The straight stream capability of an all-purpose nozzle is used in fighting a class A fire to...

Shield fire fighters from radiant heat

Break up burning material

Get the most water possible on the fire

Drive heat and smoke ahead of the fire fighters

Break up burning material

10

The spread of fire is prevented by...

Cooling surfaces adjacent to the fire

Leaving combustibles in the endangered area

Increasing the oxygen supply

All of the above

Cooling surfaces adjacent to the fire

11

Fires are grouped into what categories?

Class A, B, C, and D

Type 1, 2, 3, and 4

Combustible solids, liquids, and gases

Flammable solids, liquids, and gases

Class A, B, C, and D

12

What is an advantage of water fog or water spray over a straight stream of water in fighting an oil fire?

It has a smothering effect on the fire

It requires less water to remove the same amount of heat

It gives more protection to fire fighting personnel

All of the above

All of the above

13

Before using a fixed CO2 system to fight an engine room fire, you must...

Secure the engine room ventilation

Secure the machinery in the engine room

Evacuate all personnel from the engine room

All of the above

All of the above

14

A fire hose with a nozzle attached must be connected to each hydrant except when exposed to heavy weather or when the...

Fire hose might be damaged by cargo operations

Vessel is in port

Fire-main system is not charged

Fire pumps are used for purposes other than supplying water to the fire main

Fire hose might be damaged by cargo operations

15

You can determine that a CO2 fire extinguisher is fully charged by...

Looking at the gauge

Checking the nameplate data

Weighing by hand

Weighing on a properly calibrated scale

Weighing on a properly calibrated scale

16

A fire in a pile of linen is a class...

A

B

C

D

A

17

What is the most important characteristic of the extinguishing agent in fighting a class "C" fire?

Weight

Temperature

Electrical non-conductivity

Cost

Electrical non-conductivity

18

One of the limitations of foam as an extinguishing agent is that foam...

Cannot be made with salt water

Is heavier than oil and sinks below its surface

Is corrosive and a hazard to fire fighters

Conducts electricity

Conducts electricity

19

Which extinguishing agent will absorb the most heat?

CO2

Foam

Water

Dry chemical

Water

20

To prevent the spread of fire by conduction you should...

Shut off all electrical power

Close all openings to the area

Remove combustibles from direct exposure

Cool the bulkheads around the fire

Cool the bulkheads around the fire

21

Removing which will extinguish a fire?

Nitrogen

Carbon dioxide

Sodium

Oxygen

Oxygen

22

All portable fire extinguishers must be capable of being...

Carried by hand to a fire

Carried or rolled to a fire

Recharged in the field

Used on class "B" fires

Carried by hand to a fire

23

Foam extinguishes a fire mainly by...

Cooling

Chemical action

Smothering

Inerting the air

Smothering

24

Fire extinguishers of sizes III, IV, and V are designated as...

Portable

Semi-portable

Fixed

Disposable

Semi-portable

25

The disadvantage of using CO2 is that the...

CO2 does not cool the fire

Cylinders are regulated pressure vessels

C02 is not effective on class "B" fires

C02 is not effective on class "C" fires

CO2 does not cool the fire

26

Convection spreads a fire by...

The transfer of heat across an unobstructed space

Burning liquids flowing into another space

Transmitting the heat of a fire through the ship's metal

Heated gases flowing through ventilation systems

Heated gases flowing through ventilation systems

27

How do you operate a portable CO2 fire extinguisher?

Point the horn down

Turn cylinder upside-down

Break the rupture disc

Pull pin, squeeze grip

Pull pin, squeeze grip

28

The most effective cooling agent among those normally used to fight fires is...

Water fog or spray

Chemical foam

Mechanical foam

Carbon dioxide

Water fog or spray

29

Ventilation systems connected to a compartment in which a fire is burning are normally closed to prevent the rapid spread of the fire by...

Convection

Conduction

Radiation

Spontaneous combustion

Convection

30

Fire may be spread by which means?

Conduction of heat to adjacent surfaces

Direct radiation

Convection

All of the above

All of the above

31

If a gasoline engine turns over freely but will not start, the cause is generally...

A defective ignition system

Low lube oil level

Weak valve springs

Too heavy a load

A defective ignition system

32

When fueling has been completed....

The fuel tank fill pipe should be left open to allow vapors to vent from the tank

The engine should be started immediately to prevent vapor lock in the fuel line

All hatches should be opened and all compartments should be ventilated

Open the fuel line and drain a small amount of gasoline into the bilge to clear the line of sediment

All hatches should be opened and all compartments should be ventilated

33

Gasoline tanks should be filled...

To the top to expel all vapors from the tanks

To the top so the operator is certain how much fuel he has aboard

With only sufficient fuel for the planned trip so excess gasoline is not carried

To near the top with some space allowed for gasoline expansion

To near the top with some space allowed for gasoline expansion

34

Gasoline fumes tend to...

Settle near the bottom of the bilge

Settle near the top of the bilge

Settle evenly throughout all levels of the bilge by mixing with air

Disperse to atmosphere

Settle near the bottom of the bilge

35

How should the exhaust of a properly operating diesel engine appear?

Light blue haze

Light brown haze

Light gray haze

Perfectly clear

Perfectly clear

36

The nozzle of a gasoline hose or can should be kept...

In contact with the fill opening to guard against static spark

From making contact with the fill opening to guard against static spark

In contact with the fill opening to allow proper venting

None of the above

In contact with the fill opening to guard against static spark

37

Your vessel has a gasoline engine and a mechanical exhaust ventilation system. BEFORE starting the engine, the exhaust blower should be run long enough to...

Warm up the exhaust blower motor

Provide a proper supply of fresh air for the engine(s)

See the system is in good operating condition

Insure at least one complete change of air in the compartments concerned

Insure at least one complete change of air in the compartments concerned

38

To find the cause of a gasoline engine's failure to start, you should...

Break the joint in the fuel line at the engine and let the gas run in the bilges

Disconnect the wires at the spark plugs and make the spark jump the gap

Prime the engine with either through the spark plug openings

Ventilate the space, then check the battery, spark plugs, carburetor, and fuel line

Ventilate the space, then check the battery, spark plugs, carburetor, and fuel line

39

Generally speaking, the fuel injected into a marine diesel engine combustion chamber is ignited by...

Spark plugs

Glow plugs

Heat of compression

A magneto

Heat of compression

40

The shut off valve at the gasoline tank, which can be, operated from outside the tank space...

Controls the amount of gasoline to the engine

Shuts off the gasoline supply at the tank

Is used if the gasoline tank leaks

All of the above

Shuts off the gasoline supply at the tank

41

You receive a call from the U.S. Coast Guard addressed to all stations. The call begins with the words "Pan-Pan" (3 times). Which type of emergency signal would this be?

Safety signal

Urgency signal

Distress signal

Red alert signal

Urgency signal

42

All VHF marine band radios operate in the simplex mode, which means that...

Only one person may talk at a time

Only two persons may talk at a time

The radio only transmits

The radio only receives

Only one person may talk at a time

43

A Coast Guard radiotelephone message about an aid to navigation that is off station is preceded by the word...

"PAN-PAN"

"MAYDAY"

"SOS"

"SECURITY"

"SECURITY"

44

The radiotelephone safety message urgently concerned with safety of a person would be prefixed by the word...

Mayday

Pan

Safety

Interco

Pan

45

Which system is most likely to be affected by atmospheric disturbances?

MF/HF radiotelephone

VHF DSC

INMARSAT

Safety NET

MF/HF radiotelephone

46

Which word is an international distress signal when transmitted by radiotelephone?

Securite

Mayday

Breaker

Pan

Mayday

47

If you are transmitting a distress message by radiotelephone you should ___________.

Use English language

Always use the International Code

Preface it by the word "interco"

Follow the transmission with the radio alarm signal

Use English language

48

What is the minimum size power-driven vessel, not engaged in towing, required to comply with the vessel bridge-to-bridge radiotelephone regulations?

50 meters

25 meters

20 meters

12 meters

20 meters

49

The VHF radiotelephone frequency designated to be used only to transmit or receive information pertaining to the safe navigation of a vessel is...

156.8 MHz (channel 16)

156.7 MHz (channel 14)

156.65 MHz (channel 13)

156.6 MHz (channel 12)

156.65 MHz (channel 13)

50

Which vessels must comply with the vessel bridge-to-bridge radiophone regulations while navigating?

Towing vessels 25 feet in length or less

Passenger vessels of 100 gross tons or greater, carrying one or more passengers for hire

Power-driven vessels 12 meters or less in length

All of the above
If you wished to transmit a message by voice concerning the safety of navigation, you

Passenger vessels of 100 gross tons or greater, carrying one or more passengers for hire

51

If you wished to transmit a message by voice concerning the safety of navigation, you would preface it by the word...

Mayday

Pan-pan

Securite

Safety

Securite

52

In radiotelephone communications, the prefix PAN-PAN indicates that...

A ship is threatened by grave and imminent danger and requests immediate assistance

A calling station has an urgent message about the safety of a person

The message following the prefix will be about the safety of navigation

The message following is a meteorological warning

A calling station has an urgent message about the safety of a person

53

The reception of weak radio signals may be improved by "opening up" the squelch control. What is the normal setting of the squelch control?

Adjust the squelch control until the noise (static) can be heard, then adjust it slightly in the opposite direction until the noise stops

Completely closed with the volume at the highest level

Completely open with the volume at the lowest level

None of the above

Adjust the squelch control until the noise (static) can be heard, then adjust it slightly in the opposite direction until the noise stops

54

The height of a VHF radio antenna is more important than the power output wattage of the radio because...


VHF communications are basically "line of sight"

The air is more dense the higher you go

Salt water is a poor conductor of sound

Sea water absorbs the radiated energy

VHF communications are basically "line of sight"

55

The national distress, safety, and calling frequency is channel...

13

16

18

22

16

56

An inflatable liferaft is thrown into the water from a sinking vessel. What occurs automatically after the painter trips the CO2 bottles to inflate the raft?

The sea anchor deploys

The floor inflates

If upside down, the craft rights itself

The painter detaches from the raft

The sea anchor deploys

57

If you find an inflatable liferaft container with steel bands around the case, you should...

Tell the Master

Leave the bands in place

Tell the Mate

Remove the bands yourself

Leave the bands in place

58

When will the float-free emergency position indicating radio beacon be Activated after abandoning ship?

Immediately after floating free

After about one hour when the salt water activates the battery

Only when keyed by the radar of another vessel

Only when daylight activates the photovoltaic cell

Immediately after floating free

59

The knife on an inflatable liferaft will always be located.......

In one of the equipment bags

In a special pocket near the forward entrance

On a cord hanging from the canopy

In a pocket on the first aid kit

In a special pocket near the forward entrance

60

Which approved lifesaving device is required for each person onboard a motor vessel carrying passangers?

Buoyant cushion

Buoyant vest

Life jacket

Ring life buoy

Life jacket

61

What does "EPIRB" stand for?

Emergency Position Indicating Radar Buoy
Electronic Pulse Indicating Radiobeacon

Emergency Position Indicating Radiobeacon

None of the above

Emergency Position Indicating Radiobeacon

62

Every vessel that operates on the high seas, or beyond 3 miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes must have a Category I 406 MHz EPIRB that..

Is in good operating condition and is stowed near its charger

Will float free and clear of the sinking vessel and automatically activate

Is protected against all physical hazards

All of the above

Will float free and clear of the sinking vessel and automatically activate

63

Which statement is TRUE concerning life preservers (Type I personal flotation devices)?

Buoyant vests may be substituted for life jackets

Life preservers are designed to turn an unconscious person's face clear of the water

Life preservers must always be worn with the same side facing outwards to float properly

Lightly stained or faded life jackets will fail in the water and should not be used

Life preservers are designed to turn an unconscious person's face clear of the water

64

The lights on the outside of the canopy on an inflatable liferaft operate .............

By turning the globe clockwise

By a switch by each light

By a light sensor

Automatically when the raft is inflated

Automatically when the raft is inflated

65

Which vessel is required to carry a Category I, 406 MHz EPIRB?

A vessel operating exclusively on inland waters

A vessel limited to 20 miles offshore, which carries a radiotelephone on board

A vessel operating on the high seas or beyond 3 miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes

A vessel limited to 100 miles offshore

A vessel operating on the high seas or beyond 3 miles from the coastline of the Great Lakes

66

A new liferaft has been installed on your vessel. The operating cord should be...

Attached to the raft stowage cradle or to a secure object nearby with a weak link

Check to see that it's unattached

Coiled neatly on the raft container

Faked on the deck and lead through the deck

Attached to the raft stowage cradle or to a secure object nearby with a weak link

67

Inflatable liferafts are provided with...

Knife

Pump

Lifeline

All of the above

All of the above

68

Traditionally, the signal for fire aboard ship is...

More than 6 short blasts and 1 long blast on the whistle, and the same signal on the general alarm

Continuous sounding of the ship's whistle and the general alarm for at least 10 seconds

1 short blast on the whistle

Alternating short and long blasts on the ship's whistle

Continuous sounding of the ship's whistle and the general alarm for at least 10 seconds

69

What prevents an inflatable liferaft from being pulled under by a vessel which sinks in water over 100 feet in depth?

The hydrostatic release

Nothing

A Rottmer release

The weak link in the painter line

The weak link in the painter line

70

While reading the muster list you see that "3 short blasts on the whistle and 3 short rings on the general alarm bells" is the signal for...

Abandon ship

Dismissal from fire and emergency stations

Fire and emergency

Man overboard

Dismissal from fire and emergency stations

71

The operating cord on a liferaft also serves as a ..........

Lifeline

Painter

Drogue

Marker

Painter

72

By regulation, life preservers aboard an uninspected passanger vessel must be...

Readily accessible

Securely stowed

Stored in sealed containers

Stowed with the emergency provisions

Readily accessible

73

The EPIRB on board your vessel is required to be tested...

Weekly

Monthly

Quarterly

Yearly

Monthly

74

How many distress flares are uninspected passanger vessels required to carry?

3 rocket parachute red day/night flares

3 aerial pyrotechnic red day/night flares

3 handheld red day/night flares

All of the above

All of the above

75

Inflatable liferafts carried on passanger vessels must be anually .............

Overhauled by the ship's crew

Sent to the Coast Guard for servicing

Sent to the steamship company shore repair facility

Sent to a Coast Guard approved service facility

Sent to a Coast Guard approved service facility

76

In cleaning up an oil spill, straw is an example of a...

Chemical agent

Blocker

Sorbent

None of the above

Sorbent

77

Pollution of the waterways may result from the discharge of....

Sewage

The galley trash can

An oily mixture of one part per million

All of the above

All of the above

78

How is the Master or operator of a vessel required to keep the crew informed of the regulations concerning the discharging of garbage overboard?

Give each crew member a copy of ANNEX V of MARPOL

Call an all hands meeting before sailing

Keep placards prominently posted

Have each person read and sign a copy of the regulation

Keep placards prominently posted

79

When oil is accidentally discharged into the water, what should you do after reporting the discharge?

Contain the oil and remove as much of it as possible from the water

Throw chemical agents on the water to disperse the oil

Throw sand on the water to sink the oil

Obtain your permit from the Corps of Engineers

Contain the oil and remove as much of it as possible from the water

80

Which type of marine sanitation device (MSD) is used solely for the storage of sewage and flushwater at ambient air pressure and temperature?

Type I

Type II

Type III

Type IV

Type III

81

Under Annex V to MARPOL 73/78, garbage discharged from vessels that are located between 3 and 12 nautical miles from the nearest land must be ground to less than...

" 1

1-1/4"

1-1/2"

2"

"1

82

Which statement is TRUE concerning small oil spills?

They usually disappear quickly

They usually stay in a small area

They may cause serious pollution, as the effect tends to be cumulative

A small spill is not dangerous to sea life in the area

They may cause serious pollution, as the effect tends to be cumulative

83

Regardless of local requirements/regulations, when in a U.S. port, all oil spills must be reported to...

Environmental Protection Agency

Minerals Management Service

National Response Center (USCG)

All of the above

National Response Center (USCG)

84

Annex V to MARPOL 73/78 contains requirements pertaining to the discharge into the marine environment of...

Oil

Garbage

Noxious liquid substances

None of the above

Garbage

85

You are in Inland Waters of the United States. You may discharge overboard...

Bottles

Metal

Dunnage

None of the above

None of the above

86

Which would be considered pollution under the U.S. water pollution laws?

Garbage

Hazardous substances

Oil

All of the above

All of the above

87

If you fail to notify the Coast Guard of an oil spill, you may be imprisoned up to...

1 year

2 years

3 years

5 years

5 years

88

Most minor spills of oil products are caused by...

Equipment failure

Human error

Major casualties

Unforeseeable circumstances

Human error

89

Plastic material may be discharged overboard from a vessel if it is...

3 miles from shore

12 miles from shore

25 miles from shore

None of the above

None of the above

90

All oil spills must be reported to the...

U.S. Corps of Engineers

U.S. Coast Guard National Response Center

Local police

Local fire department

U.S. Coast Guard National Response Center

91

A metal object on the pier resembling a tree stump and made to receive mooring lines is a ...

Bight

Bollard

Chock

Camel

Bollard

92

The "bowline" is used to...

Join lines of equal size

Form a temporary eye (loop) at the end of a line

Be a stopper

Keep a line from fraying

Form a temporary eye (loop) at the end of a line

93

The "figure eight" knot is used to...

Be a stopper

Shorten a line

Join lines of equal size

Keep a line from passing through a sheave

Be a stopper

94

Which knot is used to attach two different sized lines together?

Granny knot

Sheet bend

Square knot

Thief knot

Sheet bend

95

Which statement concerning a short splice is TRUE?

It is used to temporarily join two lines together

A short splice is stronger than two lines joined by a knot

A short splice decreases the diameter of the line

None of the above

A short splice is stronger than two lines joined by a knot

96

Line is called "small stuff" if its circumference is less than...

1/2"

3/4"

1"

1.5"

1.5"

97

Which type of line will streach the most when under strain?...

Polypropylene

Dacron

Nylon

Manila

Nylon

98

Displacement refers to the ...

Cubic capacity of a vessel

Deadweight carrying capacity of a vessel

Gross tonnage of a vessel

Number of tons of water displaced by a vessel afloat

Number of tons of water displaced by a vessel afloat

99

Under identical load conditions, nylon, when compared with natural fiber line, will stretch ...

Less and have less strength

More and have less strength

More and have greater strength

Less and have greater strength

More and have greater strength

100

Which splice should you use in order to make a permanent loop in a line?

Back splice

Eye splice

Long splice

Short splice

Eye splice

101

The term "lee side" refers to the ...

Side of the vessel exposed to the wind

Side of the vessel sheltered from the wind

Port side

Starboard side

Side of the vessel sheltered from the wind

102

Which type of line will stretch the most when under strain?

Polypropylene

Dacron

Nylon

Manila

Nylon

103

The strongest way to permanently join the two ends of a line is with a ________.

back splice

short splice

square knot

carrick bend

short splice

104

The "square knot" is used for...

Forming temporary eyes in lines

Joining two lines of equal size

Keeping line from fraying

Joining two lines of different size

Joining two lines of equal size

105

The beam of a vessel refers to the ...

Depth between decks

Internal cubic capacity

Molded depth of the vessel

Width of the vessel

Width of the vessel

106

To "belay" a line means to ...

Coil it down

Heave it taut

Stow it below

Secure it to a cleat

Secure it to a cleat

107

A "chock" is a ...

Deck fitting used to secure mooring lines

A metal fitting that guides a line where it leaves a vessel

Sharp block of wood used to support hygroscopic cargo

Smoke pipe for the galley stove

A metal fitting that guides a line where it leaves a vessel

108

Which factor is most likely to impair the strength and durability of synthetic line?

Dry rot

Mildew

Sunlight

Washing with mild soap

Sunlight

109

A whipping on a fiber line ________.

keeps the line from fraying

strengthens it

protects your hands

becomes part of a splice

keeps the line from fraying

110

Which weakens a line the LEAST?

Clove hitch

Long splice

Short splice

Square knot

splice

111

A sea breeze is a wind...

That blows towards the sea at night

That blows towards an island during the day

Caused by cold air descending a coastal incline

Caused by the distant approach of a hurricane

That blows towards an island during the day

112

A generally circular low pressure area is called a(n)...

Cyclone

Anticyclone

Cold front

Occluded front

Cyclone

113

When cold air displaces warm air you have a(n)...

Cold front

Occluded front

Stationary front

Warm front

Cold front

114

The force resulting from the earth's rotation that causes winds to deflect to the right in the Northern Hemisphere is called...

Pressure gradient

Coriolis effect

Aurora borealis

Ballistic deflection

Coriolis effect

115

A boundary between two air masses is a(n)...

Lapse rate

Isobar

Front

Continent

Front

116

The direction of the surface wind is...

Directly from high pressure toward low pressure

Directly from low pressure toward high pressure

From high pressure toward low pressure deflected by the earth's rotation

From the low pressure toward high pressure deflected by the earth's rotation

From high pressure toward low pressure deflected by the earth's rotation

117

Which cloud type is normally associated with thunderstorms?

Cirrus

Stratus

Cumulus

Cumulonimbus

Cumulonimbus

118

The "horse latitudes" are regions of...

Brisk prevailing winds

Light airs and calms

Abundant blue sea grass vegetation

None of the above

Light airs and calms

119

In the Northern Hemisphere a wind that shifts counterclockwise is a ..........

Veering wind

Backing wind

Reverse wind

Chinook wind

Backing wind

120

When a low pressure area is approaching, the weather generally...

Improves

Worsens

Remains the same

Is unpredictable

Worsens

121

The dew point is reached when the...

Temperature of the air equals the temperature of the seawater

Atmospheric pressure is 14.7 lbs. per square inch

Relative humidity reaches 50%

Air becomes saturated with water vapor

Air becomes saturated with water vapor

122

A gale is characterized by a wind speed of...

10 to 20 knots

34 to 47 knots

48 to 63 knots

64 to 83 knots

34 to 47 knots

123

What will a veering wind do?

Change direction in a clockwise manner in the Northern Hemisphere

Circulate about a low pressure center in a counterclockwise manner in the Northern Hemisphere

Vary in strength constantly and unpredictably

Circulate about a high pressure center in a clockwise manner in the Southern Hemisphere

Change direction in a clockwise manner in the Northern Hemisphere

124

The wind direction around a low pressure area in the Northern Hemisphere is...

Clockwise and inward

Clockwise and outward

Counterclockwise and inward

Counterclockwise and outward

Counterclockwise and inward

125

When warm moist air blows over a colder surface and is cooled below its dew point, fog forms as the cooling air reaches saturation the result is...

Radiation fog

Ice fog

Advection fog

Frost smoke

Advection fog

126

On a weather map, a large letter "H" means...

A high pressure area with cool, dry air, and fair weather

A high pressure area with warm, moist air, and inclement weather

Horse latitudes, with rough seas and strong winds

A heavy squall line near the "H"

A high pressure area with cool, dry air, and fair weather

127

What is a common unit of measure for atmospheric pressure?

Centimeters

Inches

Degrees

Feet

Inches

128

A local wind, which occurs during the daytime and is caused by the different rates of warming of land and water is a...

Foehn

Chinook

Land breeze

Sea breeze

Sea breeze

129

The most important information to be obtained from a barometer is the...

Difference between the reading of the two pointers, which shows wind direction

Last two figures of the reading of the pointer, such as .87, .76, or .92

Present reading of the pressure, combined with the changes in pressure observed in the recent past

Weather indications printed on the dial (such as "cold, wet, etc.") under the pointer

Present reading of the pressure, combined with the changes in pressure observed in the recent past

130

You are operating a twin-screw vessel and lose your port engine. You continue to operate on your starboard engine only. Which action would you take to move your vessel ahead in a straight line?

Compensate with right rudder

Compensate with left rudder

Surge the starboard engine

Rudder amidships - no compensation is necessary on a twin-screw vessel

Compensate with right rudder

131

The distance gained in the direction of the original course when you are making a turn is known as...

Advance

Drift

Tactical diameter

Transfer

Advance

132

A twin-screw vessel is easier to maneuver than a single-screw vessel because the twin-screw vessel...

Permits the rudder to move faster

Generates more power

Can turn without using her rudder

Can suck the water away from the rudder

Can turn without using her rudder

133

A racetrack turn would be better than a Williamson turn in recovering a man overboard if...

The man has been missing for a period of time

The sea water is very cold and the man is visible

There is thick fog

The wind was from astern on the original course

The sea water is very cold and the man is visible

134

A common occurance when a vessel is running into shallow water is that...

The wake is less pronounced

The vessel is more responsive to the rudder

"Squat" will cause a decrease in bottom clearance and an increase in draft

All of the above

"Squat" will cause a decrease in bottom clearance and an increase in draft

135

A vessel is equipped with twin propellers, both turning outboard with the engines half ahead. If there is no wind or current and the rudders are amidships, what will happen?

The bow will swing to starboard

The bow will swing to port

The vessel will steer a zig zag course

The vessel will steer a fairly straight course

The vessel will steer a fairly straight course

136

How does the effect known as "bank suction" act on a single-screw vessel proceeding along a narrow channel?

It pulls the bow toward the bank

It pulls the stern toward the bank

It pushes the entire vessel away from the bank

It heels the vessel toward the bank

It pulls the stern toward the bank

137

Your vessel is dead in the water with the rudder amidships. As the right-handed screw starts to turn ahead, the bow will tend to go...

To starboard

To port

Straight ahead

As influenced by the tide and sea

To port

138

The pivoting point of a vessel going ahead is...

At the hawsepipe

About one-third of the vessel's length from the bow

About two-thirds of the vessel's length from the bow

Near the stern

About one-third of the vessel's length from the bow

139

The forward movement of a vessel in one revolution of its propeller is measured by...

Advance

Head reach

The pitch

Transfer

The pitch

140

Which shallow water effect will increase dramatically if you increase your ship's speed?

Squatting

Smelling the bottom

Sinkage

Bank cushion

Squatting

141

In a Williamson turn the rudder is put over full until the...

Vessel has turned 90° From her original course

Vessel has turned 60° From her original course

Vessel is on a reciprocal course

Emergency turn signal sounds

Vessel has turned 60° From her original course

142

Your vessel is broken down and rolling in heavy seas. You can reduce the danger of capsizing by...

Constantly shifting the rudder

Moving all passengers to one side of the boat

Rigging a sea anchor

Moving the passengers to the stern

Rigging a sea anchor

143

When hugging the bank in a narrow channel, you should take precausions against...

Bank suction and squat

The effects of vessels passing close aboard

Striking underwater obstructions close to the bank

All of the above

All of the above

144

Which effect does speed through the water have on a vessel, which is underway in shallow water?

A decrease in the speed results in a decrease in steering response and maneuverability

An increase in speed results in the stern sucking down lower than the bow

An increase in speed results in the vessel rising on an even plane

A decrease in speed results in the vessel sucking down on an even plane

An increase in speed results in the stern sucking down lower than the bow

145

When underway and proceeding ahead, as the speed increases, the pivot point tends to...

Move aft

Move forward

Move lower

Remain stationary

Move forward

146

While underway in thick fog you are on watch and hear the cry "man overboard". Which type of maneuver should you make?

Figure eight turn

Round turn

Racetrack turn

Williamson turn

Williamson turn

147

A wedge of water building up between the bow and nearer bank, which forces the bow out and away, describes...

Bank cushion

Bank suction

Combined effect

Bend effect

Bank cushion

148

The effect known as "bank cushion" acts in which of the following ways on a single-screw vessel proceeding along a narrow channel?

It forces the bow away from the bank

It forces the stern away from the bank

It forces the entire vessel away from the bank

It heels the vessel toward the bank

It forces the bow away from the bank

149

In relation to the turning circle of a ship, the term "transfer" means the distance...

Gained in the direction of the original course

Gained at right angles to the original course

The ship moves sideways from the original course

Around the circumference of the turning circle

Gained at right angles to the original course

150

A person who sees someone fall overboard should...

Call for help and keep the individual in sight.

Run to the radio room to send an emergency message.

Immediately jump in the water to assist the individual.

Go to the bridge for the distress flares.

Call for help and keep the individual in sight.

151

Fire and abandon ship stations and duties may be found on the...

Crewman's duty list

Certificate of Inspection

Shipping articles

Muster list

Muster list

152

After a collision or accident involving an uninspected vessel, regulations require that the operator assist persons affected, but only if the operator can do so without...

Further damaging the other vessel

Undue delay

Serious danger to his or her own vessel

Creating a panic on the other vessel

Serious danger to his or her own vessel

153

Following a collision or accident, the Master of each vessel involved must render assistance to persons affected by the collision or accident...

If he can do so without any risk to his vessel

If he can do so without undue delay

If he can do so without serious danger to his vessel or to individuals on board

Without regard to any danger to his vessel

If he can do so without serious danger to his vessel or to individuals on board

154

The Muster List shows each person's lifeboat station, duties during abandonment, basic instructions, and ...

All emergency signals

Instructions for lowering the lifeboats

The time each weekly drill will be held

Work schedule

All emergency signals

155

Which information MUST be entered on the muster list?

Names of all crew members

Use and application of special equipment

Listing of approved emergency equipment

Duties and station of each person during emergencies

Duties and station of each person during emergencies

156

You are on watch at sea at night and a fire breaks out in hold #3. What should be done IMMEDIATELY?

Shut down the cargo hold ventilation

Proceed to the space and determine the extent of the fire

Flood the space with CO2 from the fixed fire fighting system

Cool the deck to contain the fire

Shut down the cargo hold ventilation

157

By law the maximum penalty for failing (without resonable cause) to give aid in case of collision is...

One year imprisonment or $500.00

Two years imprisonment or $500.00

Two years imprisonment or $1,000.00

Two years imprisonment or $2,000.00

Two years imprisonment or $1,000.00

158

One of your crew members falls overboard from the starboard side. You should IMMEDIATELY...

Apply left rudder

Throw the crew member a life ring buoy

Begin backing your engines

Position your vessel to windward and begin recovery

Throw the crew member a life ring buoy

159

f you wear extra clothing when entering the water after abandoning ship it will...

Weigh you down

Preserve body heat

Reduce your body heat

Make it more difficult to breathe

Preserve body heat

160

The number of fire extinguishers required to be carried on an uninspected "motor vessel" (more than 65 feet) is based on the vessel's _________. (Uninspected Vessel Regulations)

length

gross tonnage

draft

crew list

gross tonnage

161

A Safety Orientation Placard found on vessels carrying six or fewer passengers for hire contains information on all except...(Uninspected Vessel Regulations)

Stowage location of life preservers

Proper method of donning and adjusting PFDs

The location and contents of the Emergency Checkoff List

The emergency radio call signal of the vessel

The emergency radio call signal of the vessel

162

An emergency check-off list is required on vessels carrying six or fewer passengers for hire.  The list must contain information on all of the following EXCEPT ... (Uninspected Vessel Regulations)

Actions required for crossing hazardous bars

Actions required in the event of accident

Actions required in the event of a man overboard

Actions required in the event of a fire at sea

Actions required in the event of accident

163

Which is a B-II fire extinguisher? (Uninspected Vessel Regulations)

A 2-1/2 gallon water (stored pressure) extinguisher

A 15 lb. CO2 extinguisher

A 2 lb. dry chemical extinguisher

A 1-1/4 gallon foam extinguisher

A 15 lb. CO2 extinguisher

164

By regulation, life preservers aboard an Uninspected towing vessel must be __________. (Uninspected Vessel Regulations)

readily accessible

securely stowed

stored in sealed containers

stowed with the emergency provisions

readily accessible