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A Level Sociology: Crime and Deviance (AQA) > Subcultural Theories > Flashcards

Flashcards in Subcultural Theories Deck (7)
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1

What are the two main subcultural theorists?

Cohen (status frustration)
Cloward and Ohlin (3 subcultures)

2

What is Cohen's idea of status frustration?

The working class can't acheive through legitimate means so are frustrated and turn to crime as an alternative way of gaining status

3

What are the three neighbourhoods described by Cloward and Ohlin?

Criminal subculture
Conflict subcultures
Retreatist subcultures

4

What is a criminal subculture?

A stable criminal culture where youths have acess to adult criminals who can train them and help them progress up the criminal career ladder

5

What is a conflict subculture?

There are high levels of social disorganisation which stop a stable criminal network from forming. Thee is a lot of gang violence

6

What is a retreatist culture?

People fail in both legitimate and illigitimate means so turn to drugs

7

What are the weaknesses of subcultural theory?

Ignore white collar crime
Draw subcultural boundaries too sharply and ignore how they can all act together