Subjunctive: indicators of Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Subjunctive: indicators of Deck (56):
1

it's necessary that

Es necesario que +Subj

2

It's fair that

es justo que +subj

3

It is obligatory that

es obligitorio que +subj

4

as soon as
Get up as early as you can.

tan pronto como + subj
Levántate tan pronto como puedas.

5

I'll come as soon as possible.

Vendré tan pronto como sea posible.

6

Provided that

con tal de que

7

Any car will do, as long as it runs.

Con tal de que corra, cualquier coche sirve.

8

I don't care as long as you are happy.

No me importa, con tal de que seas feliz.

9

It doesn't matter whether the cat is black or white as long as it catches mice.

No importa de qué color sea el gato, con tal de que cace ratones. (3rd Pers Sing Subj of cazar =t o hunt)

10

From Spanishdict.com
Impersonal expressions work a lot like emotions in that they are someone’s opinion or value judgement. They focus on the subjectivity of the statement and not on the actual truth or reality of the situation.

Almost any phrase with the es + adjective + que can be an impersonal expression as long as it doesn’t state any truth (es verdad que), certainty (es cierto que), or fact (es hecho que). These are indicative. But their opposites (no es verdad que, etc.) are subjunctive.

11

It is necessary that Jaime reads this book

Es necesario que Jaime lea este libro

12

It’s odd that I receive a gift because it isn’t my birthday.

Es extraño que reciba un regalo porque no es mi cumpleaños

13

(It is not certain that my brother is coming.

No es cierto que mi hermano venga

14

It is probable that we are going to the beach.

Es probable que vayamos a la playa.

15

it is nice

es agradable

16

it is good

es bueno

17

it is curious

es curioso

18

it is doubtful

es dudoso

19

it is essential

es esencial

20

it is great

es estupendo

21

it is strange

es extraño

22

it is important

es importante

23

it is incredible

es increíble

24

it is bad

es malo

25

it is necessary

es necesario

26

it is probable

es probable

27

it is rare

es raro

28

it is recommended

es recomendable

29

it is a pity

es una lástima

30

it is urgent

es urgente

31

it is a disgrace

es vergonzoso

32

it is not certain

no es cierto

33

it is not a fact

no es hecho

34

it is not true

no es verdad

35

I doubt that Victoria studies Spanish.

Dudo que Victoria estudie español.

36

It is possible that Victoria studies Spanish.

Es posible que Victoria estudie español.

37

It is good that Victoria studies Spanish.

Es bueno que Victoria estudie español.

38

Wishes

desear, esperar, exigir, insistir, preferir, querer, pedir, necesitar, etc.

39

Emotions

alegrarse, enojar, sentir, encantar, lamentar, sorprender, etc.

40

Impersonal expressions

es extraño que, es importante que, es fantástico que, etc.

41

Recommendations

recomendar, sugerir, aconsejar, ordenar, mandar, insistir, etc.

42

Doubt and Denial

dudar, no creer, no estar seguro, no parecer, no comprender, no pensar, no es cierto que, etc.

43

Ojalá

Hopefully (I or we hope)

44

Unless

A menos que

45

So that

Para que

46

Without

Sin que

47

Before

Antes que

48

Provided that

Con tal de que

49

It's difficult

Es dificil que

50

Maybe

Tal vez

51

From 123 Teach me
The subjunctive mood is used primarily in dependent clauses.

Of course, the subjunctive mood is used on other occasions as well, depending on the type of clause, the action/state involved, and its relationship to other elements in the sentences such as the governing verb.

52

Adjectival clauses function as adjectives modifying a noun or pronoun, which is known as the antecedent (antecedente). These clauses are most frequently introduced by the relative pronouns que (which/that/who) quien/quienes (who), el que, la que, los que, los que (which/that/who), or el/la cual, los/las cuales (which/that/who).

If the noun modified is a definite one, then the indicative is used.

Speaking about a specific secretary - (indicative)

Busco a la secretaria que habla español.
I'm looking for the secretary who speaks Spanish.

53

If the noun or pronoun modified is negated, nonexistent, vague, or indefinite, then the verb in the modifying clause will be in the subjunctive.

Speaking about a non-specific secretary (one which may, or may not exist) - (subjunctive)

Estoy buscando una secretaria que hable español.
I am looking for a secretary who speaks Spanish.

54

Is there someone here who speaks Spanish?

¿Hay alguien aquí que hable español?

55

We are looking for a peace that is lasting.

Buscamos una paz que sea duradera.

56

Do you know anyone who is a soldier?

¿Conoce usted a alguien que sea soldado?