Flashcards in Subjunctive Mood Deck (16):
What are the different types of trigger words?
Want/wish/desire; emotion; impersonal expression; request/recommendation; doubt/denial; ojalá
What is the acronym for the subjunctive trigger categories?
What are some examples of Want/Wish/Desire subjunctive trigger words?
Querer (to want), desear (to want), esperar (to hope for), preferir (to prefer)
What are some examples of Emotion subjunctive trigger words?
Tengo miedo de que (I'm afraid that), estoy feliz de que (I'm happy that), me sorprende que (it surprises me that), Estoy triste que (I'm sad that), me gusta que (I like that)
How do you set up the present subjunctive?
A trigger word + que + change of subject
What are some examples of Impersonal Expression subjunctive trigger words?
Es importante (It's important that), es bueno (it's good that), es malo (it's bad that), es increíble (it's incredible that)
What are some examples of Request/Recommendation subjunctive trigger words?
Recomiendo (I recommend that), insisto (I insist that), sugiero (I suggest that), pido (I ask)
What are some examples of Doubt/Denial subjunctive trigger words?
Dudo (I doubt that), niego (I deny that), no creo que (I don't believe that), no pienso (I don't think that)
What are examples of false friends?
Creo (I believe that), pienso (I think that), no dudo (I don't doubt), estoy seguro (I am sure)
What are false friends?
Opposites of Doubt/Denial words that aren't part of the subjunctive. Expressing certainty uses the indicative.
What are some examples of Ojalá subjunctive trigger words?
Ojalá (let's hope that)
What language does the word ojalá originate from?
How do you form the subjunctive?
Put the verb into the 'yo' form of the present tense, drop the -o, and add opposite endings
Which words have spelling changes when forming the subjunctive?
Words ending in -car (que), -gar (gue), -zar (ce), -ger (ja), -guir (ga), and -gir (ja)
What are the stem changing verbs in the subjunctive?
Pensar, jugar, volver, pedir, and dormir