Substance Related and Addictive Disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Substance Related and Addictive Disorders Deck (32):
1

What are the 5 common criteria associated with substance abuse disorders?

1. _____ USE DISORDER (doesn't apply to caffeine)

2. _____ INTOXICATION (doesn't apply to tobacco)

3. _____ WITHDRAWAL

4. OTHER _____ -INDUCED DISORDER

5. UNSPECIFIED_____ -RELATED DISORDER

2

What is substance intoxication?

maladaptive behavior or psychological changes caused by recently taking a substance

3

what is substance withdrawal?

when the body reacts negatively to less intake of the drug and person will take substance to avoid reactions

4

What is ________ use disorder?

A. problematic pattern of _________ use leading to clinically significant distress or impairment w/ 2 (or more) Sx: for 1 year period:

-taken in larger amounts or over a longer period of time
-desire or efforts to cut down
-much time taken obtaining, using or controlling use
-cravings or strong desire to use
-failure to fulfill role obligations
-continued use despite social/interpersonal problems
-activities reduced due to substance
-recurrent use in hazardous situations
-continued use despite physical/psychological problems
-tolerance
-withdrawal

5

________ intoxification?

A. recent ingestion of _______ (substance)

B. clinically significant problematic behavior or psychological changes from ingestion of substance

C. _____# of Sx: develop shortly after use:

6

_________withdrawal?

A. reduction of ________substance use that has been heavy and prolonged

B. ______# of Sx following reduction in use:

C. Sx in (B) cause impairment

7

Can alcohol withdrawal cause hallucinations ?

YES

8

What is the worlds most commonly used stimulant?

coffee

9

What substance disorder withdrawals results in death?

alcohol

10

what contributes to 100,000 deaths annually?

alcohol

11

43% of US adults (76 mil) have been exposed to alcoholism in the family

TRUE

12

Peopel who begin drinking before age 15 are ______ times more likely to develop alcoholism than those who begin at 21?

4 x times

13

in 1957 Alcohol was considered a disease?

TRUE

14

What are alcohol related disorders?

1. Alcohol Use Disorder
2. Alcohol Intoxication
3. Alcohol Withdrawal
4. Other Alcohol-induced disorders
5. unspecified alcohol-related disorder

15

What is Alcohol Intoxication?

A. recent ingestion of alcohol
B. problematic behavioral/psychological changes after ue

C. 1+ Sx shortly after use:
-slurred speech
-incoordination
-unsteady gait
-nystagmus
-impaired attention/memory
-stupor/coma

16

What is Caffeine intoxication?

Sx shortly after use:
-restlessness
-insomnia
-increased urination
-muscle twitching
-rambling speech
-agitation
-nervousness

17

What are Caffeine-Related Disorders?

1. Caffeine intoxication
2. caffeine withdrawal
3. other caffeine-induced disorders
4. unspecified caffeine-related disorder

18

Caffeine Withdrawal?

must show that Sx produce significant clinical imipairment

90% of people regularly use caffeine

US avg. daily caffeine intake = 280milligrams

19

Cannabis-Related Disorders?

1. Cannabis Use Disorder
2. Cannabis Intoxication
3. Cannabis Withdrawal
4. Other Cannabis-induced disorders
5. unspecified Cannabis-related disorder

20

Cannabis Use Disorder?

A. problematic pattern of CANNABIS use leading to clinically significant distress or impairment w/ 2 (or more) Sx: for 1 year period:

-taken in larger amounts or over a longer period of time
-desire or efforts to cut down
-much time taken obtaining, using or controlling use
-cravings or strong desire to use
-failure to fulfill role obligations
-continued use despite social/interpersonal problems
-activities reduced due to substance
-recurrent use in hazardous situations
-continued use despite physical/psychological problems
-tolerance
-withdrawal

21

Long term effects of inhalants?

brain damage
cognitive abnormalities
damage to heart, lungs, liver & kidneys

22

Stimulant-Related (cocaine/amphetamine) Disorders

1. Stimulant Use Disorder
2. Stimulant Intoxication
3. Stimulant Withdrawal
4. Other Stimulant-induced disorders
5. unspecified Stimulant-related disorder

23

Amphetamine street names?

uppers
speed
crank
crystal
glass
ice
meth
tweak

increased alertness & motor activity (large doses = psychotic sx)

high lasts 12-24 hours

low weight

fast tolerance

24

Amphetamine Withdrawal Sx?

irritability
agitation
fatigue
hunger
depression
paranoia

25

What is the most powerfully addictive drugs available?

cocaine

26

cocaine street names?

coke
crack (smokable)
toot
blow
dust
snow
rock
girl



27

cocaine side effects?

increased energy, mood, euphoria, clarity, competence

depression, suicide, memory impairment, depression, irrtiability, isolation, anxiety/paranoia, hallucinations

28

What drug is one of the most leading causes of death?

Nicotine

29

20% of all deaths in US are due to effects of smoking?

TRUE

30

Tobacco-Related Disorders?

1. Tobacco Use Disorder
2. Tobacco Withdrawal
3. Other Tobacco-Induced Disorders
4. Unspecified Tobacco-Related Disorders

******(NO TOBACCO INTOXICATION)

31

Non-substance-Related (addictive) Disorders?

Gambling Disorder

32

Gambling Disorder

(non-substance-Related (addictive) Disorders)

A. problematic gambling w/ 4+ Sx for 1 year
-gambling with more amounts
-restless/irritable when cutting back
-unsucessful at cutting back/stopping
-preoccupied with gambling
-gambles when distressed
-after losing, returns next day to get even
-lies to conceal gambling
-gambling has jeopardized relationships
-relies on others to provide money

B. NOT DUE TO MANIC EPISODE