Substance related and addictive disorders Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Substance related and addictive disorders Deck (18):
1

What is drug use that deviates from the approved social or medical pattern, usually causing impairment or disruption to function in self or others

abuse

2

what is the hallmark of substance use disorders and comes in behavioural, physical, and psychological forms?

dependence

3

Almost all drugs of abuse increase _______ in the nucleus _____, an action that contributes to their euphoric properties and, with repeated use, to their ability to change signalling pathways in the brain's reward sytstem

increase dopamine in the nucleus accumbens = euphoria

4

substance use disorders arise from multifactorial interactions between _____ and _____

genes and environment

5

What are the criteria for substance use disorder PEC WITH MCAT (PEC in this question)

use despite PHYSICAL or PSYCHOLOGICAL Problem

failures in important EXTERNAL roles at work/school/home

CRAVING or a strong desire to use substance

6

What are the criteria for substance use disorder PEC WITH MCAT (WITH in this question)

WITHDRAWAL

continued use despite INTERPERSONAL problems

TOLERANCE

use in physically HAZARDOUS situations

7

What are the criteria for substance use disorder PEC WITH MCAT (MCAT in this question)

MORE substance for longer
can't CUT down
give up ACTIVITIES
excessive TIME spent using/finding substance

8

alcohol, opiods, barbituates, benzos, and GHB are what category of substances?

Depressants. alcohol, opiods, barbituates, benzos, and GHB

9

Euphoria, slurred speech, disinhibition, confusion, poor coordination, coma (Severe) are intoxication sx caused by what category of substances?

Depressants.
Alcohol, Opiods, Barbituates, Benzos, and GHB

10

Anxiety, anhedonia, tremor, seizures, insomnia, psychosis, delirium, death are withdrawal sx caused by what category of substances?

Depressants.
Alcohol, Opiods, Barbituates, Benzos, and GHB

11

Amphetamines, Methylphenidate, MDMA, Cocaine are what category of substances?

Stimulants. Amphetamines, Methylphenidate, MDMA, Cocaine.

12

Intoxications; euphoria, mania, psychomotor agitation, anxiety, psychosis (paranoia), insomnia, CV complications, seizure are caused by what category of substances?

Stimulants. Amphetamines, Methylphenidate, MDMA, Cocaine.

13

Withdrawal; Crash, craving, dysphoria, suicidality are caused by what category of substances?

Stimulants. Amphetamines, Methylphenidate, MDMA, Cocaine.

14

LSD, Mescaline, psilocybin, PCP, ketamine, ibogaine, salvia are all what types of substances?

Hallucinogens. LSD, Mescaline, psilocybin, PCP, ketamine, ibogaine, salvia.

15

Intoxication; distortion of sensory stimuli and enhancement of feelings, psychosis, delirium, anxiety, poor coordination are caused by what category of substances?

Hallucinogens. LSD, Mescaline, psilocybin, PCP, ketamine, ibogaine, salvia.

16

Withdrawal is absent in by what category of substances?

Hallucinogens. LSD, Mescaline, psilocybin, PCP, ketamine, ibogaine, salvia.

17

What are three broad classification of substances?

Depressants, Stimulants, Hallucinogens

18

What are the CAGE questions?

1. Cut down 2. Annoyed at criticism of drinking 3. Guilty for drinking? 4. Eye opener