Suffixes & Prefixes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Suffixes & Prefixes Deck (23):
1

Ana-

Up/ back/ again (eg Anaplasia - cells with poor differentiation)

2

Dys-

Bad/ ill/ abnormal (eg Dysplasia - enlargement of organ by abnormal cells)

3

Hyper-

Excess

4

Hypo-

Below/ less than normal

5

Meta-

Beyond (eg Metastatic - cancer moved beyond primary source)

6

-itis

Inflammation (eg pancreatitis)

7

-oma

Cancer (eg lymphoma)

8

-oid

Resembling (eg fibrinoid - looks like fibrin)

9

-penia

Deficiency (eg thrombocytopenia - lack of platelets)

10

-cytosis

Cells (eg phagocytosis - engulfing of cells)

11

-ectasis

Dilation/ expansion (eg bronchiectasis - dilation of bronchi)

12

-plasia

Formation (eg neoplasia - formation of new tissue)

13

-opathy

Disease/ disorder (eg encephalopathy - disease of brain)

14

-osis

Process (eg cyanosis - blue discolouration of skin)

15

Hypertrophy

Enlargement of organ/ tissue due to increased size of cells

16

Hyperplasia

Enlargement of organ/ tissue due to increased rate of reproduction of cells

17

Fistula

Abnormal passage between tissues

18

Dysplasia

Enlargement of organ/ tissue due to proliferation of cells of an abnormal type

19

Neoplasia

Formation of new abnormal tissue

20

Embolus

Object carried in blood (air bubble, clot, fatty deposit)

21

Thrombus

Blood clot formed in vascular system

22

Metastasis

Development of secondary malignant growths at a site away from primary cancer

23

Differentiation

Process where cells change to perform a specific function