Flashcards in Suicide (12) Deck (21):
Name some immutable risks for suicide:
Cultural/ religious belief about suicide
Name some circumstantial risks for suicide:
Physical injury/ illness
Access to lethal means
Name some modifiable risks for suicide:
Drinking/ drug use
Current psychiatric illness
Anxiety, panic attacks, agitation, insomnia
What is the "risk triad" composed of?
Ideation, Intention, Plan
What is the rate of suicide in the US? How many attempts and successful attempts a year?
30,000 successful attempts
Is suicide common in teens?
Yes, 3rd leading cause in death
T/F: Adult suicide rate decreases after the age of 55
False...it increases substantially
Explain the trends of suicide in the elderly?
Decreases for women and increases for men
Attempts are less frequent but are generally more successful
What gender attempts suicide more often? What gender is more successful?
Women attempts more frequently (usually by less lethal means)
Men are more successful (use more violent means)
Which ethnicity has the highest rate of suicide in the US?
White americans and american indians/ Alaskan natives
How does marital status influence suicide?
Lowest in married (especially if children in home)
Higher rate if separated or divorced
Higher especially if the loss of the partner occurred in the recent past
How does religion influence suicide rates?
Catholics and Islamics might have lower rates than protestants.
May depend more on the degree of orthodoxy rather than the religion itself
How does employment status influence suicide rates?
Rate higher in unemployed
How does type of occupation influence suicide rate?
Rate higher in professionals (doctors, dentists, Police officers, lawyers)
T/F: Female physicians have a higher risk of suicide than any other women
What are some "other" risk factors for suicide?
Substance abuse, aggressive/ impulsive behavior, genetics, family history, climate
What types of mental health conditions are associated with suicide?
What genetic mutation is associated with suicide risk?
s allele of 5-HTT gene
What are some "other" types of suicide?
Victim- Precipitated Homicide
How is suicide "treated"?
Interview about the triad, take a good history about risk factors
Use lease restrictive approach (meds to lower anxiety, slower acting antidepressants, increase support)