Suicide (12) Flashcards Preview

MSII: Behavioral Science > Suicide (12) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Suicide (12) Deck (21):
1

Name some immutable risks for suicide:

Patient's history

Family history

Demographics

Cultural/ religious belief about suicide

Personality traits

2

Name some circumstantial risks for suicide:

Unemployment

Financial difficulties

Relationship difficulties

Physical injury/ illness

Life transitions

Access to lethal means

3

Name some modifiable risks for suicide:

Drinking/ drug use

Nicotine use

Unstructured time

Perceived stress

Current psychiatric illness

Hopelessness, helplessness

Anxiety, panic attacks, agitation, insomnia

Delusions

4

What is the "risk triad" composed of?

Ideation, Intention, Plan

5

What is the rate of suicide in the US? How many attempts and successful attempts a year?

12/100,000

600,000 attempts

30,000 successful attempts

6

Is suicide common in teens?

Yes, 3rd leading cause in death

7

T/F: Adult suicide rate decreases after the age of 55

False...it increases substantially

8

Explain the trends of suicide in the elderly?

Decreases for women and increases for men

Attempts are less frequent but are generally more successful

9

What gender attempts suicide more often? What gender is more successful?

Women attempts more frequently (usually by less lethal means)

Men are more successful (use more violent means)

10

Which ethnicity has the highest rate of suicide in the US?

White americans and american indians/ Alaskan natives

11

How does marital status influence suicide?

Lowest in married (especially if children in home)

Higher rate if separated or divorced

Higher especially if the loss of the partner occurred in the recent past

12

How does religion influence suicide rates?

Catholics and Islamics might have lower rates than protestants.

May depend more on the degree of orthodoxy rather than the religion itself

13

How does employment status influence suicide rates?

Rate higher in unemployed

14

How does type of occupation influence suicide rate?

Rate higher in professionals (doctors, dentists, Police officers, lawyers)

15

T/F: Female physicians have a higher risk of suicide than any other women

True

16

What are some "other" risk factors for suicide?

Substance abuse, aggressive/ impulsive behavior, genetics, family history, climate

17

What types of mental health conditions are associated with suicide?

Depression, schizophrenia

18

What genetic mutation is associated with suicide risk?

s allele of 5-HTT gene

19

What are some "other" types of suicide?

Victim- Precipitated Homicide

Muder-Suicide

20

How is suicide "treated"?

Interview about the triad, take a good history about risk factors

Use lease restrictive approach (meds to lower anxiety, slower acting antidepressants, increase support)

Hospitalization

21

Name some antisuicide Rx?

Antidepressants?

ECT

Ketamine IV

Lithium

Clozapine