Flashcards in Suicide (Exam 2) Deck (50):
What is the World wide statistics according to World Health Organization (WHO) for people who attempt suicide worldwide?
10 to 20 times more people attempted suicide worldwide
What does the WHO data say about suicide rates in the last 45 years?
have increased by 60% worldwide
What does the WHO data say about who suicide rates are traditionally high for?
rates traditionally are highest among elderly males
What does the WHO data say about suicide as the leading cause of death?
now among 3 leading causes of death among 15-44 (both sexes)
How many attempters are there in the US for suicide?
8-20 attempts per each suicide
How many people who commit suicide have made a previous attempt in the US?
at least 50% of people who commit suicide have made previous attempts
What rank is suicide for the leading cause of death in the US?
10th leading cause of death in the US
How much does attempting suicide increase the risk of completion?
23 times higher for completion
Are there more death by suicides than homicide in the US?
How many more suicides are there than homicides in the US?
more than 2 times suicides than homicides
Do married people have low suicide rates?
Who do married people have lower suicide rates than?
Which professionals are at higher risk for suicide?
-law enforcement officers
Are suicide rates higher with certain psychological conditions?
Which race accounts for majority of all suicides?
What are the percentages of whites that commit suicides?
white total - 90%
white males- 71%
By how much do men complete suicides than women?
by 4 times more completions than women
What is the percentage of suicide by firearms for white men?
By how much do women attempt suicide than men?
by 3 times more attempts than men
What has been happening with women's rates of attempted suicide in the last 20 years?
they have been rising in the last 20 years
Why have women's rates of suicide attempts been rising?
lethality of the method (poisoning and firearms)
Are methods chosen to attempt suicide important?
Which method is a very lethal mode?
What are the suicide prevention efforts for the Golden Gate Bridge?
Is the documentary by Eric Steel controversial?
What is the controversy of the film?
-Steel states lied to protect people
-tricked the Golden Gate Bridge Officials
Is the Golden Gate Bridge a notorious suicide site?
What are some reactions to suicide?
-generalized feelings of disturbance
Is "people hwo say they'll do it, won't" a myth of suicide?
is "it's just attention seeking" a myth of suicide?
yes, most people try to let someone know beforehand
Is "suicide done without warning" a myth?
yes, some people tell people they act differently (giving away valuable items)
Is "people who attempt suicide really want to die" a myth?
yes, they just want help
Is "suicide occurs around Christmas/wintertime/northern latitudes" a myth?
yes, highest rates in spring
Are there actual "predictors" for predicting suicide?
What are some "predictors" for predicting suicide?
-drug and alcohol use
-past attempts (past hospitalizations)
-few reasons for living
-loss as a predictor
Is it mathematically impossible to predict suicide?
Why is it mathematically impossible to predict suicide?
-base rates per population too low
-mostly get false negatives
-risks of false positives too high
What is the framework for understanding suicide?
suicide represents problem solving attempt (coping problems)
Is suicide illegal to attempt in the US?
What does the law do if you attempt suicide in the US?
-can be arrested
What is SLAP?
-lethality (how deadly is the plan)
-availability (of means)
-proximity (of helping resources)
For suicide assessment, do you ask what the problems the person is experiencing?
Yes, "What is/are the problem(s) the person is experiencing right now?"
For suicide assessment, do you ask how much they want to die vs how much they want to live?
yes, "ask how much the person wants to die versus how much they want to live"
For suicide assessment do you assess the person's social support network?
yes, assess the person's social support network and utilize people in their life
For suicide assessment, do you assess their capability of controlling impulses?
yes, assess their capability of controlling impulses
For suicide assessment, do you assess substance abuse?
yes, assess substance abuse (no drinking or drugs)
What is part of the crisis management?
make sure client has an emergency plan and give the person hope
What happens during an emergency plan?
may have client go to emergency room if nothing or no one else is available
How do you give the person hope?
share your hope with the person that they'll make it through