Suicide (Exam 2) Flashcards Preview

PSYC 110 > Suicide (Exam 2) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Suicide (Exam 2) Deck (50):
1

What is the World wide statistics according to World Health Organization (WHO) for people who attempt suicide worldwide?

10 to 20 times more people attempted suicide worldwide

2

What does the WHO data say about suicide rates in the last 45 years?

have increased by 60% worldwide

3

What does the WHO data say about who suicide rates are traditionally high for?

rates traditionally are highest among elderly males

4

What does the WHO data say about suicide as the leading cause of death?

now among 3 leading causes of death among 15-44 (both sexes)

5

How many attempters are there in the US for suicide?

8-20 attempts per each suicide

6

How many people who commit suicide have made a previous attempt in the US?

at least 50% of people who commit suicide have made previous attempts

7

What rank is suicide for the leading cause of death in the US?

10th leading cause of death in the US

8

How much does attempting suicide increase the risk of completion?

23 times higher for completion

9

Are there more death by suicides than homicide in the US?

yes

10

How many more suicides are there than homicides in the US?

more than 2 times suicides than homicides

11

Do married people have low suicide rates?

yes

12

Who do married people have lower suicide rates than?

-single people
-divorced
-separated
-widowed

13

Which professionals are at higher risk for suicide?

-psychologists/psychiatrists
-lawyers
-dentists
-law enforcement officers

14

Are suicide rates higher with certain psychological conditions?

yes

15

Which race accounts for majority of all suicides?

whites (90%)

16

What are the percentages of whites that commit suicides?

white total - 90%
white males- 71%

17

By how much do men complete suicides than women?

by 4 times more completions than women

18

What is the percentage of suicide by firearms for white men?

57%

19

By how much do women attempt suicide than men?

by 3 times more attempts than men

20

What has been happening with women's rates of attempted suicide in the last 20 years?

they have been rising in the last 20 years

21

Why have women's rates of suicide attempts been rising?

lethality of the method (poisoning and firearms)

22

Are methods chosen to attempt suicide important?

yes

23

Which method is a very lethal mode?

guns

24

What are the suicide prevention efforts for the Golden Gate Bridge?

suicide barrier

25

Is the documentary by Eric Steel controversial?

yes

26

What is the controversy of the film?

-Steel states lied to protect people
-tricked the Golden Gate Bridge Officials

27

Is the Golden Gate Bridge a notorious suicide site?

yes

28

What are some reactions to suicide?

-puzzlement (confusion)
-generalized feelings of disturbance
-guilt
-shame
-anger
-depression

29

Is "people hwo say they'll do it, won't" a myth of suicide?

yes

30

is "it's just attention seeking" a myth of suicide?

yes, most people try to let someone know beforehand

31

Is "suicide done without warning" a myth?

yes, some people tell people they act differently (giving away valuable items)

32

Is "people who attempt suicide really want to die" a myth?

yes, they just want help

33

Is "suicide occurs around Christmas/wintertime/northern latitudes" a myth?

yes, highest rates in spring

34

Are there actual "predictors" for predicting suicide?

no

35

What are some "predictors" for predicting suicide?

-drug and alcohol use
-past attempts (past hospitalizations)
-hopelessness
-few reasons for living
-psychiatric disturbance
-impulsivity
-loss as a predictor

36

Is it mathematically impossible to predict suicide?

yes

37

Why is it mathematically impossible to predict suicide?

-base rates per population too low
-mostly get false negatives
-risks of false positives too high

38

What is the framework for understanding suicide?

suicide represents problem solving attempt (coping problems)

39

Is suicide illegal to attempt in the US?

yes

40

What does the law do if you attempt suicide in the US?

-can be arrested
-hospitalized

41

What is SLAP?

-specific plan
-lethality (how deadly is the plan)
-availability (of means)
-proximity (of helping resources)

42

For suicide assessment, do you ask what the problems the person is experiencing?

Yes, "What is/are the problem(s) the person is experiencing right now?"

43

For suicide assessment, do you ask how much they want to die vs how much they want to live?

yes, "ask how much the person wants to die versus how much they want to live"

44

For suicide assessment do you assess the person's social support network?

yes, assess the person's social support network and utilize people in their life

45

For suicide assessment, do you assess their capability of controlling impulses?

yes, assess their capability of controlling impulses

46

For suicide assessment, do you assess substance abuse?

yes, assess substance abuse (no drinking or drugs)

47

What is part of the crisis management?

make sure client has an emergency plan and give the person hope

48

What happens during an emergency plan?

may have client go to emergency room if nothing or no one else is available

49

How do you give the person hope?

share your hope with the person that they'll make it through

50

What utilization of social support networks are used for crisis management?

APA and the law