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Flashcards in Summary Deck (220):
1

FB illnesses per year

76 million

2

FB deaths per year

5,000

3

if suspected fb illness question what was consumed the last ______ hours

72 hours

4

BIG 5 diseases to report

HENSS
hep a
e coli
noro
shigella
salmonella

possibly entamoeba histolytica

5

5 risk factors

improper temp
inadequately cooked
poor personal hygiene
cross contamination
food unsafe source

6

cooling temps

135 to 70 in 2
20 to 41 in 4

7

temps
eggs - immediate
eggs - hot holding
pork/beef/fish etc.
roast
ground meats
poultry/reheat etc.

eggs 145 15
eggs no immediate 155 15 sec
pork beef fish 145 15 sec
roasts 145 4 min
ground meats 155 15 sec
poultry 165 15 sec

8

8 allergens

eggs
dairy
fish
shellfish
peanuts
treenuts
wheat
soy

9

freezing temps for parasites

-4 for 7 days
-31 for 14 hours
-31 to solid then -4 for 24 hours

10

illness associated with tuna

scromboid

histamine

11

humans eat how much per day

1.5 lbs

12

hand washing must last for

20 seconds

13

7 haccp steps

hazard analysis
ID ccp
set critical limits
set way to monitor ccp
set actions for critical limits reached
set way to monitory plan is working
records

14

grade a raw milk and grade a milk bacti counts

50,000
15,000 per ml

15

how much vitamin d added to milk

400 ius

16

cows produce how much milk per day

5-7 gallons

17

most heat resistant milk pathogen

coxiella burneti q fever

18

this test shows if pasteurization works

phosphatase test

19

vat/batch method

145 30 mins sour cream yogurt

20

htst method

166 15 sec best method

21

ultra high temp method

194 3/4 sec half half whipping cream

22

instantaneous pasteurization method

280f shelf satable creamers

23

mechanical ware wash levels

50 ppm cl 30 sec
25 ppm iodine 1 min
160F
temp should be 140-160
rinse is colder

24

mannual ware wash levels

100 ppm cl 30 sec
25 iodine 1 min
200 ppm qat 1 min
171F 30 sec

min water temp 100

25

type of agent that separates minerals

sequestering agent

26

emulsify, break down carbs, proteins, usually basic

detergents

27

rinse aids/surfactans are also called

wettinga gents

28

lighting required

10 - walk in, dry storage, reach in, bar

20 - consum self serv, produce dispensing, hand washing, warewashing, equip storage

50 - prep, knives etc.

29

what are ABS and LAS

sequestering agents

30

avg size of bacteria

.5u to 3 u

31

gram stain colors for pos and neg

pos purple neg pink

32

routes of infection most common first

respiratory
oral
eyes
skin
injection

33

requirements of bacti

FATTOM
food - carbs/pro
acidity 4.5-9
time
temperature 41-135
oxygen
moisture .85 or higher

34

bacti growth temps

psychrophiles
mesophiles 59-112 most pathogens
thermohphiles - spoilage organism

35

typhoid is associated with

salmonella

36

dysentery is associated

shigella

37

floppy baby is associated with

botulism

38

beans can cause

clost perf

39

rice can cause

bac cereus

40

preggo women/hardy organism/soft cheese

listeria

41

fastest acting bacti illness

staph aureus

42

a/c units can cause

legionaires disease

43

cholera is from ______ and causes _____

vibrio
rice water stools

44

the pheno coefficient organisms is

salmonella

45

name 5 deadly diseases

HIV
hanta virus
plague
rabies
yellow fever

46

raw oysters can give you

vibrio vulnificus

47

associated with predatory reef fish is

ciguatera toxin

48

worm in fish

anisakis

49

rat urine can give you

hanta virus

50

animal urine in water can give you

leptospirosis

51

hikers get this protozoan from water

giardia

52

spa disease organisms

pseudomonas aeruguinosa

53

disease common from pools

cryptosporosis

54

tinea is

ringgworm

55

tse tse fly

african sleeping sickness

56

which is better ppe pos or neg pressure

pos pressure

57

ppe should be tested how often

yearly

58

how many levels of PPE which is best

A-D, A is best

59

hazmat 4 criteria

TRIC
toxicity
reactivity
ignitability
corrosivity

60

DOT colors

red - explosive
orange - flammable
yellow - reactive
green - non flammable gas
blue - water reactive
white - poison
white blk stripe - flammable solid
white over black - corrosive

61

DOT hazard classes

1 - explosives
2 - gas
3 - flam liq
4 - flam sol
5 - oxidizers
6 - poison/eitologic
7 - radioactive
8 - corrosive
9 - misc

62

NFPA from west clockwise

health, fire, reactivity, misc

63

ignitability typically fp less than

140F

64

type of reaction that releases heat

exothermic

65

oxygen deficient

19%

66

dens compared to air

vapor density

67

dens compared to water

spec grav

68

absolute pressure =

gauge pressure and atm pres

69

bp = ___ plus ____

vp plus atm p

70

toxicity levels

oral ld50 5,000 mg/kg one dose
dermal ld 50 4300 mg/kg 4 hr
inhalation lc50 10,000 ppm

71

allowable concentraiton for 15 min

STEL

72

TLV

threshold limit value

73

term for fresh waste water

gray water

74

gray water is how much solid

.2%

75

of solids in waste water what percent are organic

75

76

two items in prelim treatment

bar screens
grit removal

77

items in prelim treatment and type of process

physical
settling and sedimentation tanks

78

items in secondary treatment and type of process

biological
trickling/biofilter w/ spray arm
flocculation/coagulation with aeration tanks

79

tertiary treatment items and type of process

chemical process
filters, chlorination, lagoonization
aesthetic

80

pipe colors

r - elec
y - gas
g - sewer
b - water
p - rec water
white - leach line

81

black water is

septic water

82

goal of waste water treatment

decrease BOD

83

dead water is

less than 4mg/l oxygen

84

sewage flows how fast

2 ft per second

85

sewage gets to treatment/disposal in how many days

2 days

86

how much water do humans use a day

50-100 gallons

87

waste water treatment is anaerobic or aerogic

aerobic

88

slugdge treatment is anaerobic or aerogic

anaerobic

89

digester

sludge treatment anaerobic 21 days

90

tank for 2 bed

750 gal

91

tank for 3 bed

1,000 gal

92

liq in septic tank for how long

24 hr sinfle family, 12 hour large tnak

93

from well how far tank and leach

tank 50 ft leach 100 ft

94

perc method

24 hour sat
12'' in hole, measure drop every 30 mins for 4 hours

95

perc results

1min per '' fall - 70 ft/bed
5 - 125
15 - 190
30 - 250

greater than 60 no system

96

leach lines

36 wide 24 deep
1.5 pipe
rock
6'' slope per 100 ft

97

eutrophication

increase nutrient in water - phosphate, nitrogen, carbon algal blooms deplete oxygen

98

cold air close to earth is called

thermal stratification

99

how much water do we drink a day

3-5 lbs

100

percent of water in ocean

97%

101

sampling water

sodium thiosulfate in bottle run for 2-3 mins first

102

hard water classify

more than 100 mg/calcium

ca and mg

103

how to treat hard water

edta to dissolve limestone, increase salt drive out minerals

104

best well type

drilled/casing

105

percent on private wells

15%

106

primary standard categories

inorganics, radionuclides, vocs/socs

107

2 standards

more aesthtic

108

stain water

manganese iron

109

more adv test for coliforms

colilert 24 hr e coli and coli yello wis positive

110

allowed coliform in water

1 per 100 ml

111

new well/pipe chlorination

50-100 ppm for 12-24 hours

112

water system maintain what free chlorine

.2ppm mg/l

113

public system defined

15 connections, 25 people, 60 days a year

114

year of safe drinking water act

1974

115

air gap requirements

2 times pipe diam or 1'' min

116

3 mosquitos

anopheles - malaria no breathing tube
culex - encephalitis - long breathing tube
aedes - yellow - short breathing tube

117

2 types of flies

biting and non biting

118

requirements for flies 4

food - decay organic or feces
moisture
temperatre die below 32, prefer 45-112
soil

119

fly larvae are called

maggots

120

mosquito breeding cycle days

11-16 days

121

most common cockroach in restaurant

german

122

largest cockroach

american

123

black cockroach

oriental

124

tv roach

brown banded

125

eggs of cockroaches

ootheca

126

name the 3 rodents

norway - stocky - vicious - small eyes - sewer
roof rat - rattus rattus - skinnier - long tail - large eyes and ears - pickier eater - lab rat - good climber
house mouse - mus musca - small 3'' - pointy noise - large eyes, grey white - between walls, cabinets crawl space

127

how much waste generated a year

12-15 billion lbs

128

a person generates how much waste a day

6lbs a day

129

refuse is combination of

organic garbage
inorganics rubbish

130

daily cover and final cover depth

6''
24''

131

open and closed rise/run

open 1 to 2
closed 1 to 3

132

landfill methods and most common

trench - for flat
area - on hill - most common
valley/ravin

133

3 landfill classes

1 haz
2 some haz
3 no haz accepted

134

3 requirements for incineration

time
temperaature 1500-1800F
trubulance

135

amount of ash from incineration

25%

136

temp for compost

140-150F

137

soil types list

sand
sandy loam
loam
silty loam
clayloam
loam

138

product of composting

humus

139

lanfill is ana/aero for ____ days then ____

aero 60 days then anaero

140

composting is ana or aero

aerobic

141

landfill gas requirements

methane 65
co2 35
hydrogen sulfide less than 1

142

best filters for spa, pool over and under 30 k

cartridge - spa
DE - under 30k
sand over 30K

143

turnover rates

pool 6 hr
spa 30 min
spray ground 30 min
wading pool 1 hr
medical pool 2 hr

144

wading pool depth

18''

145

chlorine breakdown into

hypochlorous acid (killing agent) and hypochlorous ion

146

unstabilized chlorine nad percentages

sodium hypochlorite liq 11
calhypo 70
lihypo 35
cl gas 100

147

stabilized chlorine types

dichlor 60 most ph stable
trichlor 90

148

pool equip std

ansi/nsf 50 -2012

149

to increase ph

soda ash, caustic soda

150

to lower ph

muriatic acid

151

to neutralize chlorine

sodium thiosulfate

152

to get rid of algea

copper sulfate

153

max opper in pool

.2 mg/l

154

TDS hard water for pool

175 - 300 ppm

155

max turbity

.5 NTU

156

comb chlorine max

.4 ppm

157

pool and spa capacity

pool 1 per 10 sq ft
spa 1 per 20 sq ft

surf area divide y 10 or 20

158

depth line at ___ for deeper than

4.5


5

159

no diving for less than

6 ft

160

fencing

5 feet tall
4 ft horizontal bars
4'' gap
chain link 1.75''

161

what to do for formed stool or vomit

ph below 7.5 temp above 77

2ppm for 25 mins

162

what to do for diarhea in pool spa

ph below 7.5 or 6.5 if cya and 77 or above temp
40 ppm for 30 hrs

163

humans expel ____ qts per day of water

6 qts

164

humans breath how much per day

35 lbs

165

greenhosue effects

more cos in atm than water causes
more sunlight

166

atmosphere percentages

n 78
o21
co2 and o3 .97
others .3

167

atmosphere layers

thermosphere 50mi/80 km
meso 30mi/50k
stratosphere 12mi/20k
troposphere

168

inorganic pollutants

sulfur oxides most =toxic
nitrous oxides
co3

169

organic pollutant

hydrocarbons

170

co forms from

incomplete comubations

171

name the particulates

dust 10u smaller
smoke .1u smaller
fumes metal
aerosols smaller liq than mists

172

federal clean air act name the 6

particulates 10 or smaller
pb
co3
no
so
co

173

hearing loss 2 types

socio - environment
presbycusis - aging

174

PEL of noise

85 db

175

most common measureing device for noise

sound level meter

176

pts and tts

temp thershold shift noise
permanent threshold shift noise - irreversible

177

100 db and 100 db is

103 db

178

2 times distance from noise = -__db

- 6 db

179

sound stravels how fast1

1178 ft/sec
770 mph

180

treat and riser

tread min 9''
riser max 8.25''

181

direct connection gap req

2''

182

minimum living space

100 sq ft
70 per bedroom
no wall less than 7 ft

183

chimney distance

3 ft

184

max radon

4 mg/l

185

best sample for hazmat

grab sample

186

mulitple samples in multiple locations and times is called

compositve or bath sampling

187

number of samples for food and hazmat

food 3, 1 forviolatio
hazmat 4 2 for violator

188

biohazart levels hwich is worse

1-4 4 is most dangerous

189

lq qty generator of med waste

200 lbs/month

190

steam sterilizing for med waste

121C/250F 30 mins

191

sm qty hauler med waste

20 lbs less driving ok

192

on site storage of med waste

7 days or 90 if below 32

193

med waste act past in wahat year

1990

194

3 requirements for light

illumination foot candles
brightness food lamberts
contrast

195

ideal contrast is waht percent

60 to 80

196

calculate contrast

backg - object
x/back x 100

197

class room lighting req

50 foot candles

198

luminous flux is

amount of light from source

199

most pleasing color

green

200

how much stronger are fluorescent bulbs

4 times

201

negative ions

created by fluroescent bulbs

202

wavelength list

gamma
x ray
uv light
visibile light
ir
microwave
tv
radio

203

isotope

same protons diff neutrons
same atomic number diff mass

204

many isotopes of one element is

radionuclides

205

worse type of radiation

ionizing

206

4 types of ionizing radiatoin

alpha - nucleus
beta - stronger - electrons
gamma - can be lethal
x ray - highly penetrate

207

pel for radiation

5 rem/yr

208

daedy amounts of radiaton is

350-400 rem

209

units for intensity of radiation

R, c/kg
roentgen

210

units for exposure to radiation

REM, S sievert

211

units for radiation absorbed

RAD, Gy gray

212

units for energy of x ray

eV

213

units for radioactivity

curies C, or Bq becquerels

214

double the distance from radiation decreases the exposure by what percent

25%

215

civil wrong is a

tort

216

name the feasances

mal - wrong
mis - unknown wrong
non - knew about a wrong and didn't report

217

slander vs libel

slander is spoken

218

variance stat

difference w/ in data

219

std deviation state

how spread out data area sq root of variance

220

soveign immunity does what

protects agency from being sued