Support systems KQ1- Water cycle processes Flashcards Preview

OCR A level Geography > Support systems KQ1- Water cycle processes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Support systems KQ1- Water cycle processes Deck (21):
1

What is infiltration?

Movement of water vertically into soil

2

What affects infiltration?

Permeability of soil

3

What is peculation?

Movement of water vertically in the bedrock

4

What affects peculation?

Rock type
Volume of rock pores

5

What affects evaporation?

Temperature
Humidity

6

What affects condensation?

Temperature
Humidity

7

What affects transpiration?

Temperature
Humidity
Wind

8

What is surface run off?

Movement of water across the land surface either when the ground is saturated or when infiltration capacity is exceeded

9

What affects surface run off?

Saturation of soil
If soil is frozen

10

What is an aquifer?

A storage of water in bedrock

11

What affects aquifers?

Rock type
Position of the water table

12

What is throughflow?

The movement of water downwards as a result of gravity

13

What affects throughflow?

Permeability of soil

14

What is stemflow?

Flow of water down stems/branches/trunks

15

What affects stemflow?

Vegetation coverage and type

16

What is leafdrip?

The total volume of water which drips from leaves

17

What affects leafdrip?

Shape of leaf
Presence of waxy cuticle
Surface Area of leaves

18

What is interception?

When precipitation lands on vegetation

19

What affects interception?

Vegetation coverage and type

20

What is interception loss?

The evaporation of intercepted water

21

What affects interception loss?

Temperature
Humidity
Wind