Flashcards in Surface Anatomy Deck (95)
Define the "Anatomical Position".
- Looking forward
- Standing upright
- Palms forwards
- Feet pointing forwards
Does the "Anatomical Position" apply to anterior view, posterior view, or both?
Define Median Plane.
A vertical slice through the body from front to back, right through the middle. Divides the body into equal left and right halves.
Define Coronal Plane.
Divides the body into front and back sections.
Define Horizontal/Transverse Plane.
Divides the body into top and bottom sections.
Define Oblique Plane.
Not a vertical or horizontal plane but at an angle.
Nearer to head.
Nearer to feet
Nearer to front.
Nearer to back.
Nearer the median plane.
Farther from the median plane.
Nearer the trunk or point of origin.
Farther from the trunk or point of origin.
Nearer to or on the surface.
Farther from the surface.
Dorsal surface part of hand or foot.
Palmar surface of the hand.
Plantar surface of the foot.
Where is the head in relation to the feet?
The head is superior to the feet.
Where is the brain in relation to the skull?
The brain is deep to the skull.
Where is the heart in relation to the belly button?
The heart is superior and deep to the belly button.
Where are the fingers in relation to the elbow?
The fingers are distal to the elbow.
Why are vertebral levels used as a way of defining the location of a structure in the vertical plane?
The vertebrae are the only anatomical structures that are consistent between the thorax, abdomen and pelvis.
From top to bottom of the spine, what are the four sections of vertebrae?
Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacral.
How many Cervical vertebrae are there?
How many Thoracic vertebrae are there?
How many Lumbar vertebrae are there?
How many Sacral vertebrae are there?