Surface and Core Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Body Logistics > Surface and Core Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Surface and Core Anatomy Deck (29):
1

Mastoid process

Bony lump posterior to the ear lobe

2

Nasal Bone

Superior, firm part of the external nose
(Where your glasses sit)

3

Nasal Cartilage

Inferior, soft part of the external nose

4

Zygomatic Arch

- Cheek bone
- Starts anterior to the tragus and extends anteromedially

5

Angle of Mandible

Base of jaw

6

Hyoid Bone

Horseshoe-shaped bone situated in the anterior midline of the neck between the chin and the thyroid cartilage.

7

Cricoid Cartilage

Inferior to thyroid cartilage

8

Thyroid Cartilage

Inferior to hyoid bone
(Adam's apple)

9

Sternocleidomastoid Muscle

Extends between the sternum, clavicle and the mastoid process.

10

C7 Vertebrae Spinous Process

Largest and most inferior vertebra in the neck region

11

Manubriosternal Joint

Between the manubrium and the body of the sternum

12

Nipple

4th intercostal space just lateral to the mid-clavicular line (men only)

13

Costal Margin

Lower edge of the chest by the bottom of the rib cage

14

Umbilicus

Belly button

15

Biceps Tendon

Inner elbow - can palapate to locate brachial pulse

16

Medial Epicondyle

Distal end of the humerus (medial)

17

Ulnar Nerve

Runs lateral to the medial epicondyle and medial to the olecranon

18

Olecranon

Tip of elbow

19

Head of Ulna

Bony part of the medial side of the distal forearm
Opposite side to thumb

20

Radial Artery

Radial side of forearm (same side as thumb)

21

Thenar Eminence

Group of muscles on the palm of the human hand at the base of the thumb

22

Iliac Crest

Superior border of the ilium

23

Greater Trochanter

Lateral surface of thigh, inferior to iliac crest

24

Tibial Tuberosity

Anterior surface of the proximal tibia
Just below the knee cap (patella)

25

Anterior (subcutaneous) Tibia

Bone in lower leg

26

Medial and Lateral Malleoli

- Medial malleolus at the distal end of the tibia (big toe side)
- Lateral malleolus at distal end of fibula (little toe side)

Bony bits on ankles

27

Calceneum

Heel bone

28

Achilles Tendon

Attaches distally to the calcaneum

29

How would you asses joint function?

- LOOK for signs of inflammation, asymmetry, the way the patient is holding their limb (can be indicative of pain or restricted range of movement)
- FEEL – temperature (hot=inflamed), bony prominences, soft tissues around joint (tenderness?), crepitus (grinding due to fractures)
- MOVE – active versus passive (if passive>active, maybe tendon injury), resisted (muscle bellies can be seen and power assessed), to extremes (allows assessment of ligament function)