Surgical, Diagnostic, Pathological Suffixes (Intro to MT) Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Surgical, Diagnostic, Pathological Suffixes (Intro to MT) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Surgical, Diagnostic, Pathological Suffixes (Intro to MT) Deck (42):
1

-clasis

To break; surgical fracture

Ex: oste/o/clasis = surgical breaking or fracture of a bone to correct a deformity. (Osteoclasia)
[oste/o=bone]

2

-centesis

Surgical puncture

Ex: arthr/o/centesis = surgical puncture of a joint
[arthr/o=joint]

3

-desis

Binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)

Ex: arthr/o/desis = binding or fixing of a joint.
[arthr/o=joint]

4

-ectomy

Excision, removal

Ex: append/ectomy = excision or removal of the appendix
[append=appendix]

5

-lysis

Separation; destruction; loosening

Ex: thromb/o/lysis = separation, destruction, or loosening of a blood clot
[thromb/o=blood clot]

6

-pexy

Fixation (of an organ)

Ex: mast/o/pexy = surgical fixation of the breast(s)
[mast/o=breast]

7

-plasty

Surgical repair

Ex: rhin/o/plasty = surgical repair of the nose (to change shape or size)
[rhin/o=nose]

8

-rrhaphy

Suture

Ex: my/o/rrhaphy = suture of a muscle
[my/o=muscle]

9

-stomy

Forming an opening (mouth)

Ex: trache/o/stomy = forming an opening (mouth) into the trachea
[trache/o=trachea (windpipe)]

10

-tome

Instrument to cut

Ex: oste/o/tome = instrument to cut bone
[oste/o=bone]

11

-tomy

Incision

Ex: trache/o/tomy = incision of the trachea
[trache/o=trachea (windpipe)]

12

-tripsy

Crushing

Ex: lith/o/tripsy = crushing a stone or calculus
[lith/o=stone, calculus]

13

-gram

Record, writing

Ex: Electr/o/cardi/o/gram = record of electrical activity of the heart
[electr/o=electricity; cardi/o=heart]

14

-graph

Instrument for recording

Ex: cardi/o/graph = instrument to record electrical activity of the heart
[cardi/o=heart]

15

-graphy

Process of recording

Ex: angi/o/graphy = process of recording images of blood vessels (recording images of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium)
[andi/o=vessel (usually blood or lymph)]

16

-meter

Instrument for measuring

Ex: pelv/i/meter = instrument for measuring the pelvis
[pelv/i = pelvis]

17

-metry

Act of measuring

Ex: pelv/i/metry = act of measuring the pelvis
[pelv/i =pelvis]

18

-scope

Instrument for examining

Ex: endo/scope = instrument for examining within ( instrument for examining inside a hollow organ or cavity)
[endo=in, within]

19

-scopy

Visual examination

Ex: endo/scopy = visual examinations within; visual examination of a cavity or canal using a specialized lighted instrument called an "endoscope"
[eno=in, within]

20

-algia
-dynia

Pain

Ex: neur/algia = pain in a nerve
[neru/o=nerve]
Ex: ot/o/dynia = pain in the ear (earache)
[ot/o=ear]

21

-cele

Hernia, swelling

Ex: hepat/o/cele = hernia or swelling of the liver
[hepat/o=liver]

22

-ectasis

Dilation, expansion

Ex: bronchi/ectasis = dilation or expansion of a bronchus or bronchi
[bronchi=bronchus (plural, bronchi)]

23

-edema

Swelling

Ex: lymph/edema = swelling of lymph tissue (swelling and accumulation of tissue fluid)
[lymph=lymph]

24

-emesis

Vomiting

Ex: hyper/emesis = excessive or above normal vomiting
[hyper-=excessive, above normal]

25

-emia

Blood condition

Ex: an/emia = without blood (blood condition caused by iron deficiency or decrease in red blood cells
[an-=without, not]

26

-iasis

Abnormal condition (produced by something specific)

Ex: chol/e/lith/iasis = presence or formation of gallstones (in the gallbladder or common bile duct)
[chol/e=bile, gall; lith=stone, calculus]

27

-itis

Inflammation

Ex: gastr/itis = inflammation of the stomach
[gastr=stomach]

28

-lith

Stone, calculus

Ex: chol/e/lith = gallstone
[chol/e=bile, gall]

29

-malacia

Softening

Ex: chondr/o/malacia = softening of cartilage
[chondr/o=cartliage]

30

-megaly

Enlargement

Ex: cari/o/megaly = enlargement of the heart
[cardi/o=heart]

31

-oma

Tumor

Ex: tumor composed of nerve cells
[neur=nerve]

32

-osis

Abnormal condition; increase (used primarily with blood cells)

Ex: cyan/osis = abnormal condition of blueness (bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membrane)
[cyan=blue]

33

-pathy

Disease

Ex: my/o/pathy = disease of muscle
[my/o=muscle]

34

-penia

Decrease, deficiency

Ex: erythr/o/penia = abnormal decrease or deficiency in red (blood cells)
[erythr/o=red]

35

-phobia

Fear

Ex: hem/o/phobia = fear of blood
[hem/o=blood]

36

-plegia

Paralysis

Ex: hemi/plegia = paralysis of one half (paralysis of one side of the body)
[hemi=one half]

37

-rrhage
-rrhagia

Bursting (of)

Ex: hem/o/rrhage = bursting forth of blood (loss of large amounts of blood within a short period, either externally or internally)
[hem/o=blood]
Ex: men/o/rrhagia = bursting forth of menses (profuse discharge of blood during menstruation)
[men/o=menses, menstruation]

38

-rrhea

Discharge, flow

Ex: día/rrhea = discharge or flow through (frequent discharge or flow of fluid fecal matter from the bowel)
[dia=through, across]

39

-rrhexis

Rupture

Ex: arteri/o/rrhexis = rupture of an artery
[arteri/o=artery]

40

-stenosis

Narrowing, stricture

Ex: arteri/o/stenosis = narrowing or stricture of an artery
[arteri/o=artery]

41

-toxic

Poison

Ex: hepat/o/toxic = poisonous or toxic to the liver
[hepat/o=liver]

42

-trophy

Nourishment, development

Ex: dys/trophy = bad development or nourishment (abnormal condition caused by defective nurtrition or metabolism)
[dys=bad; painful; difficult]

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