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Flashcards in Surgical Disorders Deck (32)
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1

management of anterior ureter injury

surgical repair

2

management of posterior ureter injury

suprapubic drainage and delayed surgical repair

3

topical burn ointment

silver sulfadiazine

4

burn ointment for thick eschar, cartilage when deeper penetration is needed

mafenide acetate

5

spider bite: necrotic center with surrounding halo of erythema

brown recluse spider

6

treatment for brown recluse spider bite

local excision and possible skin grafting

7

spider bite: nausea, vomiting, generalized muscle cramps

black widow spider

8

treatment for black widow spider bite

calcium gluconate and muscle relaxants

9

child with uneven gluteal folds

developmental dysplasia of the hips

10

treatment for developmental dysplasia of the hips

pavlik harness x 6 months

11

treatment for slipped capital femoral epiphysis

surgical pinning

12

diagnosis of septic joint

aspiration of joint

13

diagnosis of osteomyelitis

bone scan
x-ray will not show pathology for a couple weeks

14

treatment for genu varum (bow-legs)

no treatment needed before age 3
after age 3 consider surgery

15

treatment for genu valgus (knock-knees)

normal between ages 4-8

16

osteochondrosis of the tibial tubercle

osgood-schlatter disease

17

feet turned inwards, plantar flexion of the ankle, inversion of the foot, adduction of the forefoot, internal rotation of the tibia

club foot (talipes equinovarus)

18

fracture possible when child falls on outstretched hand with hyperextended elbow

supracondylar fracture of the humerus

19

bone tumor in diaphyses of long bones

ewing sarcoma

20

bone tumor in lower femur or upper tibia with periosteal inflammation

osteosarcoma

21

where do soft tissue sarcomas metastasize

lungs
NOT lymph nodes

22

imaging method of choice for multiple myeloma

xray
NOT bone scan

23

imaging method anterior shoulder dislocation

AP/lateral x-rays

24

imaging method posterior shoulder dislocation

axillary/scapular lateral x-rays
AP/lateral will often miss it

25

treatment of colles fracture

closed reduction and long arm cast

26

diaphyseal fracture of ulna, anterior dislocation of radial head

monteggia's fracture
open reduction for broken arm
closed reduction for dislocated arm

27

fracture of distal third radius, dorsal dislocation of radio-ulnar joint

galeazzi's facture
open reduction for radius
closed reduction for ulna

28

tenderness over anatomic snuff box, x-ray shows nothing

undisplaced scaphoid fracture
treatment: thumb spica cast
x-ray will show fracture in 3 weeks

29

tenderness over anatomic snuff box, x-ray shows displaced fracture

displaced scaphoid fracture
treatment: open reduction and internal fixation

30

one left is shorter than the other and externally rotated

hip fracture