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PMVPH 4th Year > Surveillance And Reporting Internationally > Flashcards

Flashcards in Surveillance And Reporting Internationally Deck (8)
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1

What is a reportable and notifiable disease?

> reportable
- statutory requirement of the lab where a sample is confirmed to report disease
> notifiable
- statutory requirement to report a suspicion of a clinical case

2

Where do you report a suspicion of a notifiable of disease

local animal health office details from Animal plant and health agency

3

Should you report zoonotic disease in people humans?

- employers self employed and property owners have duty to report
- probably should anyway

4

How does import from European and outside Europe animals changed over time?

- more imports from further afield
- more exports to further afield than Europe too.

5

Outline reporting pathways

> OIE (world animal health organisation)
- collects and publishes official data on animal disease occourence
- notifiable disease list etc. Regularly updated
- diagnostic tests and disease control
- signed agreement with world trade organisation in case of race disputes
> APHA
> public health England
> FAO
- EMPRES : emergency prevention system
- food safety and food chain
- world hunger
> WHO
- UN coordinators for health
- global health atlas
- GLEWS : global early warning system
> EFSA
- risk assessment and analysis
- independent source of scientific advice
- European agency
> ECDC (European centre disease prevention and control)
- human health infectious disease
- surveillance and early warning
- TESSy

6

Why may data collated by these organisations not be wholly reliable?

Lot relies on self reporting and good surveillance programmes which may be of different standards!!

7

What are the majority of these companies aimed at?

Protecting trade!! And maybe human health - animal health just a byproduct of this really

8

What is surveillance

Watching trends with a Threshold for action (intervention and disease management blends into this)

- systemisation continuous repeated measurement, collation, analysis, Internet and timely dissemination of animal health and welfare related data from defined populations

- used to describe health hazard occourence
- contributes to the planning, implementation and evacuation of risk mitigation actions