Survive the Cosmos Flashcards Preview

Baldragon Academy S3 Physics > Survive the Cosmos > Flashcards

Flashcards in Survive the Cosmos Deck (64):
1

What is the name of the force that always opposes motion?

Friction

2

How would you calculate a light year?

d=vt

d = 300 000 000 x (365 x 24 x 60 x 60)

3

An OR gate has Input 1 = 0, Input 2 = 0. What will the output be?

0

4

Which equation could be used to calculate the time, distance or speed of an object?

d = vt

5

An astronaut goes to another planet. What will happen to the astronauts weight?

The weight will change depending on the gravitational field strength.

6

Which equation could be used to calculate the weight, mass or gravitational field strength?

W = mg

7

What are the two main forces acting on a rocket at take off?

Weight and Engine Thrust

A image thumb
8

What is the unit for weight?

N, Newtons

9

In logic systems how is an OFF represented?

0

10

Which equation could be used to calculate the unbalanced force, mass or acceleration of an object?

F = ma

11

What is the symbol for a NOT gate?

A image thumb
12

What can an LDR detect?

Changes in light level

13

A car is travelling at 50ms-1. What can you say about the forces acting on it?

The forces are balanced.

14

A force of 1000N acts on a 50kg object. The unbalanced force on the object is decreased. What happens to the acceleration?

The acceleration will decrease.

15

What is Newton's 1st Law?

If a balanced force acts on an object it will either remain stationary or continue to travel at a constant speed.

16

A force of 1000N acts on an object. The mass of the object is decreased. What happens to the acceleration?

The acceleration will increase.

17

Explain how an AND gate operates.

An AND gate gives out a 1 when both inputs are on.

18

What is meant by weight?

The force exerted by an object caused by the gravitational field strength.

19

What is meant by a light year?

The distance that light could travel in one year.

20

What does 'W' stand for?

Weight

21

What is the unit for mass?

kilograms, kg

22

What is the unit for force?

N, Newtons

23

An AND gate has Input 1 = 1, Input 2 = 0. What will the output be?

0

24

What is the unit for acceleration?

metres per second per second, m/s2

25

An OR gate has Input 1 = 0, Input 2 = 1. What will the output be?

0

26

What is meant by mass?

A measure of the matter that makes up an object.

OR

A measure of the particles that make up an object.

27

A 0 is the input to a NOT gate. What will the output be?

1

28

What factors can effect the distance that a rocket could be launched?

  • Angle of launch,
  • Mass of rocket,
  • Force of launch

29

Which force should be used to calculate the acceleration of the block?

Q image thumb

Engine thrust - Friction

30

An AND gate has Input 1 = 0, Input 2 = 1. What will the output be?

1

31

What does 'g' stand for?

Gravitational field strength

32

An astronaut goes to the Moon. Explain what happens to his weight.

His weight will be less. The Moon has less gravitational field strength.

33

What is the energy change in a lamp?

Electrical to light

34

What is Newton's second law?

Unbalanced Force = mass x acceleration.

35

What does 'a' stand for?

Acceleration

36

Which logic gate is this?

Q image thumb

AND Gate

37

State what is meant by a balanced force.

Equal forces acting in opposite directions.

38

Which logic gate is this?

Q image thumb

OR Gate

39

What does 'm' stand for?

mass

40

What is meant by the resultant force?

The overall force acting on an object taking into account size and direction.

41

A force of 1000N acts on an object. The mass of the object is increased. What happens to the acceleration?

The acceleration will decrease.

42

Which force should be used to calculate the acceleration of the rocket?

Q image thumb

Engine thrust - weight

43

What is the unit for gravitational field strength?

Newtons per kilogram, N/kg

44

Explain how an OR gate operates.

An OR gate gives out a 1 when one input is on, or the other input is on or both inputs are on.

45

An AND gate has Input 1 = 0, Input 2 = 0. What will the output be?

0

46

An OR gate has Input 1 = 1, Input 2 = 0. What will the output be?

1

47

Explain using Newton's 3rd Law how a rocket can propel itself forward in space.

The rocket's engines push the exhaust gases backwards. The exhaust gases push the rocket's engines forwards.

48

Explain how a NOT gate operates.

A NOT gate gives out NOT what you put in. (Put in a 0 get out a 1)

49

An astronaut goes to another planet. What will happen to the astronauts mass?

Nothing. It will remain the same.

50

Why do we use light years to measure distances in space?

Space is so massive we have to use a big unit to measure it.

51

What is gravitational field strength?

The force per kilogram

52

A force of 1000N acts on a 50kg object. The unbalanced force on the object is increased. What happens to the acceleration?

The acceleration will increase.

53

A 1 is the input to a NOT gate. What will the output be?

0

54

What is Newton's 3rd Law?

For every action force there is an equal and opposite reaction force.

55

Which logic gate is this?

Q image thumb

NOT gate

56

Explain using Newton's 3rd Law how a rocket takes off.

The rocket's engines push the exhaust gases down. The exhaust gases push the rocket's engines up.

57

An OR gate has Input 1 = 1, Input 2 = 1. What will the output be?

1

58

What is the energy change in a buzzer?

Electrical to sound

59

 What is the symbol for an AND gate? 

A image thumb
60

What can a thermistor detect?

Changes in temperature

61

What is the symbol for an OR gate?

A image thumb
62

An AND gate has Input 1 = 1, Input 2 = 1. What will the output be?

1

63

In logic systems how is an ON represented?

1

64

What does 'F' stand for?

Unbalanced force