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Flashcards in Sustainable Development Deck (22):
1

Simon Kuznets and the problem with using GNP (2)

- GNP measures monetary transaction and makes no judgement as to whether those transaction are positive or negative to society
- GDP measures welfare of a nation

2

Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI) (2)

- same as GDP, but adjust income distribution and value of household work
- subtracts cost of crime, pollution, damage to property, congestion cost

3

Human development index (HDI) (3)

- health: life expectancy
- education: post secondary school
- economic: PPP (Switzerland on top)

4

Corruption perception index (2)

- Denmark (top)
- Somalia (bottom)

5

Define colonialism and neo colonialism (2)

- colonialism: situation where one country has direct political control over another, occupying it and exploiting it economically (Britain to Malaysia)
- Neocolonialism: situation where former colony become politically independent but remain economically dependent (Burma)

6

How do we help other region develop (2)

- selfish motivation
- forcing countries to develop at the expense of their culture

7

How do we best help region develop (4)

- modernization
- sustainable development
- dependency theory: developing countries dependent on the west
- neoliberalism: open up market to bring in foreign market to improve quality of life (cons: exploitation of labour)

8

Why are some region less developed than others (1)

- rejection of the "western" notion

9

Define sustainable development (3)

- maintain the ecological processes and life support system
- preserving genetic diversity
- ensuring sustainable use of species and ecosystem

10

WCS (world conservation strategy) on sustainability (3)

- conservation of living resources and modification for people survival
- meet need of today without foreclosing achievement of tomorrow
- short and long term alternatives

11

Our common future on sustainability (1)

- meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generation needs

12

WWF (world wildlife fund) on sustainability (1)

- humanity consumption on global capacity of the biosphere

13

Problem with the world growth (2)

- overpopulation: judgement that the environment unable to support population
- human carry population: number of people an area can support

14

What is Greenhouse revolution (1)

- learn to synthesis nitrogen in lab without using nature source

15

The population bomb (3)

- Paul Ehrlich predict that diminishing resources, famine, and environmental catastrophe
- impact = population * affiliation * technology
- overconsumption in the north + overpopulation in the south = disaster

16

Why has the population bomb not come true (4)

- faith in human invention
- environment is a haox
- cumulative effect of environmental disturbance
- increase in technology

17

Why are we cautious about population bomb (3)

- time lag between action and consequences
- green revolution averted to famine and environmental problem
- only improve small minority of income gap between rich and poor

18

The ecological footprint (2)

- human carry capacity
- area of land and water required to produce resources for the population to consumer and assimilate waste that population produce

19

What is ecological footprint dependent on (4)

- population size
- average material standard of living
- average productivity of land/water ecosystem
- efficiency of resources harvesting, processing, use

20

Origin of sustainable development (2)

- 1980: aimed to achieve sustainable development through conservation of living resources
- 1987: development that meets the needs of present generation without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their needs

21

Misconception of sustainability (1)

- misused of marketing

22

Difference between intergenerational equity (sustainability) and intragenerational equity (development) (2)

intergenerational equity: development must not benefit the present generation at the expense of the future generation
- intragenerational equity: development must have benefits which are equitably share among member of current generation