Flashcards in Sustainable Transport Deck (13):
What are park and ride schemes?
People get free parking outside the city and pay a low bus fee to get into the city. This can turn potentially 50 cars on city streets into one bus.
What are cycle paths?
Improve the safety standard on our roads for cyclists so people are more likely to leave their cars at home and cycle to work...
What are car sharing incentives?
Many cities run a scheme where if you have more than 1 person in your car you can use a 2+ lane. These lanes are often quicker and so encourage people to share lifts with others, cutting the number of cars on the road.
What are bus and tram lanes?
Having lanes that can only be used by buses and trams allows them to travel around a city much faster than cars. This encourages people to leave their car at home as getting the bus will be the quickest way to get there.
What is better public transport?
Having a range of different methods to travel in giving people a choice, and they could all be faster than travelling in cars in a busy city.
What does 'increase the cost of running a car' mean?
Governments can put up car tax and petrol prices to get people to give up with their cars and travel using cheaper and more sustainable alternatives.
What are cycle to work schemes?
Where public sector workers can get funding to buy a bike as long as they use it to cycle to and from work, encouraging people to leave their cars at home.
What is congestion charging?
This is where you will be charged a fee for entering a part of the city that suffers from severe traffic congestion. This will put people off driving if they have to pay extra so they'll have to find a sustainable alternative.
What does 'school run alternative' mean?
This can add a huge amount of extra traffic to a city street. Systems such as walking buses have been encouraged to get children and parents out of cars and walking to school instead.
PROBLEMS WITH TRANSPORT IN LONDON:
-The average speed in London is 11mph. 100 years ago, on horse and carriage it was 2mph faster than that.
-The city loses £2-4 million every week due to traffic and people not being at work
-7.6 million people live in London and 1 million more people commute to London
-Road vehicles are responsible for 66% of air pollution in London which contributes to asthma and lung disease
PROBLEMS WITH TRANSPORT IN PORTSMOUTH:
-There are only 3 roads/ bridges on the island.
-Due to football stadiums, festivals and seasonal events, there is lots of traffic
-Continental ferry point
-No space to build new roads
-Portsmouth was designed for Victorian roads, but cars, so they're not very wide
HOW DID LONDON MAKE THEIR TRAFFIC BETTER?
-Congestion charges (pay online or get fined) this led to 45% rise in bus passengers
-In 2008 they made a low emission zone, so any passing polluting lorries have to pay £100-£200 per day
-Borris bikes- £2 for the day or free for 30 minutes. Drop off and collection points- good for tourists and commuters
-Ev applications, 1400 charger points- they charge an electric car in 20 minutes