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P&P final > swine (Bromfield) > Flashcards

Flashcards in swine (Bromfield) Deck (40):
1

Gilt

young female that has not farrowed

2

Barrow

  • castrated male
    • done at 3 days old

*pain relief drugs in food animal

3

Boar taint

hormones that make boars taste funk

4

Sow

Female pig that has farrowed

5

Boar

intact male

6

Weaner

  • a pig around the time of weaning
    • about 3 weeks (21 days)
  • 20-30 poupnd pig

7

piglet

baby pig

8

shoat

  • older pig

9

Fat Hog/Finisher

  • pig at finishing weight
    • about 280 pounds
    • 6 months old

10

Feeder pig/grower pig

  • on full feed
  • out of the nursery

11

All in/All out

  • same age, same health status
  • minimizes spread of disease

12

Wean to Finish (WTF)

  • farms that buy pigs at weaning and finish them

13

Depop/repop

  • depopulate the barn in fulminating chronic herd illness
  • last resort

14

PRDC

  • porcine respiratory disease complex

15

Feedback program

  • innoculate a whole population at the same time
    • diarrheal diseases (feed manure)

16

Parity

(Parity 1)

  • how often a pig has given birth
    • Parity 1 means it's given birth to 1 litter

17

Non-productive sow day

  • not pregnant
  • not lactating

18

Time between weaning and estrus

3-7 days

*if she has lactated for 21 days

19

SEW

MEW

MMEW

  • Segmented early weaning
    • keep babies from being exposed to mom
  • Medicated early weaning
    • taken away and medicated
  • Modified medicated early weaning

20

Types of pig operations

  1. farrow to finish
  2. feeder pig producer (traditional/weaner)
  3. feeder pig finisher / Contract finishing
  4. Pure bred producer
  5. breeding companies
  6. specialty / niche market
    1. show pigs
    2. roasters
    3. producer/retailers
  7. Vertical integration

21

Pig breeds

Colored

  1. Duroc
  2. Hampshire
  3. Poland
  4. Berkshire
  5. Spot

*use in terminal animals: growth, lean muscle, size

 

22

Pig breeds

White

  1. Yorkshire
  2. Landrace
  3. Chester white

Pietran (kinda spotted)

*better mothers

23

Synthetic breed

  • created to be grandparent stock
  • geneticists making best pig possible

24

Terminal cross

  • offspring from these are going to grow up and go to market
    • these guys will give us the best price at market

25

Maternal

  • Gives birth to our terminal cross

26

Rotational Cross

(3 way / 4 way)

  • several breeds crossed
    • maintains some heterosis

27

Heterosis

  • outcrossing
    • hybrid vigor

28

Veterinarians and the swine industry

  1. mixed practice
  2. specialty practice
  3. industry/service
  4. academic research & teaching
  5. management
  6. government
  7. producer

29

compensation

  • swine vets rank 1 or 2 in income
  • normal hours
  • emergencies? not really

30

Role of vet in swine production

  • Production
  • food safety
  • labor
  • training
  • records
  • health
  • genetics
  • nutrition
  • etc

31

SPF

  • specific pathogen free
    • primary: C-section derived
  • secondary SPF
    • from a primary

32

Use of antibiotics

  • Feed
    • prevention
    • treatment
    • gain/feed efficiency
      • this is going away

33

Feed residues and withdrawal times

  • sulfas: long withdrawal times

34

Feed residues and withdrawal times

foreign markets

  • tetracycline
    • 0 day withdrawel time in US
    • 14 day withdrawel for Japanese market

35

ABX in water

  • to treat dz
  • prevent major outbreak
  • easier to set up water medicator
  • pigs will stop eating before drinking
  • water solubility
  • palatability
  • residues
  • cost effective
  • effective for bug?

36

Ind Tx

  • cost of drug vs cost of animal
  • withdrawel time
  • ease of administration
  • is animal marketable
  • vet client relationship

37

Euthanasia

  • carbon dioxide
  • gunshot
  • captive bolt
  • electrocution
  • anesthetic overdose
  • blunt trauma (baby pigs, two weeks old or less)
  • exsanguination

38

swine herd health day 1-3

  • needle teeth
  • iron injection
  • navel dip
  • tail
  • ear notch
  • abx (coccidiosis)

39

Swine herd health day 7

  • Castrate (if not done at days 1-3)
  • repeat C & D antitoxin if necessary
  • coccidiosis meds
  • gild/boar selection
  • underline screening
  • vaccination
    • bordetella
    • pastuerella
    • erysipelas
  • creep feed

40

Wine herd health day 14-21

 

  • Iron (if necessary)
  • Wean
  • vaccination
    • mycoplasma
    • PRRSV
  • Parasite control
  • Split weaning
  • management/facilities consniderations
  • abx (feed/water/parental)