Flashcards in Switzerland Deck (19):
What is the most cultivated white grape in Switzerland?
Müller-Thurgau and Sylvaner, known locally as Johannisberg, are also widespread.
What are the most common reds in Switzerland?
Pinot Noir (Blauburgunder), Gamay, Clevener.
What are two indigenous whites of Switzerland?
Petite Arvine and Amigne of Vétroz.
What is the most important canton in Switzerland for wine production and is responsible for over 40% of the nation’s annual output?
The canton’s vineyard area is clustered along the banks of the Rhône River, establishing Valais as the river’s northernmost appellation.
What are Valais's most widely produced wines?
Fendant (Chasselas) and Dôle, a blend of Pinot Noir and Gamay.
But for whites there's also Petite Arvine, Amigne, Humagne Blanc, Païen (or Heida, or Savagnin) and Rèze;
And for reds there's also Cornalin (or Rouge du Pays), and Humagne Rouge.
Valais produces a rare, specialty wine called Vin des Glacier. What is it?
Made from Rèze, one of Switzerland’s oldest indigenous grapes, Vin des Glacier is a maderized wine stored in high altitude soleras. It's very similar to Vin Jaune.
Which wine producing canton lies on the north shores of Lake Geneva and borders France’s Jura region?
Which varietal dominates Vaud?
Chasselas, locally known as Dorin.
In 2010 the Vaud appellation system was simplified, bracketing the former 26 village AOCs into six regional AOCs:
Côtes de l'Orbe
Two grand crus, _____ and ____, exist in Vaud.
Dézaley (54ha, lies within commune of Puidoux, more limestone)
Calamin (16ha, lies within the village of Epesses, more clay)
What's the red blend in Vaud?
Salvagnin, a blend of Gamay, Pinot Noir, and the crossings Gamaret and Garanoir.
Is chaptalization permitted in Switzerland?
Yes, when necessary.
The canton of Ticino produces only ____.
Red wine, mostly Merlot.
Müller-Thurgau is Swiss - explain.
Originally bred from Riesling x Madeleine Royale by the Swiss Dr. Müller in the canton of Thurgau.
What's the warm autumn wind that blows in the canton of Graubünden in way eastern Switzerland (next to Liechtenstein)?
Föhn. It helps grapes ripen.
What is Lake Geneva called locally?
Valais has more ____ slopes and Vaud has more ____ slopes.
Valais has more steep slopes (alpine conditions of brilliant sun and summer drought) and Vaud has more gentle slopes (milder climate around the lake).
Values wine-growers have built bisses, steep channels of mountain water, to irrigate their vines, since the Middle Ages.
Some of Europe's highest vineyards are in Switzerland. Where?
At Visperterminen, just southwest of Valais, at 1100m (3600ft).
Heida in particular achieves great density and richness.