Flashcards in Systematic Theology Deck (43):
1. Define "Theology" from the perspective of the broad, narrow, and narrowest sense.
Broad - the entire curriculum of a Cristian seminary, from Archeology and Hebrew to Christian education and pastoral care.
Narrower - a segment of theological studies that deal with the comprehensive doctrinal content of the Christian faith
Narrowest - deals simply with the doctrine of God
2. Primary difference between "biblical theology" and "systematic theology".
Biblical - the source and root of all Christian doctrine
Systematic - makes use of the material of biblical theology and often builds on the results of biblical theology.
3. Groups, mvmts which deny the need for a study of ST
1. Liberal ecumenism
2. Postmodern Culture
3. Seeker friendly pragmatism
4. Evangelical ecumenism
5. Charismatic emphasis of experience over objective truth
4. Basis for stated the need for theology
1. The intellectual or truth content of the Christian faith
2. Necessary to communicate the Christian faith
3. Necessary to defend the Christian faith
4. Necessary to preserve the Christian faith
5. The foundation of all that we do practically in the Christian life.
5. Nearest thing to a ST in the Bible itself
6. Who is credited with writing the first systematic theology?
Origen of Alexandria
7. First to use the word "Trinity".
8. Standard Theological textbook? Whose work is the classical pinnacle of medieval theology and become to standard RC textbook
Sententiarum Libri IV by Peter Lombard, Thomas Aquinas (Summa Theologica)
9. Standard theological textbook of Reformed still used today
John Calvin's Institutes of the Christian Religion
10. Father of Modern Theology, his greatest systematic work
Friedrich Schleiermacher, The Christian Faith
11. Theological system associated with TULIP, what do letters mean, Calvinists Reps
Calvinist Theology, Total Depravity, Unconditional Election, Limited Atonement, Irresistible Grace, Perseverance of the Saints; John Calvin, Presbyterian churches, Edwards, Whitfield, Spurgeon, Hodge, Shedd, Warfield, Van Til, Boyce, Westminster Confession
12. Theological System - unlimited atonement and insecure salvation
13. Confession/ Creed in Covenant Theology
14. Dispensational System, study Bible, institution
A system of interpretation which seeks to distinguish differing stewardships whereby man is tested in his respect to the will of God
Dallas Theological Seminary
15. Importance on Grace, relationship between Israel and church
Salvation is by grace in every dispensation, Distinction between Israel and the Church
16. Father of Neoorthodox theology, weakness
Karl Barth, against the immenence of God, disassociated the word of God from the Bible
15b. Popular preacher of the first half of the 20th century was a proponent of liberal system of theology?
16 b Revelation, Inspiration, illumination
16b. Revelation - the communication of divine truth
Inspiration - the recording of divine truth
Illumination - the understanding of divine truth
17. Galah, apokalupto
Galah- "to uncover, to strip away"
Used at times in a literal sense, 23 times in connection with God communicating himself and his message
Apokalupto - end times
18. Two main approaches to a knowledge of God?
Rationalism and Christian Theism
19. Psalm 19: 1-6 and Roman 1:19-21's contribution to the doctrine of revelation.
The Biblical witness to general revelation, Psalms - the heavens, the firmament - natural order, the extent: universal in scope, Romans - man properly perceives truth about God in the natural order, knowledge of God us mediated through the visible world and the human conscience, man consistently suppresses that knowledge.
20. 3 Means of General Revelation
1. The External World of Nature
2. The Human Conscience
3. The History of God's dealing with Man
21. View of natural theology concerning the adequacy of gen rev and who historically been the chief proponent
Natural theology is an attempt to obtain an understanding of God and his relationship with the universe by means of rational reflection, w/o appealing to special revelation or biblical revelation
22. Modern/ contemporary theologian denied that there is a gen rev?
23. Orthodox conclusion concerning adequacy/ inadequacy of gen rev?
General revelation is Inadequate to save, bur adequate to condemn
24. Special revelation is "anthropic" in nature?
Revelation comes in human language, human categories of thought and action came through languages common at the time, came through forms which are a part of human experience
25. Special revelation is progressive?
Not corrective revelation
Additional and more core complete knowledge
No progression if Doctrine of Sin
26. Means of Special Revelation
Divine speaking, external manifestations, historical events, personal incarnation, inspired writings
27. Content of Special Revelation
Person of God, Truth of God
28. Open closed revelation
Can new truth be revealed?
JW, Mormonism, Catholicism
29. Inspiration views
Naturalistic / rationalistic - is inspired to no extent, no special revelation
Partial or limited inspiration (dance) - inspired to a limited extent
Complete inspiration (plenary- verbal Inspiration)- full and complete verbal-inspiration extends beyond concepts to the words themselves
30. Meaning of plenary verbal?
full and complete verbal inspiration
31. Dynamic view of inspiration?
Hold a Partial or Limited inspiration, inspiration is conceptual, but not verbal tends (ideas inspired not words), extends to the spiritual an salvation matters, move confidence from scientific/historical matters to theological matters
32. Methods to determine doctrine of inspiration
Phenomena / data of bible
33. Significance of ...
John 10:35 - explicit statement in absolute in authority
2 Tim 3:16. - classical focus of Biblical statements on inspiration, scripture has a divine origin and has it's entirety has a divine origin
2 Peter 1:19-21 - absolute trustworthiness of Scripture, divine origin of Scripture, confluent authorship
Given by inspiration of God
Literally God breathed
35. Meaning of 2 Peter 1:20?
Best seen as rejecting origin in human research and investigation
36. How do writers of NT relate Scripture to God?
Some speak of God A's if He were the Scriptures. In some statements, Scripture are spoken of as if they were God. Words of Scripture are also important. theological truth hinged upon one word
37. NT evidence that NT is inspired?
Jesus teaching about the ministry of the Holy Spirit (John 14, 16)
Words of the apostles are identified A's the word of God (1 Thess)
Words of Paul identified As Scripture (2 Peter)
38. Objections raised on inerrancy? Answered?
Scientific errors, historical errors, moral blemishes, internal contradictions
Most of supposed biblical errors are only apparent and disappear with careful investigation
Some may be due to the transcription of the text
Some difficulties remain "track record" is good
39. Meaning of canon of Scripture
The authoritative books of the Bible by which others books are to be judge.
40. Simple matter for the canon for Christians?
It is established by Jesus and the apostles