SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY Milikan Test 2 Flashcards Preview

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1. Five aspects discussed under the Person or Essence of God

God is a
1. Person,
2. Spirit,
3. One,
4. Living,
5. Triune

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2. Three essential characteristics of personhood or personality

1. Intelligence (knowledge)
2. Emotion (feelings)
3. Will (volition)

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3. Three views of God which deny His personality

1. Deism - an Intelligence but no Person
2. Pantheism - God is everything w/o distinction from anything else
3. Panentheism - God is in everything (blurs concept of personal God)

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4. Anthropomorphism and Anthropopathisms

Morph - form of man - the strong arm of God
Path - feelings of man - God having Joy

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5. Two most prominent Hebrew names for God
b. Which has implications for Trinity
c. Which is the most frequently used

Elohim (implication of Trinity) and Yahweh (most frequent)

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6. Identify biblical passages and associate them with the proper aspects of the Person of God
Isaiah 31:3
John 4:24

Both are attributed to the Spirituality of God (God is Spirit)
Isaiah 31:3 shows that OT implies it
John 4:24 explicitly states it

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7. Two biblical phenomenon which presents a difficulty in perceiving God's spirituality

a. The anthropomorphisms of OT
b. The Incarnation

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8. Meaning of The numerical unity of God and the simplicity of God

a. Numerical - simply one God
b. Simplicity - not many parts

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9. Shema

The OT witness affirming God is One, "Hear," Deut. 6:4-6

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10. Philosophical difficulty with the doctrine of God's unity and
B. what is the biblical problem

A. Dominant presence of evil in the world
B. Difficult to associate the oneness and tri-unity of God

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11. Five Old Testament phenomena which form the preparation for the doctrine of Trinity

1. The plurality of God's name
2. The Angel of the Lord
3. The Spirit of God
4. The personification of Wisdom
5. The Divine Messiah

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12. What truth about God is the baptismal formula in Matt. 28:20 related?

God is triune (Trinity)

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13. Three New Testament facts with formation of a Trinity doctrine

a. God is one
b. Jesus is God
c. Holy Spirit is a person

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14.
a. Unitarianism
b. Modalism
c. Tritheism
Explaining trinity doctrine

a. Unitarianism - denies deity of Jesus and person of Holy Spirit
b. Modalism - Affirms the Deity and Personality of Holy Spirit but they are not separate. Modes or forms of same.
b. Tritheism - Three Gods, Separated and make three different separate Gods.
ii. Denies unity of God.

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15. The primary function of each person of the Godhead

a. It is God the Father who plans.
b. It is God the Son who accomplishes.
c. It is God the spirit who applies.

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16. In the classification of the attributes of God, identify a theologian who uses the category of “incommunicable/communicable.” Who uses the category of “natural/moral?” Who uses “freedom/love?”

a. Herman Bavinck (Incommunicable - Communicable).
b. E. Y. Mullins/W. T. Conner (Natural, Moral).
c. Karl Barth - The Barthian method (Freedom and Love)

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17. What one term sums up the natural attributes? What term the moral attributes?

a. Natural - God's Absoluteness
b. Moral - The Holiness of God

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18. What attribute of God is His immanence related to?

Omnipresence

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19. In what way (ways) is God’s knowledge and power limited?

a. Non-contradictory:
Two mountain tops without a valley; an unmovable object and an irresistible force.
b. His nature:
God cannot do things against his nature; e.g., He cannot lie.
c. Self-imposed limitations:
E.g., the incarnation

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20. Identify the Hebrew word kodesh? What is its most likely etymology?

a. Old Testament: kodesh
i. Brightness, brilliance
ii. Separateness, to cut or divide
b. Definition
i. The summation of all of God's perfections
ii. As an attribute it refers to a the moral purity of God
1. Negatively it means that God is free from any evil
2. Positively it means that God is absolutely perfect

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21. As an attribute what does “holiness” express about God?

a. It expresses God's transcendence.
b. It expresses the unapproachability of God.
c. It expresses the moral transcendency of God

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22. What are the four aspects of God’s righteousness? To which of these aspects do justice and wrath belong?

a. Mandatory righteousness - demands that His creatures be righteous.
b. Punitive righteousness - condemns sin and calls for its punishment. (Justice/Wrath of God)
c. Remunerative righteousness - Associated with the rewarding of His people; bestow favor for obedience (cf. II Tim. 4:8).
d. Redemptive righteousness - moves him to provide righteousness for the unrighteous (imputed righteousness)

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23. What is the theological issue concerning the wrath of God?
b. What position was expressed in class?

When a person will receive the punishment for their sins (the justice of God)
a. Universalism – God's love will concur all and everyone will be saved, no wrath of God.
b. Rehabilitation - Sin will be punished within a person’s life, they will see the error of their ways and come in repentance.
c. Retribution – the act of wrath that the sinner deserves

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24. What is the classical biblical passage on the wrath of God?

a. Rom. 1:18-32.

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25. What are the four theological conclusions about the attribute of God’s truth?

a. God is true in and of Himself; He is a truth existing God.
b. God is true in His words; He speaks the truth (2 Sam. 7:28; Tit. 1:2; Heb. 6:18)
c. God is true in His works
d. God is true in His demands; He is a truth loving God (Prov. 12:22).

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26. What are the biblical words for the love of God, both the Old Testament and the New Testament? Of the New Testaments words which expresses the highest form of love?

a. Old Testament
i. Hesed
ii. Ahaba
iii. Chen
b. New Testament
i. Philia – Brotherly love, love motived by mutual interest
ii. Agape – Divine love, unconditional love to an object that is not necessary loveable.

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27. How would you distinguish between the mercy and the grace of God?

a. Mercy - God's love directed toward those in misery, keeps us from getting what we do deserve.
b. Grace - God's love directed toward the guilty; those deserving punishment, gives us what we don’t deserve.

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28. Identify “supralapsarianism” and “infralapsarianism,” and to what aspect of God’s works are they related?

a. Supralapsarianism:
Decreed to save an elect body before he decreed to allow the fall.
i. God decreed to create human being
ii. God decreed some to be saved and some damned
iii. God decreed the fall
iv. God decreed the world be saved through his son
b. Infralapsarianism
God decreed to permit the fall first, then out of fallen humanity he decreed to elect some to salvation.
i. God decreed to allow the fall
ii. After fall God decreed to elect some.
iii. God use son to save.
Internal works: order of God's decrees

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29. Of the various theories on the origin of matter, which advocates the eternality of matter?

a. Dualism - Matter has always existed along-side God

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30. Identify two forms of theistic evolution.

a. Threshold evolution - use evolution to bring one of God's creatures into Personhood
b. Progressive creationism - Bernhard Ramm - Christian view of science in Scripture - a second creation

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31. What does Gen. 1:1 have to say about the time of creation?

a. Genesis 1:1 is dateless leaving us unable to give a time of Creation


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32. How many heavens does the Bible itself identify?

a. 3 Heavens:
i. Heavens of atmosphere
ii. Heavens of outer-space
iii. Heavens of Heavens – dwelling place of God and angels

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33. Concerning the interpretation of the “days” of creation, what is the explanations of the “revelatory day” and “the creative day” interpretations?

a. Revelatory Day – God revealed creation, on day one God revealed that he created light to Moses. God took six days to reveal the act of creation to Moses.
b. Creative Day - Literal Day (24 hours), could be a period of time between day 1 and 2 or any days of any length.

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34. Identify the Hebrew verb bara and with what work of God is it associated?

a. "He created"
b. Verb does not imply "out of nothing" but it is only used with God as the subject and to create something new that only God can do/make
Ex. "Create in me a new heart, O God"
External works: work of creation

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35. Identify ex nihilio and relate it to the work of God.

a. ex nihilio means “From nothing:
b. Implied in the nature of God of all powerful

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36. What are the two particular aspects of God’s providence?

a. Preservation
b. Government

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37. To what aspect of providence is Col. 1:16-17 related?

a. Preservation


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38. How is the providence of God related to mankind?

a. Birth, lot in life (Psa. 139:16)
b. Outward success and failures (Psa. 75:6-7)
c. Insignificant matters (Mt. 10:30)

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39. What is the most serious problem raised about God’s providence?

a. The presence of evil

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40. What does the terms teras, dunamis, simeian have in common?

a. Refer to the Power of God in miracles

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41. In what category of the works of God is regeneration and sanctification placed?

a. Supernatural "Miracle" - Those events or acts due to the influence of the Spirit upon the hearts of men.

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42. What three conclusions were drawn concerning the presence of miracles today?

a. One cannot build a case for the absolute cessation of miracles.
b. Miracles have never been and are not now the ordinary way of God's working.
c. Miracles have never been a test of superior spirituality.