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Flashcards in systemic & metabolic disorders Deck (34):
1

which vitamin deficiency: cardiomyopathy, peripheral neuropathy, wernicke korsakoff, common in alcoholics

B1 (thiamine) deficiency

2

which vitamin deficiency: distal symmetric sensory loss, weakness, UMN, mental status alteration, pernicious anemia

B12 (cyanocobalamine) deficiency

3

triad of wernicke korsakoff

mental status change, ataxia, opthalmoplegias

4

which vitamin deficiency: sensory ataxia, often a complication of INH

B6 (pyridoxine) deficiency

5

which vitamin deficiency: neuropathy, dementia

niacin defiency

6

which vitamin deficiency: night blindness

vitamin A deficiency

7

which vitamin deficiency: weakness

vitamin D deficiency

8

which vitamin deficiency: neuropathy, ataxia

vitamin E deficiency

9

both niacin and vitamin E deficiencies result in neuropathy, but ____also presents with dementia VS. ____presents with ataxia

niacin; vitamin E

10

rapid correction of_____may result in osmotic demyelination

hyponatremia

11

carpopedal, opisthotonus, stridor

hypocalcemia

12

signs of hypermagnesium

reduced reflexes, lethargy

13

signs of hypomagnesium

similar to hypocalcemia

14

glu levels of 30-40 can result in what?

focal cerebral dysfxn

15

result of hyperglycemia often found with DKA

mental status changes

16

what is hypertensive encephalopathy AKA

PRES (posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome)

17

accelerated HTN, HA, seizure, mental status changes, papilledema, parieto-occipital white matter changes

PRES

18

asterixis associated with disease of what organ?

liver

19

triphasic waves on EEG can be a sign of

liver disease

20

patient with CNS infxn with renal disease - what pathogen?

listeria monocytogenes

21

risks assc'd with dialysis

1. subdural hematoma
2. dementia

22

what thyroid related disorder can present with relapsing progressive mental status change?

hashimoto encephalopathy

23

tx of hashimoto encephalopathy

steroids

24

adrenal disease can present with?

myopathy, radiculopathy

25

sickle cell disease can present with wat neuro sx

stroke, seizure, CNS infxn

26

fever, renal failure, thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, HA, mental status changes, seizure, focal neuro sx

TTP

27

ppl with neurosarcoidosis can present with_____

cranial neuropathies

28

name that vasculitis: young adults, women, asian, kids, focal cerebral ischemic or subclavian steal

takayasi arteritis

29

name that vasculitis: age >50, HA, visual loss, elevated ESR, jaw claudication

temporal arteritis

30

name that vasculitis: infants and children affected, present with facial weakness, seizures, stroke

kawasaki disease

31

name that vasculitis: mononeuropathy multiplex, radiculopathy, plexopathy, sensory motor polyneuropathy, stroke, seizure

polyarteritis nodosa

32

name that vasculitis: respiratory tract involvement, glomerulonephritis, mononeuritis multiplex

wegener granulomatosis

33

HA, seizure, mental status change - suspect what vasculitis?

primary CNS angiitis

34

person stopping meds for PD presents with fever, autonomic instability, mental status change, rigidity

neuroleptic malignant syndrome