T3-Encephalatis, Rabies, and Rey's Syndrome Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in T3-Encephalatis, Rabies, and Rey's Syndrome Deck (16):
1

Inflammation of the brain usually caused by a viral infection

Encephalitis

2

What is the most common cause of encephalitis after the newborn period with a high mortality rate?

Herpes simplex type 1

3

Enterovirus can cause encephalitis. What does this show as?

Echovirus--non-pruritic, discrete, red maculo-papular rash on face and trunk

4

Coxsackievirus can cause encephalitis. What is coxsackievirus?

Vesicles and ulcers on soft palate

5

What are some other things that cause encephalitis?

-Adenovirus
-Arbovirus
-Rabies
-Hep. B
-Bacteria
-Parasites

6

What is the classic manifestation of encephalitis?

Febrile illness with neurologic sings

7

Encephalitis diagnosis. What do we inquire about?

-History (recent immunizations)
-Insect bites
-Travel to areas where vectors are present (west nile, SARS, H5N1)

8

Encephalitis-What lab findings is used to identify viral pathogens?

Nasopharyngeal and stool specimens

9

What lab finding test is usually done after 5 days of the acute phase of illness?

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)

10

Encephalitis: Due to the virulence of the infectious agents _____ is almost always needed

ICU admission

11

What is the nursing care goal of encephalitis?

To minimize complications from personality changes, seizures, immobility, loss of consciousness, etc

12

What disease: Viral infection affecting CNS

Rabies

13

How do people get rabies?

Bites from animals usually

14

T/F: If you are symptomatic with rabies it is usually a fatal outcome

True

Fever, malaise, sore throat, choking from laryngospasm

15

Toxic encephalopathy

Reyes syndrome

16

What are the 3 parts of toxic encephalopathy for Reyes Syndrome?

-Fever
-Impaired consciousness
-Dysfunctional liver

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