Flashcards in T3-Encephalatis, Rabies, and Rey's Syndrome Deck (16):
Inflammation of the brain usually caused by a viral infection
What is the most common cause of encephalitis after the newborn period with a high mortality rate?
Herpes simplex type 1
Enterovirus can cause encephalitis. What does this show as?
Echovirus--non-pruritic, discrete, red maculo-papular rash on face and trunk
Coxsackievirus can cause encephalitis. What is coxsackievirus?
Vesicles and ulcers on soft palate
What are some other things that cause encephalitis?
What is the classic manifestation of encephalitis?
Febrile illness with neurologic sings
Encephalitis diagnosis. What do we inquire about?
-History (recent immunizations)
-Travel to areas where vectors are present (west nile, SARS, H5N1)
Encephalitis-What lab findings is used to identify viral pathogens?
Nasopharyngeal and stool specimens
What lab finding test is usually done after 5 days of the acute phase of illness?
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
Encephalitis: Due to the virulence of the infectious agents _____ is almost always needed
What is the nursing care goal of encephalitis?
To minimize complications from personality changes, seizures, immobility, loss of consciousness, etc
What disease: Viral infection affecting CNS
How do people get rabies?
Bites from animals usually
T/F: If you are symptomatic with rabies it is usually a fatal outcome
Fever, malaise, sore throat, choking from laryngospasm