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Flashcards in Team Test (questions) Deck (20):
1

You meet a psychologist who explains behavior in terms of ego, defense mechanisms, and psychosexual stages. This psychologist represents which view of personality?

psychoanalytic

2

Id, ego, and superego refer to which component of psychoanalytic theory?

They describe the structure of personality.

3

A strategy that prevents awareness of unacceptable desires is a ________ and the _________ makes use of such strategies.

defense mechanism; ego

4

According to Freud, the purpose of defense mechanisms is to do what?

prevent threatening thoughts from attaining awareness

5

The psychoanalytic perspective suggests that too much or too little gratification at a psychosexual stage may result in, what?

fixation

6

What is the correct ordering of Freud's psychosexual stages of development?

oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital

7

The most widely adopted trait model of personality today is the ________

five-factor model

8

In the five-factor model of personality, the extent to which a person is sensitive, warm, and tolerant versus callous, cold, and hostile is captured in which personality factor?

agreeableness

9

The construct of __________ represents the belief that behavior involves an interrelationship between personality traits and situational factors?

interactionism

10

The most widely held view in contemporary psychology is that ________.

genetic macros interact with environmental macros to determine our personalities

11

An extension of behaviorism that includes roles for internal mental processes and the influences of other people on our behavior is called ________ what?

social-cognitive theory

12

In social-cognetive theory, all but which of the following play a role in explaining personality?

a person's unconscious impulses

13

Reciprocal determinism, is what?

is the idea that cognitions, behaviors, and environmental macros influence each other.

14

Albert Bandura's theory emphasizes the importance of an individual's efficacy expectations, by which is meant ______ what?

our beliefs about our own abilities to perform tasks we set out to accomplish

15

According to the text, the most important influence of the social-cognitive theorists was the ________ , what?

presentation of the fire that people are active seekers and interpreters of information, not just responders to environmental influences.

16

In the humanistic perspective, realization of one's own potential is known as, what?

self-actualization

17

According to humanists, personality is what?

the expression of conscious experience of directing ourselves towards achieving our own unique potential.

18

Carl Rogers' theory suggests that self-esteem is a function of how closely we come to matching our self-ideals, which are, what?

our idealized sense of who and what we should be

19

Abraham Maslow believed all but which of the following?

The majority of humans become fully self-actualized by the time they reach old age.

20

In humanistic theory of Rogers and Maslow, personality is best described as, what?

A process, rather than an outcome